Use of Stent Grafts to Preserve a Large Inferior Mesenteric Artery during Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 30, Issue 12Author(s): Ali Alsafi, Michael P. Jenkins, Mohamad S. Hamady
Both the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence are re-evaluating their screening paradigms for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Currently, most countries that screen for AAA do so only in male ever-smokers between the ages of 65 and 75 years and in patients with a family history of AAA. However, these recommendations are based primarily on screening trials predating the endovascular era. The wider applicability of endovascular aneurysm repair and its safety profile, especially in the elderly, have changed the risk-benefit of rep air and, by extension, screening.
Open abdominal aortic aneurysm (oAAA) repair in the era of advanced endovascular aortic techniques is used in challenging anatomy. The impact of the location of the proximal aortic cross-clamp (suprarenal [SR] vs infrarenal [IR]) on outcomes remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of proximal aortic cross-clamp location on short-term and overall survival after oAAA repair in a contemporary series.
Concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and the requirement for explantation of stents in the case of infection demonstrate the continued need for open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, with the increased complexity and decreasing volume of open cases performed, maintenance of skills and training of younger surgeons are challenging. The aim of this review was to identify and to examine studies pertaining to open AAA simulation, with focus on methods and outcomes.
Objectives The aim of this study was to compare image quality, conspicuity, and endoleak detection between single-energy low-kV images (SEIs) and dual-energy low-keV virtual monoenergetic images (VMIs+) in computed tomography angiography of the aorta after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods An abdominal aortic aneurysm phantom simulating 36 endoleaks (2 densities; diameters: 2, 4, and 6 mm) in a medium- and large-sized patient was used. Each size was scanned using single-energy at 80 kVp (A) and 100 kVp (B), and dual-energy at 80/Sn150kVp for the medium (C) and 90/Sn150kVp for the large size (D). VMIs+ at 40 k...
We would like to congratulate Antoniou et al. for their timely overview and meta-analysis, comparing long term outcomes of the randomised trials of open surgical repair (OSR) vs. endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).1 The strengths of this review are the inclusion of long term results from the OVER trial, published recently, and early resu lts from a small, but previously unidentified, Chinese randomised trial.2,3
CONCLUSIONS: So far, several balloon-expandable stent-grafts have been used as bridging stents during FEVAR but the ideal bridging stent-graft is far to be designed. The better understanding of the system FEVAR-native aorta and the strict collaboration and exchange of expertise between physicians and engineers are mandatory in order to increase the performances of these important components and to reduce re-interventions and complications in FEVAR. PMID: 31815375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This meta-analysis sought to identify the mortality and ambulatory state 30 days and one year post-operatively in octogenarians treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open repair (OR). rAAA is a life threatening emergency occurring increasingly in octogenarians. Surgical treatment, open or endovascular, offers the only chance of survival albeit with significant mortality and morbidity rates and a high burden to society. In order to make an informed decision on management, contemporary treatment outcomes should be known.
CONCLUSION: The 30 day and one year mortality rates for rAAA repair in octogenarians are similar to the outcome at all ages, with a significant survival advantage of EVAR over OR. Patients should therefore not be denied treatment of a rAAA based on age alone. PMID: 31810836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Introduction - Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) has replaced open surgery in patients with suitable anatomy due to its low perioperative morbidity and mortality rates. In the context of an ageing population, EVAR has become the standard approach to managing aneurysmal disease in the elderly. However, long-term outcomes in older patients are unclear.
Introduction - Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA) is defined as an infrarenal AAA that is adjacent to or involving the lower margin of the renal artery origins1. Recently, promising results have been reported in peer reviewed journals after fenestrated and chimney graft approaches to repair of JAAA2,3. Open repair, fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) and chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (Ch-EVAR) are effective methods to treat this condition, but the comparative effectiveness of these treatment modalities is unclear4.