Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4487: Packaging Technology for an Implantable Inner Ear MEMS Microphone
Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4487: Packaging Technology for an Implantable Inner Ear MEMS Microphone Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19204487 Authors: Prochazka Huber Dobrev Harris Dalbert Röösli Obrist Pfiffner Current cochlear implant (CI) systems provide substantial benefits for patients with severe hearing loss. However, they do not allow for 24/7 hearing, mainly due to the external parts that cannot be worn in all everyday situations. One of the key missing parts for a totally implantable CI (TICI) is the microphone, which thus far has not been implantable. The goal of the current project was to develop a concept for a packaging technology for state-of-the-art microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) microphones that record the liquid-borne sound inside the inner ear (cochlea) as a microphone signal input for a TICI. The packaging concept incorporates requirements, such as biocompatibility, long-term hermeticity, a high sensing performance and a form factor that allows sensing inside the human cochlea and full integration into the existing CI electrode array. The present paper (1) describes the sensor packaging concept and the corresponding numerical and experimental design verification process and (2) gives insight into new engineering solutions for sensor packaging. Overall, a packaging concept was developed that enables MEMS microphone technology to be used for a TICI system.
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Sohail Mumtaz, Pradeep Bhartiya, Neha Kaushik, Manish Adhikari, Pradeep Lamichhane, Su-Jae Lee, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha ChoiAbstractOver the past few decades, microwave (MW) radiation has been widely used, and its biological effects have been extensively investigated. However, the effect of MW radiation on human skin biology is not well understood. We study the effects of pulsed high-power microwaves (HPMs) on melanoma (G361 and SK-Mel-31) and normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) cells. A pulsed power generator (Chundo...
Passive measles immunity waned quickly, and most infants were no longer protected from measles by age 3 months, a study found; US experts say the age of vaccination should remain the same.Medscape Medical News
Suresh K. Mukherji
SURESH K. MUKHERJI, MD, MBA, FACR
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
Resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) has been widely studied in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and is observed by a significant temporal correlation of spontaneous low-frequency signal fluctuations (SLFs) both within and across hemispheres during rest. Different hypotheses of RSFC include the biophysical origin hypothesis and cognitive origin hypothesis, which show that the role of SLFs and RSFC is still not completely understood. Furthermore, RSFC and age studies have shown an “age-related compensation” phenomenon. RSFC data analysis methods include time domain analysis, seed-based correl...
ConclusionLL/MLD4, MLA, MLD, the degree of luminal diameter stenosis, CCO, RI, and %APV derived from cCTA can support the detection of hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis as compared with iFR®, with LL/MLD4 showing the greatest discriminatory power.