Disseminating Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder: Comparing in person vs. online training modalities
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Ryan J. Jacoby, Noah C. Berman, Hannah E. Reese, Jin Shin, Susan Sprich, Jeff Szymanski, C. Alec Pollard, Sabine WilhelmAbstractDespite the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), most patients do not have access. This longitudinal study examined the effectiveness of disseminating CBT for OCD via: (a) the online, low-intensity Psychiatry Academy, targeting clinicians new to CBT for OCD, and (b) the in-person, intensive International OCD Foundation's Beha...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effects of obsession type and diagnostic label on OCD stigma
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Zoe Homonoff, Mark J. SciuttoAbstractIn this paper, we examined the degree to which stigma toward individuals with OCD is influenced by the specific form of obsession and the disclosure of a diagnostic label. Participants (N = 290) viewed a video of a young woman who presented with either “harming” obsessions (HO) or “just right” obsessions (JRO) and was either labeled or not labeled with a diagnosis of OCD. After viewing the video, participants completed a survey measuring...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Augmentation therapy of N-acetylcysteine for OCD: A meta-analysis of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Eliska Noskova, Pavla Stopkova, Jiri Horacek, Antonin SebelaAbstract:Treatment resistance is a barrier to the successful care of patients with OCD. Glutamate modulators such as n-acetylcysteine (NAC) represent a promising new treatment option. To elucidate the current evidence of the efficacy and safety of NAC, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials. Primary outcomes were full and partial response rates and a reduction in the Yale-Brow...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Help-seeking attitudes and experiences in individuals affected by skin picking
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Christina Gallinat, Markus Moessner, Holger A. Haenssle, Julia K. Winkler, Matthias Backenstrass, Stephanie BauerAbstractSkin picking disorder is accompanied by substantial psychosocial impairment and requires adequate treatment. However, literature on help-seeking attitudes and healthcare utilization in affected individuals is scarce. Therefore, the present study sought to investigate help-seeking behavior and experiences, as well as attitudes and expectations towards healthcare utilization in indivi...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Insomnia and obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions: The mediating role of anxiety and depression
ConclusionsOverall, our findings suggest that co-occurring symptoms (e.g., anxiety, depression) may be worthwhile targets to examine in future research aimed to extend our understanding of the mechanisms through which chronic sleep deprivation exerts deleterious effects on OCS. Extending findings to clinical populations and treatment contexts may have important implications for our understanding of the links between insomnia and OCS. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive training for neurocognitive and functional impairments in obsessive compulsive disorder: A case report
We report a case of an individual referred for cognitive training in view of persisting cognitive and functional difficulties despite clinical improvement. The intervention consisted of therapist-guided sessions along with homework practice. A smartphone application was developed for cognitive stimulation, and used with other techniques for cognitive stimulation, strategy use, and generalization to achieve transfer of effects. Following 12 weeks of intervention, changes were observed on executive functions including verbal fluency and planning, and smaller changes across measures of attention and working memory. Notably, t...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Feared possible selves in cognitive-behavioral theory: An analysis of its historical and empirical context, and introduction of a working model
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Frederick Aardema, Shiu F. WongAbstractCognitive-behavioral models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have largely ignored conceptualizing vulnerable self-themes as a core feature, despite numerous historical accounts and empirical work hinting at its importance. The current special issue of the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders aims to highlight the role of one such self-construct in OCD, namely the feared possible self — which describes a set of qualities that the perso...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparing neuropsychological performance in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and healthy controls: An online study
ConclusionsThe results suggest that neuropsychological underperformance associated with OCD and ADHD may be related to the presence of comorbid disorders, such as depression, rather than disorder-specific phenomena, highlighting the importance of excluding participants with comorbid disorders in neuropsychological studies and targeting comorbidities in clinical contexts. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An examination of Continuum Beliefs Versus Biogenetic beliefs in reducing stigma toward violent intrusive thoughts in OCD
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Jennifer L. Cole, Debbie M. Warman (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body checking in pediatric eating and obsessive-compulsive disorders
ConclusionsIn contrast to the prediction that those with OCD would exhibit higher levels of body checking and avoidance behaviors than a school-based comparison group, children and adolescents with OCD reported less body checking and other eating disorder symptoms than the school-based sample. The implications for assessment and treatment will be discussed. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - September 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence and clinical correlates of body-focused repetitive behaviors in pediatric Tourette Syndrome
