Help-seeking attitudes and experiences in individuals affected by skin picking

Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Christina Gallinat, Markus Moessner, Holger A. Haenssle, Julia K. Winkler, Matthias Backenstrass, Stephanie BauerAbstractSkin picking disorder is accompanied by substantial psychosocial impairment and requires adequate treatment. However, literature on help-seeking attitudes and healthcare utilization in affected individuals is scarce. Therefore, the present study sought to investigate help-seeking behavior and experiences, as well as attitudes and expectations towards healthcare utilization in individuals with skin picking.The current sample consisted of 133 affected individuals (mean age: M = 26.67, SD = 6.42; 93.2% female), enrolled in a pilot study examining an Internet-based self-help program for skin picking. Data were assessed via self-report within the online baseline assessment prior to randomization. Most participants reported a positive helpfulness expectancy towards professional support for skin picking, and 42% (N = 56) had sought help in at least one professional contact point. While psychotherapists and psychologists were commonly rated as helpful (76.0%/63.2%), dermatological counseling and treatments were mostly not perceived as helpful (83.9%). Common reasons for not seeking help were a low perceived need for treatment, insecurity about treatment providers and their expertise, as well as shame.The present results suggest tha...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Javad Mohammadian, Hossein Miladi-GorjiAbstractGender- and age-dependent effects on the severity of morphine dependence are still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of age and sex on the severity of physical and psychological dependence in morphine-dependent rats. The young/aged male and female Wistar rats were chronically treated with bi-daily doses (10 mg/kg, at 12 h intervals) of morphine for 14 days. Then, rats were tested for the severity of physical dependence on morphine (...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe lateral amygdala and the dorsal pallidum were associated with OCD. Neuroanatomic evidence of sexual dimorphism was also found in OCD. Our study not only provides deeper insight into how these structures contribute to OCD symptoms by revealing these subregional-level deformities but also suggests that gender effects may be important in OCD studies.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Wanting Liu, Jun Gan, Jie Fan, Hong Zheng, Sihui Li, Raymond C.K. Chan, Changlian Tan, Xiongzhao ZhuAbstractPoor insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with several adverse clinical outcomes. However, the neurobiological basis of this insight deficit is not clearly understood. The present study thus aimed to investigate associations of cortical thickness, cortical surface area and subcortical volumes with insight in a sample of drug-naïve adults with OCD. Forty-seven OCD patients and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
uml;kdağ C Abstract OBJECTIVE: The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) is a frequently used instrument in relevant literature for assessment of cognitive biases that play critical roles in appraisal of intrusive experiences in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The questionnaire was initially designed as a 44-item questionnaire, then was shortened to 20 items and lastly was brought down to 9-items. Since so far, only the 44-item version has been available in Turkey, this study aimed to examine psychometric properties of the two shortened OBQ forms in a community sample. METHOD: The study included the dat...
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research
Authors: Pierce M, Hope HF, Kolade A, Gellatly J, Osam CS, Perchard R, Kosidou K, Dalman C, Morgan V, Di Prinzio P, Abel KM Abstract BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental disorder face multiple challenges. AIMS: To summarise evidence about parental mental disorder and child physical health. METHOD: We searched seven databases for cohort or case-control studies quantifying associations between parental mental disorders (substance use, psychotic, mood, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress and eating) and offspring physical health. Studies were excluded if: they reported perinatal outcomes only (
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
This report therefore uses quality assurance data looking into whether sensory processing sensitivity (SPS) affects treatment outcome among patients with OCD. SPS is a personality trait regarding heightened levels of emotional reactivity and deeper cognitive processing of emotional stimuli. Patients received concentrated exposure treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). They were assessed with one of the most widely used questionnaires for measuring SPS, the Highly Sensitive Person Scale (HSPS). Analyses tested whether HSPS scores at pre-treatment affected treatment outcome, and if sensitivity changed from pre-to...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Anxiety is common in children with ASD; however, the burden of specific anxiety disorders for adults with ASD is under-researched. Using the Stockholm Youth Cohort, we compared anxiety disorder diagnoses among autistic adults (n = 4049), with or without intellectual disability, and population controls (n = 217,645). We conducted additional sibling analyses. Anxiety disorders were diagnosed in 20.1% of adults with ASD compared with 8.7% of controls (RR = 2.62 [95% CI 2.47-2.79]), with greatest risk for autistic people without intellectual disability. Rates of almos...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder with a genetic risk component, yet identification of high-confidence risk genes has been challenging. In recent years, risk gene discovery in other complex psychiatric disorders has been achieved by studying rare de novo (DN) coding variants.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Archival Report Source Type: research
Molecular Psychiatry, Published online: 15 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41380-019-0532-zA population-based family clustering study of tic-related obsessive-compulsive disorder
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: In>8 years of observation, most participants experienced a robust and sustained antidepressant response to SCC DBS. News in Context: Ethical issues raised around deep brain stimulation (DBS) research Closing the Circuit: Helen Mayberg’s research could revolutionize depression treatment Expo Day: Neuroenginnering, BPI, Arrowsmith Program &ARPF from SharpBrains
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology antidepressant area-25 brain pacemaker brain stimulation DBS deep-brain-stimulation depression Helen-Mayberg neurosurgical treatment Source Type: blogs
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