Ocular features of Townes-Brocks syndrome

Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Nita Valikodath, Samiksha Jain, Marilyn Miller, Lawrence M. Kaufman
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The adult strabismus surgery was three times more frequent than the children strabismus surgery. The third of the adults that were operated on were ≥60 years. The cranial nerve palsies were the most frequent diagnosis. Adjustable sutures were rarely used. Good outcomes were obtained in most of the patients at the end of follow-up. PMID: 32063418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Deborah K. VanderVeen
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
We report a case of prenatal diagnosis of an isolated unilateral retrobulbar lymphatic malformation with fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This was first detected at 27 weeks' gestational age. Postnatal ocular examinations at 4 days and 5 weeks of age showed no signs of optic nerve compromise. Postnatal MRI at 18 days of age showed slight increase in size of the lesion, and no intracranial vascular malformations were detected.
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn our study cohort, pediatric AACE not accompanied by other ophthalmic and neurological abnormalities was not a manifestation of intracranial pathology. In such cases, the decision to perform neuroimaging should take into account other factors, including caregivers' preferences and availability for close monitoring.
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Discussion Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a problem of the neuromuscular junction which causes muscle weakness. It can occur in all ages and have a range of symptoms from mild localized disease to mortality-threatening respiratory failure. MG occurs in 1.7-30 cases/million, with a prevalence of 77.7 cases/million. Pediatric patients comprise 10-15% of all patients with MG. In various Asian populations, the juvenile MG can be up to 50% of all of the MG cases. Fluctuations in muscle weakness is a hallmark of the disease. As a reminder, “[i]n normal synaptic transmission in the neuromuscular junction, the axon is depolarize...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusion: The Spot PS may be used as a screening tool to detect ARF in children younger than 5 years of age keeping its limitations in consideration. However, the performance can be improved by modifying the cutoff values for the referral.
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Kerstin Hellgren, Lena Jacobson, Paolo Frumento, Jenny Bolk, Ulrika Ådén, Melissa E. Libertus, Mariagrazia BenassiAbstractPurposeTo investigate whether a questionnaire can identify cerebral visual impairment (CVI) in a group of 6.5-year-old children born extremely preterm (EPT) as accurately as direct assessments.MethodsThis prospective population-based study included 120 children born before 27 weeks’ gestational age (66 males; mean, 25.4 ± 1.0 weeks) and...
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Raed Shatnawi, Samar Awni Shweiki, Arif O. KhanA previously healthy 11-year-old girl presented with bilateral orbital compartment syndrome secondary to retrobulbar hemorrhages requiring emergency cantholysis. Four days earlier she had sustained head trauma without symptoms until her acute presentation. A basic hematologic profile was remarkable for a prolonged partial thromboplastin time, which did not completely correct with a 1:1 mixing study. This result raised suspicion for the...
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Arif O. Khan
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Ye Elaine Wang, Dhariana Acon Ramirez, Rehan M. Hussain, Audina M. Berrocal, Ta Chen ChangAn 18-year-old man with primary congenital glaucoma and buphthalmos in both eyes presented with unilateral, sudden-onset, painless vision loss. He had previously undergone multiple sectoral ab externo rigid-probe trabeculotomy in both eyes and subsequently Baervelt glaucoma implantion in both eyes, with adequate intraocular pressure control. Examination revealed subfoveal choroidal neovascular...
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
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