The Vagus Nerve and the Celiaco-mesenteric Ganglia Participate in the Feeding Responses Evoked by Non-sulfated Cholecystokinin-8 in Male Sprague Dawley Rats
Objectives: Celiac disease (CD) is a common chronic condition with potential adverse physical and psychosocial implications for affected children. The study purpose was to characterize health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a large sample of pediatric patients with newly diagnosed CD using the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales, and compare it to that of healthy children and children with nonceliac gastrointestinal (GI) conditions using historic data. Methods: The PedsQL was administered to 159 children with newly diagnosed CD and their parents at either the time of diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy or before their...
Conclusion: The GFD-PCS measures patient-perceived dietary competence for maintaining a GFD. The scale is psychometrically robust and provides a useful tool in assessing patients' difficulties with a GFD. PMID: 31738623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
(University of Missouri-Columbia) Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome 21, occurs in 250,000 children and adults in the United States, making it the country's most common chromosomal disorder. Inherited heart defects, thyroid cancer, celiac disease and developmental disabilities are common Down syndrome complications. Only recently has catatonia, a behavioral condition marked by new onset immobility, mutism, withdrawal and other behavioral abnormalities, been recognized in Down syndrome.
Conclusions: The limited evidence calls for high-quality prospective cohort studies to be arranged to clarify the exact role of follow-up histology in celiac disease.
AbstractCeliac disease is caused by an abnormal intestinal T cell response to cereal gluten proteins. The disease has a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association, and CD4+ T cells recognizing gluten epitopes presented by disease-associated HLA-DQ allotypes are considered to be drivers of the disease. This paper provides an update of the currently known HLA-DQ restricted gluten T cell epitopes with their names and sequences.
CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of CeD in our patients with IBD was higher than that reported in the literature for other series of patients with IBD. A combination of anti-tTG testing and CeD genetics may screen patients for CeD in this population of patients with IBD. PMID: 31718200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
There is an unmet need for novel treatments, such as drugs or vaccines, adjunctive to or replacing a burdensome life-long gluten-free diet for coeliac disease. The gold standard for successful treatment is a h...
Mucosal Immunology, Published online: 14 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41385-019-0222-9Single-cell TCR sequencing of gut intraepithelial γδ T cells reveals a vast and diverse repertoire in celiac disease
Conclusions The long-term risks of autoimmune disorders are significantly higher in patients with allergic diseases. Allergic diseases and autoimmune disorders show age- and sex-related clustering patterns.
We describe a case of a 76-year-old Caucasian male who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with weight loss, abdominal pain, and multiple episodes of vomiting and diarrhea. He underwent a laparotomy with an intraluminal mass seen in the cecum. Histology showed atypical intermediate- to large-sized cells involving the full thickness of the bowel wall with numerous mitotic figures and apoptotic bodies. The adjacent uninvolved mucosa demonstrated villous blunting, increased intraepithelial lymphocytes, crypt elongation, and lamina propria plasmacytosis, consistent with the celiac enteropathy. Rare large transformed cel...