Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms among men and women in a substance use and mental health treatment court sample

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Source: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Mrunalini Ramanathan, Elavenil Panneerselvam, V.B. Krishna Kumar RajaAbstractThis randomized controlled trial assessed the role of CAD/CAM splints in achieving anatomic reduction of fractured fragments and ideal occlusion, in comparison with conventional splints.Patients diagnosed with displaced mandibular fracture and post-traumatic malocclusion were allocated to study and control groups by simple randomization. A standardized surgical approach was followed to expose the fractures. Reduction of fractures was carrie...
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Authors: Gray M, Adamson MM, Thompson RC, Kapphahn KI, Han S, Chung JS, Harris OA Abstract Primary Objective: Research focused on mild traumatic brain injury in active military and veteran populations details the psychological, neurological and functional outcomes of mTBI, in a primarily male (~95%) cohort. This may misrepresent female symptoms and outcomes. Here we assess for genuine sex differences in symptom presentation and functional outcomes.Research Design: We used matched pairs to preclude potential sex bias in outcome data.Methods and Procedures: We matched 49 female/male pairs on; 1) mechanism of injury, ...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
In this study, healthy controls (n = 67) were matched for demographic characteristics (age, sex, race) and psychiatric controls (n = 67) were matched for demographic characteristics plus all other psychiatric diagnoses (past and current) to a group of PTSD patients (N = 67). We assessed group differences of 34 bilateral cortical structure volumes using statistically defined brain regions-of-interest from FreeSurfer between PTSD patients and healthy controls. We found 10 regions to be significantly different between PTSD and healthy controls and analyzed the group differences between PTSD and psychiatric control...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: International Review of NeurobiologyAuthor(s): J. Douglas Bremner, Matthew T. WittbrodtAbstractThis chapter reviews the relationship between stress and brain function in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, with an emphasis on disorders that have most clearly been linked to traumatic stress exposure. These disorders, which have been described as trauma spectrum disorders, include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a subgroup of major depression, borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative disorders; they share in common a neurobiological footprin...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: microneedling could be as effective as fractional laser when combined with PRP and when used for more sessions. PMID: 32068472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with reactive pupils and/or mild to moderate GCS may have benefited from TXA in the CRASH-3 trial because they had less intracranial bleeding at baseline. However, because bleeding occurs soon after injury, treatment delay reduces the benefit of TXA.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an individual therapeutic approach that has an emerging evidence base for children. It was initially trialed with refugee and asylum seeking populations, in low, middle and high-income settings, utilizing either lay or professional therapists. The results of treatment trials for PTSD in refugee children with NET (or the child “KIDNET” adaptation) demonstrates how this is an effective intervention, is scalable and culturally dexterous. This paper describes, in five cases from clinical practice settings, the applicability of NET into broader, routine practice. The cases outline...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe implications of the results for traffic safety are discussed.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
This National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) report describes a 2017 incident in which two volunteer fire fighters died and one was injured while on a scene where a dump truck was tangled in downed telephone lines. The report details ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Conditions:   Trauma Injury;   Ptsd;   Pain Interventions:   Drug: Ketamine;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   Medical College of Wisconsin Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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