Significance of the Marginal Mandibular Branch in Relation to Facial Palsy Reconstruction: Assessment of Microanatomy and Macroanatomy Including Axonal Load in 96 Facial Halves

Background The marginal mandibular branch (MMB) of the facial nerve provides lower lip symmetry apparent during human smile or crying and is mandatory for vocal phonation. In treating facial palsy patients, so far, little attention is directed at the MMB in facial reanimation surgery. However, isolated paralysis may occur congenital, in Bell's palsy or iatrogenic during surgery, prone to its anatomical course. A variety of therapies address symmetry with either weakening of the functional side or reconstruction of the paralyzed side. To further clarify the histoanatomic basis of facial reanimation procedures using nerve transfers, we conducted a human cadaver study examining macroanatomical and microanatomical features of the MMB including its axonal capacity. Methods Nerve biopsies of the MMB were available from 96 facial halves. Histological processing, digitalization, nerve morphometry investigation, and semiautomated axonal quantification were performed. Statistical analysis was conducted with P
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Peripheral Nerve Surgery and Research Source Type: research

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This study investigated the outcome of lower eyelid ectropion (LEE) treatment in patients with another primary periorbital or mid-facial pathology.Materials and MethodsThis 18-year monocentric retrospective cohort study included patients admitted for various leading mid-facial pathologies and presenting with a LEE. The primary diagnosis, surgical pretreatment, ectropion type, ectropion severity score (ESS), and surgical techniques were recorded. The primary endpoint was the postoperative ESS score.ResultsOverall, 40 patients (female n=16, male n=24, average age 70.8 years), primarily with periorbital skin cancer (n=21, 52....
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study confirmed the feasibility and effectiveness of grafted muscle functional recovery and the efficiency of neuromuscular neurotization. The presented surgical technique is safe and effective for treating longstanding facial palsy of the orbicularis oculi muscle. This is the only technique that is easy and reproducible, leads to facial nerve recovery, and places a similar muscle at the original site of the paralyzed muscle for functional recovery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Head and Neck: Original Articles Source Type: research
I'm not here to piss and moan about how bad it is for pharmacy job prospects. I need to get sound advice on how to improve my odds of landing my first pharmacist gig. Here's my situation. Phoenix, AZ area. Have shared custody of my child so can't move. Residency off the table as am single parent. Graduated in June and came down with Bell's palsy so had delayed licensing (**** was no joke, laid me out). I've applied to every retail, mail order, hospital and pbm in the area.... nothing. I'm an... Help getting first gig!
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Job Market Source Type: forums
Conclusions: Because serum serology can be negative at presentation, lumbar puncture is a valuable tool when diagnosing LB among children with facial palsy. Pleocytosis and increased protein and CXCL13 values in the CSF suggest LB as the cause of facial palsy.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Hui-fang MAO, Wei HUANG, De-guang DING, Min YAO, Ting ZHANG, Bei XIAOABSTRACTObjectiveTo observe the differences in the clinical effect on Bell's palsy at the acute stage and the recover stage, as well as the differences in the clinical effect between the simple acupuncture-moxibustion therapy and the combined therapy of acupuncture-moxibustion and western medication, explore the optimal intervention time point and therapeutic regimen.MethodsAll of the patients were collected from the outpatients and the inpatien...
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: AFP is an uncommon but important diagnosis. We present two cases and systematically review the literature to discuss the diagnosis and management of AFP.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: FACIAL NERVE Source Type: research
Conclusions: The recovery rate was higher for concurrent intratympanic steroid therapy treatment than for standard-of-care control treatment, regardless of whether steroid with lower or equivalent glucocorticoid action was administered. This result suggests that concurrent treatment with intratympanic steroid therapy is a potentially beneficial supplement to systemic steroid administration.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: FACIAL NERVE Source Type: research
Conclusion: Additional beneficial treatment effect was not observed with adjuvant IT-DEX. Thus, the use of IT-DEX for APFP should be reconsidered until scientific evidence for the basis of its use is established.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: FACIAL NERVE Source Type: research
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