Effect of antenatal tetramethylpyrazine on lung development and YAP expression in rat model of experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Effect of antenatal tetramethylpyrazine on lung development and YAP expression in rat model of experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2020;13(1):81-88 Authors: Liao J, Liu W, Zhang L, Li Q, Hou F, Zou P Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on lung development using a rat model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Nitrofen was used to induce CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into three groups: control, CDH, and CDH+TMP. In the CDH and CDH+TMP, fetuses only with left diaphragmatic hernias were chosen for analysis. Lung and body weight were recorded and lung histologic evaluations, image analysis, and western blot analysis of YAP, p-YAP and LATS1 were performed after lung processing. A markedly abnormal structure was observed, as evidenced by pulmonary hypoplasia and vascular remodeling, in the CHD. These abnormalities were improved in the CDH+TMP. There were significant differences between the CHD and CHD+TMP in percentage of medial wall thickness, arteriole muscularization, radial alveolar counts, AA%, and alveolar septal thickness. YAP expression was markedly increased in the CHD compared to the controls, which was not affected by antenatal TMP administration. However, prenatal TMP intervention significantly increased expression of LATS1 and phosphorylation of YAP in the CDH fetuses. Our results demonstrate that antenatal TMP admini...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Jinsoo Lee, Seong-Jin Choi, Ji-Seong Jeong, Sang Yun Kim, Sang-Hyub Lee, Mi Jin Yang, Seung-Jin Lee, Young-Jun Shin, Kyuhong Lee, Eun Ju Jeong, Sang-Yoon Nam, Wook-Joon Yu
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service. PMID: 33029402 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Authors: Debelew GT Abstract Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mort...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
This study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of induced abortion and associated factors among students in Hawassa University, southern region, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 422 students selected on the bases of a probability simple random sampling method. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Analysis was made with SPSS 20. Descriptive summary and inferential statistics (binary logistic regression) were used with a 95% CI and P value of less than 5% as a level of significance. Findings were presented in tables, figure, an...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Transabdominal laparoscopic approach is a safe and feasible approach to all cases of symptomatic hiatus and diaphragmatic hernia. PMID: 30322286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that non-uniform lung hypoplasia caused by DH alters the distribution of ventilation away from hypoplastic and into normally grown lung regions. During transition, the increase in PBF and pulmonary venous return, which is vital for maintaining cardiac output, is not affected by lung hypoplasia.Pediatric Research accepted article preview online, 11 April 2017. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.91. PMID: 28399114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
Norman Oneil MachadoNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences 2016 8(2):65-74Bochdalek hernia (BH) is an uncommon form of diaphragmatic hernia. The rarity of this hernia and its nonspecific presentation leads to delay in the diagnosis, with the potential risk of complications. This review summarizes the relevant aspects of its presentation and management, based on the present evidence in the literature. A literature search was performed on PubMed, Google Scholar, and EMBASE for articles in English on BH in adults. All case reports and series from the period after 1955 till January 2015 were included. A total of 180 articl...
Source: North American Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare providers will occasionally encounter foetal anomalies which may require surgery while performing prenatal screening. They may need to provide early counselling to expectant parents to inform their expectations. When indicated, referrals should be made to a foetal care centre for prenatal consultation. For conditions which may cause danger or distress to the foetus in the immediate postnatal period, preparations should be made to ensure sufficient resources are available at the location of birth. PMID: 26321230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
We present the successful utilization of this product in two cases which were at extremely high risk for future recurrence. Additional investigations should be done and long term follow up regarding application of this product for this challenging clinical condition.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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