This study therefore sought to determine the prevalence rates and predictors of SPD, HPD and PNB in a pediatric TS sample. Data from 739 child and adolescent participants who completed validated instruments to assess for tic severity and various other comorbidities were used to calculate prevalence rates for each of the BFRBs. Clinical and demographic predictors were determined via regression modelling. The prevalence rates for SPD, HPD and PNB were 5.8%, 2.4% and 6.0%, respectively. The presence of PNB and worst ever tic severity predicted the presence of SPD. Worst ever tic severity and the presence of SPD were the only ...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Positive affect and imaginal exposure processes in patients with taboo obsessions
In this study, individuals with taboo OCD symptoms repeatedly approached an idiographic obsession through an imaginal exposure. After accounting for comorbid depression, positive affect was positively and significantly associated with perceived efficacy and exposure engagement; however, positive affect was not associated with habituation or learning. Notably, the relationship between positive affect and the perceived effectiveness of, and ability to engage in, a personalized exposure highlights important areas for future research aiming to improve clinical interventions for OCD. To address the study's primary limitation &n...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of tech-based self-help treatment programs for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Eric B. Lee, Cherie Hoepfl, Cali Werner, Elizabeth McIngvaleAbstractTechnology-based self-help treatment programs for OCD have the potential to offer low to no cost treatment to those who may not have access to OCD treatment providers, to compliment on-going therapy and to assist individuals in maintaining treatment gains. To date, the quality of these programs is largely unassessed. This review examines the currently available technology-based self-help treatment programs for OCD. Search results from Go...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived decision-making styles among individuals with obsessive-compulsive and hoarding disorders
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Jedidiah Siev, Keith Lit, Yan LeykinAbstractIndividuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and hoarding disorder (HD) struggle with decision-making. One potentially important aspect of decision-making that has yet to be studied in relation to OCD and HD is decision-making style, a trait-like pattern of responding that is relatively stable across a variety of decision-making situations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which people with OCD and/or HD report specific deci...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Volume 22Author(s): (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Innovations in CBT treatment for hoarding: Transcending office walls
This article reviews the existing empirical literature on technology-supported interventions for hoarding behaviors. Such interventions include online self-help resources, videoconferencing and webcam-based individual and group treatment, “blended” face-to-face plus therapist assisted online programs, as well as virtual reality. Technology-based interventions may extend access to practitioners with expertise in hoarding, incorporate evidence-based strategies that are available anytime and from anywhere, facilitate more cost-effective services, allow for flexibility in scheduling, harness motivation, support eng...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of treatment outcome and attrition in adults with hoarding disorder
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Catherine R. Ayers, James O.E. Pittman, Eliza J. Davidson, Mary E. Dozier, Tina L. Mayes, Erin AlmklovAbstractWhile a number of hoarding disorder-specific therapeutic interventions have been developed over recent years, hoarding disorder (HD) remains difficult to treat. The purpose of this investigation is to inform HD treatment efforts by examining factors that influence treatment attrition and treatment response. Secondary data analysis of baseline and post-treatment data from two previously published p...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Introduction to the special section: Research domain criteria in the obsessive compulsive and related disorders
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Dean McKayAbstractThe Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) is a major initiative of the National Institute of Mental Health that aims to identify empirically based indicators of psychiatric conditions. It is based on a matrix of major domains of function by hierarchically arranged levels of analysis from genes, through neural circuits and up through paradigms of investigation. There are significant implications for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in the RDoC. This special series of papers aims to el...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Real-world and clinical trial efficacy of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder measured by survey and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Erich W. Miller, David S. Shoup, Eric W. Recktenwald (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

To save or not to save: The use of cognitive bias modification in a high-hoarding sample
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Jonathan David, Peter A. Baldwin, Jessica R. GrishamAbstractThe cognitive-behavioural model of hoarding posits that maladaptive beliefs play a causal role in saving behaviours. These beliefs may operate as interpretive biases to save in ambiguous situations in which hoarding individuals must decide whether to discard an item. We used a novel interpretative cognitive bias modification paradigm (CBM-I) to modify hoarding-related interpretive biases in a sample of undergraduates with high hoarding symptoms (N...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin picking among adults with skin disease symptoms
