A survey on ensemble learning

AbstractDespite significant successes achieved in knowledge discovery, traditional machine learning methods may fail to obtain satisfactory performances when dealing with complex data, such as imbalanced, high-dimensional, noisy data, etc. The reason behind is that it is difficult for these methods to capture multiple characteristics and underlying structure of data. In this context, it becomes an important topic in the data mining field that how to effectively construct an efficient knowledge discovery and mining model. Ensemble learning, as one research hot spot, aims to integrate data fusion, data modeling, and data mining into a unified framework. Specifically, ensemble learning firstly extracts a set of features with a variety of transformations. Based on these learned features, multiple learning algorithms are utilized to produce weak predictive results. Finally, ensemble learning fuses the informative knowledge from the above results obtained to achieve knowledge discovery and better predictive performance via voting schemes in an adaptive way. In this paper, we review the research progress of the mainstream approaches of ensemble learning and classify them based on different characteristics. In addition, we present challenges and possible research directions for each mainstream approach of ensemble learning, and we also give an extra introduction for the combination of ensemble learning with other machine learning hot spots such as deep learning, reinforcement learnin...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the optimized LME system demonstrated excellent physicochemical properties, enhanced oral bioavailability and superior brain-targeting capability. These findings provide a basis for the applications of ME-based strategy in brain-targeted delivery via oral route, especially for poorly water-soluble drugs. PMID: 31738085 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Wang X, Qi F, Xing H, Zhang X, Lu C, Zheng J, Ren X Abstract Poor initial stability at the first four weeks after surgery is becoming the major causes for metal implant failure. Previous attempts neglected the control release of insulin for the bone regeneration among nondiabetic subjects. The major reason may lie in the adverse effects, such as attenuated bone formation, hypoglycemia or hyperinsulinemia, that caused by the excessive insulin. Thus, spatiotemporal release of insulin may serve as the promising strategy. To address this, through solvent extraction (EMS), solvent evaporation (SMS) and cosolven...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In this study, a stable topical delivery system for efinaconazole (EFN) was designed to enhance absorption potential through the skin and nail plate by incorporating ethanol, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (Transcutol P) and isopropyl myristate, and cyclomethicone into the topical solution as a delivery vehicle, permeation enhancers, and a wetting agent, respectively. In addition, the stability of EFN in the formulation was significantly improved by adding butylated hydroxytoluene, diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, and citric acid as an antioxidant, chelating agent, and pH-adjusting agent, respectively, without disco...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Tong Y, Zhang Q, Shi W, Wang J Abstract In the present study, a water insoluble drug named silybin was encapsulated into self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) following the preparation of silybin-phospholipid complex (SB-PC), then several methods were carried out to characterize SB-PC-SNEDDS and elucidate its mechanisms to improve the oral absorption of SB. Using a dynamic in vitro digestion model, the lipolysis of SB-PC-SNEDDS was proved to be mainly related with the property of its lipid excipients. SB-PC-SNEDDS could significantly enhance the transport of SB across Caco-2 cells, which ...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Fang L, Zhang W, Wang Z, Fan X, Cheng Z, Hou X, Chen D Abstract Stability in systemic circulation, effective tumor accumulation, and the subsequent crucial subcellular targeting are significant elements that maximize the therapeutic efficacy of a drug. Accordingly, novel nanoparticles based on polysaccharides that simultaneously presented prolonged systemic circulation and mitochondrial-targeted drug release were synthesized. First, the mitochondrial-targeted polymer, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl propionic acid-chitosan oligosaccharide-dithiodipropionic acid-berberine (DHPA-CDB), was synthesized, which was used to ...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: El Menshawe SF, Nafady MM, Aboud HM, Kharshoum RM, Elkelawy AMMH, Hamad DS Abstract The current study aimed to encapsulate fluvastatin sodium (FVS), a member of the statins family possessing pleiotropic effects in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), into spanlastic nanovesicles (SNVs) for transdermal delivery. This novel delivery could surmount FVS associated oral encumbrances such as apparent first-pass effect, poor bioavailability and short elimination half-life, hence, accomplishing platform for management of RA. To consummate this objective, FVS-loaded SNVs were elaborated by thin film hydration method, utilizi...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Eprinomectin nanoemulgel for transdermal delivery against endoparasites and ectoparasites: preparation, in vitro and in vivo evaluation. Drug Deliv. 2019 Dec;26(1):1104-1114 Authors: Mao Y, Chen X, Xu B, Shen Y, Ye Z, Chaurasiya B, Liu L, Li Y, Xing X, Chen D Abstract Nanoemulgels are composed of O/W nanoemulsion and hydrogels and are considered as ideal carriers for the transdermal drug delivery because these have high affinity to load hydrophobic drugs. The stable formulation of eprinomectin (EPR) is very challenging because of it is high hydrophobic nature. In this work, we have prepared E...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrates the concept of combining docetaxel with the biodegradable microparticles at the point of care is technically feasible for achieving an effective drug-device combination tissue scaffold. This approach could provide an effective new approach for delivering adjuvant chemotherapy following radical prostatectomy. PMID: 31735095 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In this study, a redox-sensitive CPT-OA conjugate containing the disulfide bond (CPT-SS-OA) was used to deliver the lactone-stabilized CPT for the improved antitumor efficacy. A non-sensitive CPT-OA was used as control to illuminate the role of disulfide bond. Both CPT-SS-OA and CPT-OA formulated in cremophor EL micelles (CM) displayed multiple therapeutic advantages: small diameter (∼14 nm), efficient cellular internalization, prolonged blood circulation, and favorable biodistribution. However, only CPT-SS-OA/CM achieved the superior chemotherapeutic efficacy over CPT solution in the Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cancer ...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Zan Y, Dai Z, Liang L, Deng Y, Dong L Abstract Sorafenib (SOR) is a multi-kinase inhibitor that was approved as the first-line systematic treatment agent of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the anti-cancerous effect of SOR is dramatically impaired by the drug resistance, insufficient accumulation at tumor tissues, and limited tumor inner penetration. To combat the above issues, the PLA-based nanoparticles were first fabricated and co-loaded with SOR and plantamajoside (PMS), natural herbal medicines that possess excellent anti-cancerous effect on many types of drug resistant cancers. Then, the poly...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
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