Dental caries in a South African adult population: findings from the Cape Town Vascular and Metabolic Health Study

This article reports on the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) scores in relation to demographic characteristics for a mixed‐ancestry South African population.MethodsThis cross ‐sectional epidemiological study was part of the ongoing Cape Town Bellville South Vascular and Metabolic Health Study. Each participant signed an informed consent form prior to enrolling in the study. During a clinical examination, DMFT score and components were recorded for each participant. Dat a analysis was performed with the statistical Package STATA 15.ResultsA sample of 1,885 participants was included in the study. Sixty ‐eight percent of the population experienced high DMFT scores. Mean DMFT score increased with age from 5 (≤ 24‐year‐old group) to 32 (≥ 75‐year‐old group,P 
Source: International Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Scientific Research Report Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONThe total prevalence of oral diseases, especially dental caries and dental fluorosis were 27.40% and 1.8% respectively.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: There is evidence of antimicrobial activity in M. dubia. Its study as an antimicrobial against oral microorganisms is still incipient, but there is great potential thanks to the potent phytochemicals it contains. Also, additional quality studies are required: comparing their activity versus oral antiseptics and on microorganisms associated with dental caries and periodontal disease. PMID: 31967248 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Conclusion. It was concluded that Eudragit L-100 and PVP-I-coated dental floss represented a potential therapeutic agent to prevent periodontal diseases and dental caries and exhibited non-toxicity to periodontal ligament cells. PMID: 31976854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
u Cheng The oral cavity is a unique complex ecosystem colonized with huge numbers of microorganism species. Oral cavities are closely associated with oral health and sequentially with systemic health. Many factors might cause the shift of composition of oral microbiota, thus leading to the dysbiosis of oral micro-environment and oral infectious diseases. Local therapies and dental hygiene procedures are the main kinds of treatment. Currently, oral drug delivery systems (DDS) have drawn great attention, and are considered as important adjuvant therapy for oral infectious diseases. DDS are devices that could transpor...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
(American Chemical Society) Cavities, or dental caries, are the most widespread non-communicable disease globally, according to the World Health Organization. Having a cavity drilled and filled at the dentist's office can be painful, but untreated caries could lead to worse pain, tooth loss, infection, and even illness or death. Now, researchers in ACS Applied Materials&Interfaces report a bioactive peptide that coats tooth surfaces, helping prevent new cavities and heal existing ones in lab experiments.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
AbstractThe aim of this controlled randomized double-blinded clinical trial was to evaluate the use of a CO2 laser with or without topical application of acidulated fluorides in the prevention of dental caries in partially erupted first permanent molars. We selected 61 healthy children at high risk of caries, all between 6 and 8 (7.1  ± 0.8) years of age and with 4 partially erupted first permanent molars. A CO2 laser device emitting at 10.6  μm was used (0.5 W, 0.05 mJ per pulse, 10 kHz). Each first molar in an individual was randomly assigned to one treatment: (L) CO2 laser (0....
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Khan The aims of this study were to evaluate oral health knowledge and assess the practice of preventive measures for oral health care among intermediate schoolchildren in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Information about oral health was collected through a questionnaire containing closed-ended questions, which was distributed to children of six randomly selected intermediate schools. Most (82.3%) of the schoolchildren were aware that good oral health is important for general health. The priority for oral health information was given to dentists (31.6%), whereas teachers were given the least priority (19.1%). About half (53.5%) ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractGlucosyltransferases (Gtfs), represented by GtfB and GtfC, are important virulence factors ofStreptococcus mutans and the major etiologic pathogens of tooth decay. However, the individual roles ofgtfB andgtfC in the initial attachment ofS. mutan are not known. We used atomic force microscopy to explore the contribution ofgtfB andgtfC, as well as enamel ‐surface roughness, on the initial attachment ofS. mutans. Adhesion forces of fourS. mutans strains (wild ‐type, ΔgtfB, ΔgtfC and ΔgtfBC), onto etched enamel surfaces, were determined.Force curves showed that, with increasing etching time from 0...
Source: Molecular Oral Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
This study aims to assess mother ’s knowledge and practice towards the effects of iron supplement use on dental caries and staining of 6 months to 2 year‑old children in Yazd, Iran.Methods and Material: A randomized cross-sectional study was conducted among 403 mother– child (between 6 monthsTo 2 years) pairs who referred to health service centres in Yazd in 2011. Using a questionnaire, we assessed mother's knowledge and practice, and categorized it as sufficient or insufficient. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results: Knowledge, and practice was sufficient in 241 (59.8%), and 273 (67.7%) m...
Source: Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Condition:   Dental Caries in Children Intervention:   Other: dental caries, growth parametres Sponsor:   Bezmialem Vakif University Active, not recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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