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Laura J. Dixon, Ívar SnorrasonAbstractDespite its relevance, few studies have examined the prevalence and characteristics of skin picking in relation to skin disease. To address limitations in the literature, the current study examined in those with self-reported skin disease symptoms: (1) the prevalence of skin picking; (2) demographic, dermatological, and psychosocial characteristics of individuals with and without skin picking; and (3) associations between skin picking severity and psychosocial s...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - July 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Facets of experiential avoidance differentially predict engagement in a contamination-based behavioral approach task
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Sara L. Conley, Sarah R. Lee, Hannah F. Martyn, Kevin D. WuAbstractExperiential Avoidance (EA) is an unwillingness to experience or remain in contact with unpleasant emotions, thoughts, bodily sensations, or other private experiences (Hayes, Wilson, Gifford, Follette, & Strosahl, 1996). Previous research has found a relationship between EA and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD; Twohig, Hayes, & Masuda, 2006a). The current study examined relations among multiple EA facets, contamination concerns, a...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Empirically supported treatments for obsessive-compulsive related disorders in the age of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC)
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Ana Rabasco, Miriam Ambrosino, Dean McKayAbstractThe Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) emphasizes the discovery of mechanisms of psychopathology and treatment outcome. In the case of Obsessive-Related Disorders (OCRDs), the available research shows that research exists that describes negative valence variables, specifically neural circuitry, that may be mediators of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) outcome for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There is limited research on neural circuitry associated w...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Biogenetic etiologies of OCD: Review and recommendations for clinicians
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): William SchultzAbstractBiogenetic etiologies of mental disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, are ascendant. This ascendancy manifests in numerous ways, including the National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria, which conceptualizes mental disorders as disordered brain circuits. Varied motivations underlie biogenetic etiologies, including philosophic assumptions and desire for improved validity. Yet, these motivations rest on contested arguments and data. These motivations a...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) in Iranian clinical and non-clinical samples
ConclusionThe Persian version of the CY-BOCS is a valid psychometric indicator for obsessive compulsive disorders with adequate sensitivity and specificity, and high NPV and PPV with an optimum cut-off score of 17 for OCD diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are hoarding symptoms associated with interpersonally relevant attentional biases? A preliminary investigation
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Kimberly A. Arditte Hall, Caitlin A. Stamatis, Ashley M. Shaw, Kiara R. TimpanoAbstractAccording to cognitive-behavioral models of hoarding disorder, positive and negative emotional processing biases may contribute to the core symptoms of clutter, acquiring, and difficulty discarding. In disorders commonly comorbid with hoarding (e.g., depression; anxiety), studies have revealed specific patterns of attentional biases that relate to central symptoms. However, links between hoarding symptoms and biased atten...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Differences in neuropsychological performance between incompleteness- and harm avoidance-related core dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Duncan H. Cameron, Laura J. Summerfeldt, Karen Rowa, Margaret C. McKinnon, Neil A. Rector, Margaret A. Richter, Tisha J. Ornstein, Randi E. McCabeAbstractBackgroundThe division of symptom themes into those related to incompleteness (INC) and those related to harm avoidance (HA) has been identified as an alternative to conventional subtyping. The aim of this study was to elucidate any potential differences between these two symptom themes based on neuropsychological task performance. Method: Participants (N...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Examining the role of Cognitive and metacognitive variables
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Heather K. Hood, Gillian A. Wilson, Naomi Koerner, Randi E. McCabe, Karen Rowa, Martin M. AntonyAbstractThe purpose of the current study was to examine the cognitive and metacognitive constructs that conceptually relate to poor insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Associations between various dimensions of insight in OCD (e.g., clinical insight, conviction in one's beliefs) and cognitive and metacognitive variables (e.g., cognitive insight, decentering) were examined. Participants with OCD (N =...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Improving treatment outcome in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Does motivational interviewing boost efficacy?
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Randi E. McCabe, Karen Rowa, Nicholas R. Farrell, Lisa Young, Richard P. Swinson, Martin M. AntonyAbstractAlthough exposure and response prevention (ERP) is the first line psychological treatment for individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), many people experience partial recovery and others refuse treatment or drop out. This randomized controlled study (n= 40) examined the effect of a three-session motivational interviewing (MI) intervention compared to a three-session relaxation intervention p...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Volume 21Author(s): (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is perfectionism a risk factor for adolescent body dysmorphic symptoms? Evidence for a prospective association.
