People texting more likely to have ‘near miss’ with a vehicle
Text messaging generally had the most detrimental effect on pedestrian behaviours while crossing roads Related items fromOnMedica Scotland sets out its Public Health priorities Health Outcome Framework may include measure on loneliness Scotland reveals target of halving child obesity by 2030 Midwives demand ‘equivalence’ in prison perinatal care More action needed to treat TB
Conclusions: Nutrition counseling was rarely documented in a large sample of electronic medical record (EMR) data from pediatric wellness visits in South Carolina-a state heavily burdened by childhood obesity. Children's BMIs were infrequently recorded, which may be a barrier to tracking BMI over time. Sociodemographic and geographic differences in nutrition counseling may exacerbate disparities in childhood obesity. PMID: 32960095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Even though bariatric surgery is one of the most effective treatment option of obesity, post-surgical weight loss is not always ensured, especially in the long term, when many patients experience weight regain. Bariatric procedures are largely based on surgeon's expertise and intra-operative decisions, while an integrated in-silico approach could support surgical activity. The effects of bariatric surgery on gastric distension, which activates the neural circuitry promoting satiety, can be considered one of the main factors in the operation success. This aspect can be investigated trough computational mod...
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Morten AV. Lund, Anne H. Thostrup, Christine Frithioff-Bøjsøe, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Paula L. Hedley, Oluf Pedersen, Michael Christiansen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
CONCLUSIONS: The increase in FGF21 produced by dietary MR acts primarily in the brain to produce its physiological effects on energy balance. In contrast, the effects of MR on hepatic gene expression were intact in both models, supporting a mechanism that directly links detection of reduced methionine in the liver to transcriptional mechanisms that alter gene expression in the liver. PMID: 32959519 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy PFAS were associated with greater gestational weight gain, weight retention, and weight gain years after pregnancy. PMID: 32959518 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: PMID: 32959517 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is insufficient to suggest the response heterogeneity to low-CHO diets differs from that observed with low-fat diets. PMID: 32959516 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: PMID: 32959515 [PubMed]
Obesity is encountered ubiquitously in clinical practice, with rates continuing to rise -- but why? Perhaps it's time we face the truth, says Dr Akshay Jain.Medscape Diabetes &Endocrinology
This study aims to investigate the effect of long-term moderate physical exercise on irisin levels and its correlations with body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), and metabolic parameters in normal weight and obese males. Material and method. A follow-up case-control study of sixty male participants, comprised of thirty normal weight and thirty obese, who had undergone supervised long-term moderate physical exercises for six months. Serum irisin levels, fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, homeostatic model assessment of the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and β-cell function (HOMA-B2) were assessed. ...