Enhanced Visualization of the Cervical Vertebra during Intraoperative Fluoroscopy Using a Shoulder Traction Device.

In this study, a group of patients (n=33, device group) underwent surgery with the new device used to apply caudal traction to both shoulders, and another group of patients (n=33, matched control group) had surgery with the tape traction. Data about the lowest vertebra visible on lateral fluoroscopic view, installation time, skin irritation under the traction area, and postoperative brachial palsy were recorded, and these parameters were analyzed using the t-test. Results: The mean numbers of visible cervical vertebra were 6.3±0.41 in the device group and 5.6±0.32 in the matched control group (p
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Within the limits of our study, the results of this trial indicate that reconstructive periodontal surgery with PTG offers minimal radiographic defect resolution with no significant improvements in clinical endpoints compared to open flap debridement. PMID: 32224548 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of internal symmetry (the number and morphology of root canals) in the mandibular incisors using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). A total of 302 CBCT scans involving 1,208 mandibular incisors were evaluated using the Vertucci's classification regarding the number and configuration of root canals. The central mandibular incisors exhibited two root canals in 22.6% of patients and lateral incisors in 24.3% of patients. Most teeth (76.4%) had a type I configuration (a single root canal, 1-1), 21.7% had type II (2-1), 1.1% had type V (1-2), and 0.8% had type IV (2-2). Teeth with ...
Source: Journal of oral science - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research
Schmalz, Gerhard / Farack, Mathias / Kottmann, Tanja / Schmidt, Jana / Krause, Felix / Ziebolz, DirkPage 139 - 144Purpose: The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to detect dental health and dental treatment under general anaesthesia, as well as associations to selected parameters in a patient cohort with different disabilities.Material and Methods: Patients with disabilities, including mental, physical, combination of mental and physical as well as psychiatric disability, which received dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2011 were included. Based on the a...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Purpose of review Several imaging modalities exist for the assessment of Peyronie's disease. However, comprehensive recommendations for using these objective modalities based on large-scale evidence-based studies do not yet exist. Our objective is to evaluate current imaging techniques and provide a model that we follow in our clinic in the workup and management of Peyronie's disease. Recent findings Computed tomography and radiography excellently visualize penile plaque calcifications, and MRI adeptly identifies plaques in complex locations, such as the corporal septum. Ultrasonography has extensive applications in p...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the pediatric dentists surveyed believe they are in compliance with ADA-AAPD guidelines, most are unaware of IGCD recommendations. Use of digital radiography is almost ubiquitous, but use of rectangular collimation is limited. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Dentists treating children should be familiar with ADA-AAPD radiation exposure guidelines and should consider using the dose-reduction strategies recommended by IGCD. PMID: 32222177 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research
This report will also include a comprehensive literature review of Cowden syndrome and Lhermitte-Duclos disease, with greater emphasis on the radiologic characteristics of Lhermitte-Duclos disease.
Source: Journal of Radiology Case Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough no significant protective effect of TNFi treatment on spinal radiographic progression was seen over the course of 2 years or ≥4 years in patients with axial SpA, our analysis restricted to studies with a low risk of bias showed a protective effect of TNFi after ≥4 years. Therefore, long‐term TNFi exposure might confer beneficial effects on spinal radiographic progression in axial SpA. No difference in radiographic p rogression at 2 years was seen in either the NSAID or secukinumab treatment groups compared to their controls. Future studies should explore the effects of biologic treatment on radio...
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: In a country where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high, the pre-employment chest radiograph may still have a role in detecting tuberculosis in the post-exposure group.
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Surgical treatment for a stage II adult acquired flatfoot has consisted of reconstruction of the diseased posterior tibial tendon with flexor digitorum longus tendon transfer, combined with osteotomies to address the underlying deformity. This case series presents an alternative to tendon transfer using allograft tendon for posterior tibial tendon reconstruction. Four patients who underwent stage II flatfoot reconstruction with posterior tibial tendon allograft transplantation were included. All patients had preoperative radiographs demonstrating flatfoot deformity and magnetic resonance imaging showing advanced tendinopat...
Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Case Reports and Series Source Type: research
We report a case of symptomatic Oppenheimer ossicle in an 18-year-old male who presented with back pain. L5 pars interarticularis defect was suspected on initial lumbar spine radiographs. A subsequent technetium99m-methylene diphosphonate (Tc99m-MDP) bone scintigraphy with single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) revealed focal radiotracer uptake in an Oppenheimer ossicle in L2 vertebra. CT was negative for pars defect. Oppenheimer ossicle is a developmental variant resulting from an unfused accessory ossification center at the tip of the articular process.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Musculoskeletal and Emergency Imaging Source Type: research
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