This study provides preliminary evidence for self-oriented perfectionism being a risk factor for the development of BDD in youth. If replicated, these findings could highlight the potential value of targeting self-oriented perfectionism in prevention and early intervention programs for BDD. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of acceptance and commitment therapy for clinical perfectionism
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Clarissa W. Ong, Eric B. Lee, Jennifer Krafft, Carina L. Terry, Tyson S. Barrett, Michael E. Levin, Michael P. TwohigAbstractClinical perfectionism is characterized by imposing excessively high standards on oneself and experiencing severe distress when standards are not met. It has been found to contribute to the development and maintenance of various clinical presentations including anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and eating disorders. The present study tested the efficacy of ten weekly individual sessions ...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived emotion regulation and emotional distress tolerance in patients with hoarding disorder
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Blaise Worden, Hannah C. Levy, Akanksha Das, Benjamin W. Katz, Michael Stevens, David F. TolinAbstractEmotional distress tolerance (EDT) and emotion regulation (ER) appear to be highly relevant to hoarding pathology, as excessive saving and/or acquiring may be motivated by emotional avoidance or other attempts to regulate negative affect. While findings with nonclinical samples have suggested and EDT/ER predicts hoarding symptoms, there is little data on clinical samples. The aim of the current study was to...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional processing and disgust sensitivity in OCD patients with and without contamination-type obsessive-compulsive symptoms – An fMRI study.
ConclusionsBrain activation during distress processing in OCD is similar across the OCD subtypes and related to effortful emotion regulation, processing of aversive internal states and attention. In contamination-type OCD, the distress response is related to disgust sensitivity, which correlates with brain regions associated with attention and emotion regulation. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Measuring harm avoidance, incompleteness, and disgust in youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder and anxiety disorders
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Matti Cervin, Sean PerrinAbstractAlongside harm avoidance, incompleteness and disgust have been proposed as important emotion-related motivators underlying the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of self-report and interview-based measures of these constructs in youth with OCD (N = 100) and anxiety disorders (N = 96). All participants completed self-report measures of trait-level harm avoidance and incompleteness (Obsessive-Co...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Iranian study of group acceptance and commitment therapy versus group cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder on an optimal dose of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Mohamad Javad Shabani, Hamid Mohsenabadi, Abdolla Omidi, Eric B. Lee, Michael P. Twohig, Afshin Ahmdvand, Zahra ZanjaniAbstractConducted in Iran, participants included 69 adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who were on a stable selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) dose and were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: group acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)+SSRI, group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)+SSRI, or continued SSRI treatment. Assessment occurred at pre-, po...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of group cognitive behavioral therapy for Hoarding Disorder: Evaluation of outcomes
This study presents findings from 24 patients with HD referred to a specialist mental health tertiary service in southwest London treated with GCBT in clinical practice. GCBT consisted of 11 or 12 × 2 h closed sessions over a 6-month period for a maximum of 9 individuals per group. Twenty (83%) patients completed the GCBT treatment. Results demonstrated highly significant improvements in hoarding symptoms, symptoms of depression and overall levels of functioning. By treatment end, completing patients evidenced a 32% improvement in severity of hoarding behaviors as assessed by the Savings Inventory-Revised, with...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Feelings of incompleteness explain symptoms of OCD and OCPD beyond harm avoidance
We examined the relative strength of harm avoidance and incompleteness in predicting OCD symptom dimensions in a nonclinical sample (n = 238). We also examined the relationship between incompleteness and symptoms of two conditions with phenotypic similarity to OCD—Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Each involves patterns of repetitive, rigid behavior. Hierarchical regressions returned that incompleteness significantly predicted OCD and OCPD symptoms after controlling for harm avoidance; in some cases, the magnitude of association was stronger for incompleteness th...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between cognitive reappraisal strategy and skin picking behaviours in a non-clinical sample depends on personality profile
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Joanna Kłosowska, Katarzyna Prochwicz, Alina Kałużna-WielobóbAbstractThe purposes of the present study were to: 1. examine the relationship between naturally occurring personality profiles and skin picking in a non-clinical sample; 2. verify whether personality patterns may interact with emotion regulation strategies in their effect on skin picking.The study sample consisted of 240 adults (207 women and 33 men; age M = 23.87; SD = 5.32). Variables were assessed using Temperament and Char...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of group cognitive behaviour therapy for Hoarding Disorder: Evaluation of outcomes
