Thirty-day postoperative morbidity in patients with breast cancer following neoadjuvant chemotherapy

The objective was to compare post-operative complication rates among patients treated with partial mastectomy (PM), unilateral mastectomy (UM), and bilateral mastectomy (BM) after NAC.
Source: American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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The objective was to compare post-operative complication rates among patients treated with partial mastectomy (PM), unilateral mastectomy (UM), and bilateral mastectomy (BM) after NAC.Study design398 patients with breast cancer who had NAC from 2008 to 2016 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. The primary outcome measure was 30-day post-operative morbidity.Results125 patients (31.4%) underwent PM, 107 patients (26.9%) UM, and 166 (41.7%) BM. There was no significant difference among the 3 groups with respect to histology (ductal: 96.0% PM, 88.8% UM, 92.6% BM, p = 0.161). Groups were similar with re...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we examine the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes of therapeutic NSM. METHODS: From 2003 to 2016, women undergoing NSM for invasive cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Patient and disease characteristics were compared by procedure year, while complications were compared by procedure year using generalized mixed-effects models accounting for a random surgeon effect. Overall survival and time to recurrence were examined. RESULTS: Of the 467 therapeutic NSMs, 337 (72%) were invasive cancer, 126 (27%) were DCIS, and 4 (1%) ...
Source: Ann Oncol - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Ann Surg Oncol Source Type: research
In this study, we examine the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes of therapeutic NSM.MethodsFrom 2003 to 2016, women undergoing NSM for invasive cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Patient and disease characteristics were compared by procedure year, while complications were compared by procedure year using generalized mixed-effects models accounting for a random surgeon effect. Overall survival and time to recurrence were examined.ResultsOf the 467 therapeutic NSMs, 337 (72%) were invasive cancer, 126 (27%) were DCIS, and 4 (1%) were phyllodes t...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionDirect-to-implant IBR after skin-sparing mastectomy is a viable option for breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.ResumenIntroducciónLa reconstrucción inmediata (RMI) tras mastectomía en pacientes que han recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) sigue siendo controvertida. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar y comparar resultados oncológicos y las tasas de complicaciones y reintervención en pacientes sometidas a QTNA y un grupo control.MétodosAnálisis observacional retrospectivo de casos-controles. Pacientes con cáncer de mama inter...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundNeoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer increases breast-conserving surgery (BCS) rates, but many women opt for mastectomy with contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). Here we evaluate factors associated with CPM use in women undergoing mastectomy post-NAC.MethodsA retrospective institutional NAC database review identified women with clinical stage I-III, unilateral invasive breast cancer undergoing unilateral mastectomy (UM) or CPM mastectomy from 9/2013 to 12/2017. Clinical/pathologic characteristics, imaging, and presence of contraindications to BCS post-NAC were compared, with subset ana...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewInflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer with poor prognosis. Treatment for non-metastatic disease is neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by mastectomy and radiation. IBC diagnosis is primarily a clinical diagnosis, which can lead to misdiagnosis and delayed management. In addition, there are no molecular criteria for diagnosis or therapeutic regimens developed specifically for IBC. We aimed to discuss recent developments in IBC, including diagnosis, molecular mechanisms, and treatment.Recent FindingsRecently, the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and the Am...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to determine factors related with axillary downstaging and complete pathological response (CPR), and how CPR influences the decision to perform bilateral mastectomy with immediate reduction. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of breast cancer patients who had undergone neoadjuvant chemotherapy and bilateral mastectomy with immediate reduction between 2000-2018 was performed. Two groups were compared:1) CPR and 2) non-CPR. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses are provided. RESULTS: 69 patients; 26 (37.68%) reached CPR and 43 (62.32%) non-CPR. Median follow-up of 45.3 month...
Source: Cirugia eEspanola - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Cir Esp Source Type: research
Abstract Management strategy of micro or macro metastatic sentinel lymph node(s) (SLNs) in breast cancer has dramatically changed over the past ten years and the publication of five randomized trials results: ACOSOG Z0011, IBCSG 23-01, and AATRM comparing axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) versus SLNs biopsy alone; and AMAROS and OTOASOR comparing ALND versus axillary radiotherapy. Despite methodological limitations of several of these trials, notably ACOSOG Z0011, the international recommendations (ASCO, NCCN) and the expert consensus of St Gallen do not recommend the performance of a complementary ALND in cas...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusion: This is a preliminary study to show that a KPIF could be considered as a method for defect-resurfacing reconstruction after mastectomy.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Immediate reconstruction after mastectomy helps women manage the psychological impact of deforming surgery. Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) can negatively impact the aesthetic result after breast reconstruction. We performed this study to achieve a better understanding of how PMRT is used after reconstruction in our institution. We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all women who underwent mastectomy for invasive breast cancer followed by immediate reconstruction from 2006 to 2017. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether PMRT was included ...
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
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