Migraine Treatment

Migraine headaches affect more than 35 million Americans and are ranked the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, resulting in decreased quality of life and serious economic consequences. There are 4 types of migraine headaches: frontal, temporal, occipital, and rhinogenic. Each type has a well-described trigger site. Migraines headaches often are refractory to medical therapy and may respond well to botulinum toxin type A. Migraine surgery is another option to release trigger sites. A systematic review of the migraine surgery literature found an average success rate of 90%, with elimination or greater than 50% improvement of migraine headaches after migraine surgery.
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The burden of disease (BD) increased by 1.6% from 1990 to 2015. The main causes were migraine, CVD, and NE. ADD and NSC doubled the DALY in this period. These diseases represent a significant cause of disability attributable to the increase in the life expectancy of our population among other factors. Priority actions should be taken to prevent and treat these causes.RESUMEN Introducci ón: Los indicadores de carga de la enfermedad evalúan el impacto que producen las enfermedades en una población. Integran la mortalidad y discapacidad en un solo indicador. Esto permite fijar prioridades para...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Migraines have a high prevalence and are ranked sixth by the World Health Organization for years lost to disability [1]. Even though migraines are so highly ranked in terms of WHO disability years, there is little research on the use of Osteopathic Manipulation Techniques (OMT) to treat this condition. The goal of OMT is to provide minimally invasive techniques, rather than relying on invasive procedures and medications that carry side effects, to treat somatic or neurologic symptoms. Even though there is a large amount of OMT techniques that focus on cranial treatments published in osteopathic literature, there is a deart...
Source: International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundClinical trials have shown the safety and clinical superiority of erenumab compared to placebo in chronic migraine (CM). The aim of this analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of erenumab in a real-world setting in patients with refractory CM.MethodsThis is a prospective single centre real-world audit conducted in patients with CM with and without medication overuse, refractory to established preventive medications, who received monthly erenumab for 6 months.ResultsOf 164 patients treated, 162 patients (female  = 135, mean age 46 ± 14.3 years o...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the role of avoidance behavior in headache-related disability and overview relevant clinical implications.Recent FindingsAvoidance occupies a central role in contemporary psychological perspectives on headache disorders and other chronic pain conditions. Several cognitive constructs of relevance to headache are influenced and maintained by avoidance behavior. A growing body of literature attests to the notion that avoidance of headache triggers, of stimuli that exacerbate headache, and of broader life domains can negatively affect headache progression, dis...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The demographics in terms of gender, race, and age reflect large population studies of migraine; however, we are concerned about the stereotypical depiction of "acute pain behavior" (ie, eye closed, hands on temples) on these images as this is inconsistent with the actual presentations of people with migraine in our clinical experience. This disparity may both derive from, and further contribute to, social stigmatization and lack of public and employer validation of migraine-related disability. We suggest that future efforts in migraine advocacy may focus on ensuring the portrayal in mass media of an ...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
ConclusionNotwithstanding some phenotypic similarities, persistent post-traumatic headache after traumatic brain injury, is considered a separate phenomenon from migraine but available data is inconclusive. High-quality studies are further required to investigate the pathophysiological mechanisms of this secondary headache, in order to identify new targets for treatment and to prevent disability.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionMigraine is associated with substantial functional impairment and affects many aspects of daily life.MethodsUsing data from SAMURAI and SPARTAN (double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 studies) and GLADIATOR (an open-label, phase 3 study enrolling patients who had completed SAMURAI or SPARTAN), we assessed the effects of lasmiditan on migraine-related functional disability at multiple time points from 0.5 to 48  h post dose by asking patients to rate how much the migraine was interfering with normal activities. Pooled data from SAMURAI and SPARTAN (SAMURAI + SPARTAN) and data from G...
Source: Neurology and Therapy - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study demonstrated the usefulness of TENS as a screening method for the application of orthotics. This non-invasive and/or non-painful procedure could be a useful complementary treatment in this patient population. The results of the study also confirm the role of masticatory muscle dynamics as a possible pathogenic mechanism in patients with PIFP.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Some of the professionals that work most with helping people with schizophrenia are nurses. There are so many types with different skill sets. Host Rachel Star Withers and Co-host Gabe Howards learn who these often overlooked healthcare workers are. Dr. Tari Dilks, Professor and President of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, joins with insight on what goes into being a psychiatric nurse.  Highlights in “The Role Nurses Play in Schizophrenia Treatment” Episode [01:14] Doctor sidekicks? [04:00] The types of nurses [06:40] Nurse Practitioners [11:00] Nurses specialties [13:00] Psychiatric Nursin...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Mental Disorder Mental Illness Nurses Nursing Psychiatric Nurse Psychotherapy Treatment For Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Stroke is becoming one of the leading causes of adult disability and death in sub-Saharan African countries. The aim of the present study is to provide an up-to-date account of the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with stroke admitted to the University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Science Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (CMHS). A hospital based retrospective study design was used to analyze the medical records of all patients with stroke admitted to CMHS from June 20th 2012 and April 30th 2018. Data were cleaned and entered into SPSS for analysis. Among the 448 patients with stroke admitt...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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