The future of biometrics in policing worldwide

Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): Jason TooleyThe use of biometrics by police forces has rarely been out of the headlines over the past year. As with many emerging technologies, it has hit significant hurdles. Recently in an unprecedented move, the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) – the government body responsible for GDPR and data privacy enforcement – launched an independent investigation into the use of facial recognition at London's King's Cross train station, after it was revealed that the general public were having their faces scanned without consent. This scandal triggered the halt of police biometric trials across the country, while the South Wales Police force was taken to court over a similar issue.
Source: Biometric Technology Today - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

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This study compared biointeractivity (pH of soaking water and calcium ions), porosity, water sorption, solubility, compressive strength, lap shear strength, as well as the apatite forming ability of three calcium silicate-based capping materials: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Biodentine (BD) and Tech Biosealer capping (BS).MethodsOne hundred and five discs of the tested materials were prepared in compliance with the manufacturer’s instructions. The materials' pastes were placed in Teflon molds and allowed to set before testing. The pH and Ca+2 ions were measured by a potentiometric method. Porosity, water sorptio...
Source: The Saudi Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The proposed web-based deep learning approach can be very practical and accurate for spine segmentation as a diagnostic method. PMID: 32082701 [PubMed]
Source: Healthcare Informatics Research - Category: Information Technology Tags: Healthc Inform Res Source Type: research
Publication date: 20 April 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 591Author(s): Annia Gómez Pérez, Eduardo González-Martínez, Carlos R. Díaz Águila, David A. González-Martínez, Gustavo González Ruiz, Aymed García Artalejo, Hernani Yee-MadeiraAbstractThe obtention and purification of DNA and recombinant proteins are critical steps in the biotech industries. In this research, the use of chitosan-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles as magnetic nano-adsorbent was investigated. Iron oxide nanoparticles were o...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
The objective of this work has been to develop a template for the design and characterization of dried nanoemulsion (NE) for oral administration of hydrophobic compounds. A rational optimization of the nanosystem using an experimental design was performed to achieve stable NE of 100 nm with a neutral surface potential. NE were able to efficiently encapsulate the model drug tacrolimus, providing a sustained drug release in both simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and simulated intestinal fluid in fasted state (FaSSIF-V2). To improve long-term physical stability and overcome the major challenge related with the production o...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, a pristine biochar (BC) and Fe-Mn binary oxide-biochar (FMBC) were prepared using Pennisetum sp. straw as the feedstock for Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and specific surface area (SSA) analyses revealed the physico-chemical characteristics of the pristine and designer adsorbents, suggesting that an ultrasonic treatment during synthesis enhanced the SSA and pore volume of the BC, and assisted succes...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsCT angiography imaging findings have the potential to identify patients with head and neck cancer at higher risk of bleeding.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionReliable iodine quantification can be achieved using dual-source CT, but the result can be affected by patient size and dose rate. In large patients, biases may occur due to the beam-hardening and the photon-starvation effects, in which case higher dose rate and higher kVp are recommended to minimize these effects.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionHigh-quality CT and CT angiography can be achieved in ECMO patients of different ages and clinical issues considering the type of ECMO circulation, ECMO cannulation sites, preferred contrast phase and anatomy of interest. CT diagnoses affect the treatment of the patient.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This novel digital altered cast impression technique may eliminate interoperator variability and increase precision compared with the traditional technique. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This technique showed the potential for reducing clinical appointments, chair time, and laboratory procedures. PMID: 32081301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research
ConclusionsParticipants described how abusive partners may attempt to control or discredit their partners in pediatric healthcare settings, using subtle behaviors that may be easily missed by the healthcare team. These results set the stage for further research and clinical practice innovation including triangulating the findings with IPV survivors, examining how frequently these behaviors occur, and developing multidisciplinary IPV training for the pediatric healthcare team.
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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