Model predicts metastases in endometrial cancer patients

Using ultrasound in combination with endometrial biopsy results and clinical...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MRI helps predict outcomes of endometriosis surgery PET/CT makes case for directing cervical cancer treatment Contrast ultrasound identifies early cervical cancer
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Over the last years, increasing evidence has focused on crucial pathogenetic role of PRL on malignant, premalignant and benign uterine diseases. Studies in animals and humans have documented that PRL receptors (PRL-Rs) are widely expressed on uterine cells and that PRL is directly synthesized by the endometrium under the stimulatory action of progesterone. Uterine PRL secretion is finely modulated by autocrine/paracrine mechanisms which do not depend on the same control factors implied in the regulation of PRL secretion from pituitary. On the other hand, PRL is synthesized also in the myometrium and directly promotes uteri...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cervical Carcinoma;   Endometrial Carcinoma;   Endometriosis;   Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Interventions:   Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment;   Other: Questionnaire Administration;   Radiation: Radiation Therapy Sponsors:   Mayo Clinic;   National Cancer Institute (NCI) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This article focuses on advanced MR imaging techniques of the female pelvis and clinical applications for benign and malignant disease. General and abbreviated protocols for female pelvic MR imaging are reviewed. Diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging, and susceptibility-weighted imaging are discussed in the context of adnexal mass characterization using the ADNEx-MR scoring system, evaluation of endometriosis, local staging of cervical and endometrial cancers, assessment of nodal and peritoneal metastasis, and potential detection of leiomyosarcoma. MR defecography is also discussed regarding eval...
Source: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that 35% (7/20) of HSIL-confirmed biopsies previously had negative HPV assays. Despite the previous negative HPV tests, a wide variety of HPV genotypes has been detected in most biopsies. In our case, we frequently identified the HPV 59 and 45 strains, 51 cases with HSIL lesions presented a first positive HPV test, 13 cases with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) showed three negative HPV tests. Prevention plays an important role in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer cases. The Pap test is now considered the primary prevention method, but consecutive vaccination sign...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present literature supports the pre-existing evidence suggesting an association between ovarian cancer and endometriosis and specifically its two histologic subtypes (endometrioid and ovarian clear cell cancer). The most recent population-based epidemiological studies cannot provide a clear association between endometriosis and endometrial, cervical or breast cancer.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, low-certainty evidence for hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy operations suggests that complication rates for robot-assisted surgery might be similar to those for conventional laparoscopic surgery. Things are more uncertain for gynaecological cancer, where we found no comparative evidence on cancer recurrence or survival after the surgery. As robot-assisted surgery depends on the skill and experience of the surgeon and is expensive, evaluating its effectiveness and safety continues to present a challenge; but this needs to be met if we are to have reliable evidence on its potential benefits and harms.Read the C...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Ferreira H, Smith AV, Wattiez A Abstract The present review aims to analyze the current data available on the different applications of indocyanine green (ICG) in gynecology. A semantic review of English-language publications was performed by searching for MeSH terms and keywords in the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. The studies were finally selected by one author according to the aim of this review. ICG is a highly water-soluble tricarbocyanine dye that fluoresces in the NIR spectrum. Approved by the FDA in 1959, it can be administered either IV (usual dose of 5 mg) or locally/submucosally (usual do...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
In this study, vaginal microbiome was divided in five biotypes, being four of them dominated by lactobacilli and considered as healthy (pH 5.0) and higher diversity. In a healthy status, microbiota is balanced and forms a stable ecological unit dominated by Lactobacillus species, which fixes pH below 5.0 and controls non-desirable groups. In a pathogenic process, the microbiome shifts to a dysbiotic state, in which lactobacilli drop, pH is increased to values above 4.5 and other groups such as Gardnerella, Atopobium, Prevotella, and Streptococcus, among others, can overgrow (Srinivasan et al., 2012). Short chain fatty acid...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The excess risk of ovarian cancer among women with ovarian endometriosis translates into two excess cases per 1,000 patients followed for 10 years. Acknowledging these risks is important when planning long-term management of women with endometriosis. PMID: 29742675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Mesonephric adenocarcinoma most commonly arises in the cervix and is presumed to be derived from normal or hyperplastic mesonephric remnants. It is characterized by recurrent KRAS mutations and lack of PIK3CA/PTEN alterations. Adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus and ovary characterized by morphologic and immunophenotypic similarities to mesonephric adenocarcinoma have been reported. The pathogenesis of these tumors, which have been designated “mesonephric-like adenocarcinomas” is unknown, and it has been debated whether these represent mesonephric adenocarcinomas that arise in the endometrium/ovary or endomet...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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