This study presents findings from 24 patients with HD referred to a specialist mental health tertiary service in southwest London treated with GCBT in clinical practice. GCBT consisted of 11 or 12 × 2 h closed sessions over a 6-month period for a maximum of 9 individuals per group. Twenty (83%) patients completed the GCBT treatment. Results demonstrated highly significant improvements in hoarding symptoms, symptoms of depression and overall levels of functioning. By treatment end, completing patients evidenced a 32% improvement in severity of hoarding behaviors as assessed by the Savings Inventory-Revised, with...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Developmental and self-related vulnerability factors in relationship-centered obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms: A moderated mediation model
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Ezgi Trak, Mujgan InozuAbstractPrevious studies have indicated that high parental overprotection and insecure attachment patterns are associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Moreover, self-worth depending on different domains have been held partly responsible for the occurrence and persistence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in related domains. The present study examines how overprotective parental attitudes relates to the endorsement of relationship-centered obsessive thinking through attachment a...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Animal models of OCD-relevant processes: An RDoC perspective
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Christopher Pittenger, Helen Pushkarskaya, Patricia GrunerAbstractAnimal models have been invaluable tools in deciphering pathophysiology in many branches of medicine. Their application in the study of complex neuropsychiatric conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), however, raises vexing interpretative challenges. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) approach of identifying dimensions of function and dysfunction that cut across syndromic diagnoses provides one potential path forward. We rev...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of ethnic identity in OC symptom dimensions among Asian Americans
This study is the first to demonstrate an exacerbating function of ethnic identity for OC symptoms among Asian Americans, contrary to some previous evidence of its protective role for overall mental health among ethnoracial minorities. More research is needed to test and validate hypotheses about why ethnic identity mediated group differences in OC symptoms. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - April 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Metacognition in obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom dimensions: Role of fusion beliefs, beliefs about rituals and stop signals
This study aimed at investigating the applicability of the model in OCD symptom dimensions. Participants completed a web-based survey comprising multiple questionnaires to assess their OCD symptom dimensions, OCD-specific metacognitions, and their general metacognitions and worries. Of the 276 total respondents who completed the survey, 227 met A- and B-self-rating-criteria of the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) regarding OCD; these 227 participants made up the final sample. We analyzed the participants’ responses using regression models on each OCD symptom dimension to determine how much of the varian...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - March 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Volume 20Author(s): (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family accommodation and empathic responses to persons with obsessive-compulsive symptoms: the moderating effect of consideration of future consequences
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Yusuke Kataoka, Ryu TakizawaAbstractBackgroundAlthough families’ empathic responses can lead to family accommodation, the association between empathic responses to patients and accommodation remains to be examined quantitatively. Therefore, we examined the relationship between families’ empathic responses (empathic concern, personal distress, and perspective-taking) toward persons with obsessive-compulsive symptoms and, accommodation. Further, we examined whether consideration of future cons...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - February 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Hoarding Disorder-Dimensional Scale
Publication date: Available online 9 January 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Elizabeth A. Carey, Andrea del Pozo de Bolger, Bethany M. WoottonAbstractThe Hoarding Disorder-Dimensional Scale (HD-D) is a new measure of hoarding symptom severity developed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (5th Edition) Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders Sub-workgroup. The aim of the current study was to assess the psychometric properties of this measure in a large, community sample. Five hundred and seventeen participants completed the study. The results indicated that the HD-D consists ...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - January 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pinning Our Possessions: Associations between Digital Hoarding and Symptoms of Hoarding Disorder
Publication date: Available online 26 December 2018Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Alexandria M. Luxon, C. Elizabeth Hamilton, Sage Bates, Gregory S. ChassonAbstractDigital hoarding may relate to characteristics of physical Hoarding Disorder (HD), but this has only been systematically investigated once before. To that end, a non-clinical sample of 101 Pinterest users completed measures of emotional state before and after an experimental manipulation involving deception in which they were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: being led to believe that one digital item or a group...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - December 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sudden gains in internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder
ConclusionsSudden gains are common in ICBT for OCD and are associated with favorable short and long-term treatment outcomes. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - December 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research