Malaria fighting soup? How a school experiment discovered findings on homemade cures
A school project on traditional soups illustrates the mysterious world of science and how solutions might be found in ancient ways.
Authors: Montenegro-Idrogo JJ, Vargas-Gonzales R, Sihuincha M Abstract The clinical signs of malaria in HIV patients may vary depending on the immunological status of the patient. Nationally, evidence regarding co-infection is scarce. This research describes four cases from a hospital in Iquitos, Peru, of patients diagnosed with HIV infection and a positive blood test for malaria. Two of these patients had Plasmodium falciparum infection, and two had Plasmodium vivax infection. One of the patients was in the AIDS stage with poor adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), and the other three were in the...
Authors: Bartra-More CA, Ramos-Castillo J, Mendoza-Bautista RC, Galindo-Cabello NR, Gebol-Cahuaza M, Chirinos-Palomino FJ Abstract Timely diagnosis of malaria is a strategy proposed by the World Health Organization to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality. A study was conducted to assess performance in microscopic diagnosis of malaria in the network of laboratories under the National Malaria Reference Laboratory of the National Institute of Health between 2012 and 2017. In the years of study, the laboratories obtained a rating of "acceptable" in the diagnosis of Plasmodium by 38.4%, 43.7%, 60.0%, 83.3%, ...
Conclusion: Identity between samples and phylogenetic tree revealed that there is an extensive diversity range among isolates. Fifty percent of the isolates were under the risk of complicated malaria. Two of these patients (10%) needed special care and recovery was obtained after getting hospital services. PMID: 31803782 [PubMed]
Conclusion: The mosquito collected and mapped can be considered for transmission of malaria and filariasis in the region. Bearing in mind the results of niche modeling for vector species, more studies on vectorial capacity and resistance status to different insecticides of these species are recommended. PMID: 31803777 [PubMed]
Conclusion: Some investigations have reported An. martinius as a member of sibling species of An. sacharovi among Iranian Anopheles genus; while based on our study, there was no evidence of the presence of this species in north and northwest of Iran. PMID: 31803774 [PubMed]
Conditions: Pregnancy Malaria; Bacterial Vaginoses; Trichomonas Vaginitis Interventions: Drug: IPTp-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine plus metronidazole; Drug: IPTp-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine plus metronidazole; Drug: IPTp-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine Sponsor: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Not yet recruiting
Call for inquiry into pace of improvement amid statistical inconsistencies
Nature, Published online: 06 December 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03788-7Piped-in sounds of a healthy reef tempt young fish to re-colonize degraded areas. Plus: The San Andreas and Cascadia earthquake faults might be linked and how to build a better malaria vaccine.
Malaria is caused by unicellular apicomplexan parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which includes the major human parasite Plasmodium falciparum. The complex cycle of the malaria parasite in both mosquito and human hosts has been studied extensively. There is tight control of gene expression in each developmental stage, and at every level of gene synthesis: from RNA transcription, to its subsequent translation, and finally post-translational modifications of the resulting protein. Whole-genome sequencing of P. falciparum has laid the foundation for significant biological advances by revealing surprising genomic information. ...
[Monitor] Uganda has again been named one of six African countries that account for more than half of all malaria cases in the world, according to the 2019 World Malaria report released yesterday.