Effects of continuous positive airway pressure treatment on aortic stiffness in patients with resistant hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea: A randomized controlled trial.

In conclusion, a 6-month CPAP treatment did not reduce aortic stiffness, measured by cf-PWV, in patients with RHT and moderate/severe OSA, but treatment may prevent its progression, in contrast to no-CPAP therapy. PMID: 32048379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThere is a major inter- and intra-gender variation in percentage apnea and hypopnea times between hypertensive and normotensive patients with severe OSA. OSA is an important risk factor for hypertension and thus, early detection and phenotyping of OSA would allow timely treatment of patients with the highest risk of hypertension.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsWeight loss after EGJR is sustained up to 5  years after revision with little effect on medical comorbidities. Patients with a greater reduction in stoma diameter experienced superior weight loss.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Horm Metab Res DOI: 10.1055/a-1133-7255The coexistence of aldosterone oversecretion and obstructive sleep apnea is frequently observed, especially in patients with resistant hypertension, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Since aldosterone excess and sleep apnea are both independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, to investigate whether their coexistence might be attributed to common predisposing conditions, such as metabolic disorders, or to an actual pathophysiological interconnection appears of great importance. Fluid overload and metabolic abnormalities relating to aldosterone oversecretio...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe three OSA phenotypes from multi-perspective clustering may provide a basis for precise therapeutic decision-making including craniofacial skeletal intervention beyond usual characterization of OSA subgroups.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The three OSA phenotypes from multi-perspective clustering may provide a basis for precise therapeutic decision-making including craniofacial skeletal intervention beyond usual characterization of OSA subgroups. PMID: 32219710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
This study included patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The primary outcome of interest was incisional SSI occurring within 30  days. Surgeries performed in 2015 were used in a derivation cohort and the predictive tool was validated against the 2016 cohort. A forward selection algorithm was used to build a logistic regression model predicting probability of SSI.ResultsA total of 274,187 patients were included with 71.7% being LSG and 28.3% LRYGB. 0.7% of patients had a SSI in which 71.0% had an incisional SSI, and 29.9% had an organ/spa...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and a change in the 24 h pattern of adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Adverse cardiovascular events occur more frequently in the middle of the night in people with OSA, earlier than the morning prevalence of these events in the general population. It is unknown if these changes are associated with a change in the underlying circadian rhythms, independent of behaviors such as sleep, physical activity, and meal intake. In this exploratory analysis, we studied the endogenous circadian rhythms of blood press...
Source: Chronobiology International - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Chronobiol Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: Environmental factors were found to be the most predominant cause, where the majority of children were found to be leading a sedentary lifestyle, following an unhealthy diet, and skipping meals. The most recurring complications involved psychosocial and behavioral abnormalities, and among the medical consequences, gastroesophageal reflux and obstructive sleep apnea were the most prevalent.
Source: Annals of African Medicine - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with AF who were diagnosed with OSA had significantly higher plasma visfatin levels which increased according to the severity of OSA. Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis identified visfatin concentration over 1.25  ng/mL, male sex, age over 59.1 years, and permanent AF as the factors showing independent correlation with OSA.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AF who were diagnosed with OSA had significantly higher plasma visfatin levels which increased according to the severity of OSA. Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis identified visfatin concentration over 1.25 ng/mL, male sex, age over 59.1 years, and permanent AF as the factors showing independent correlation with OSA. PMID: 32170672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
More News: Hypertension | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine