Reliability of quadriceps muscle power and explosive force, and relationship to physical function in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an observational prospective multicenter study.

Reliability of quadriceps muscle power and explosive force, and relationship to physical function in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an observational prospective multicenter study. Physiother Theory Pract. 2019 Sep 19;:1-9 Authors: Bui KL, Maia N, Saey D, Dechman G, Maltais F, Camp PG, Mathur S Abstract Background: Muscle power declines with age and is a stronger determinant of physical function than strength. Muscle power using computerized dynamometry has not been investigated in COPD. Objectives: To determine: 1) test-retest reliability of quadriceps power using a standardized protocol with computerized dynamometry; and 2) associations between quadriceps strength and power, and functional capacity. Design/Setting: Prospective observational study in four Canadian research labs. Participants: People with mild to very severe COPD. Methods: Tests were conducted on two days. Quadriceps muscle maximal strength was evaluated during a static maneuver using maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC). Rate of torque development (RTD) during MVIC was used to assess explosive force. Muscle power was measured using a dynamic, isotonic protocol from which peak and average power and peak velocity were derived. Functional capacity was assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), standard error of measurements (SEM), and Bland Altman plots. Spearman and Pe...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

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Authors: Vitacca M, Lastoria C, Delmastro M, Fiorenza D, De Cata P, Fusar Poli B, Gilè S, Prometti P, Paneroni M, Bianchi C, Mandora E, Porri R, Fracchia C Abstract To date treatment protocols in Respiratory and or Internal departments across Italy for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients at hospital admission with relapse due to exacerbation do not find adequate support in current guidelines. Here we describe the results of a recent clinical audit, including a systematic review of practices reported in literature and an open discussion comparing these to current real-life proce...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Modalities of resistance training using elastic components presented similar effects on muscle strength, health status, exercise capacity, body composition and daily level of physical activity in individuals with COPD. The effects of elastic resistance were similar to conventional resistance training. PMID: 31975638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
argas F, Palomo E Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most prevalent diseases in the World, and one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity. In adults 40 years and older, it affects more than 10% of the population and has enormous personal, family and social burden. Tobacco smoking is its main cause, but not the only one, and there is probably a genetic predisposition that increases the risk in some patients. The paradigm of this disease is changing in Spain, with an increase of women that has occurred in recent years. Many of the physio pathological mechanisms of th...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
The objectives of the study were to identify the factors that limit diaphragmatic mobility and evaluate the therapeutic results of the monitoring methods previously used in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and LILACS databases were used. A gray literature search was conducted with Google scholar. PRISMA was used, and the bias risk analysis adapted from the Cochrane Handbook for clinical trials and, for other studies, the Downs and Black checklist were used. Twenty-five articles were included in the qualitative synthesis analysis on physiotherapeutic techniques and dia...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study explored experiences of Physiotherapeutic care for those with co-morbid physical and mental health complaints to identify barriers and facilitators to care.
Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Source Type: research
It was on November 21st that I was last in Copenhagen, not to have some of that famous Æbleflæsk but to moderate an OECD event. I was tasked to challenge health ministers and other policy makers about the impact of advanced technologies on patients’ lives and what regulations would facilitate these changes. It was encouraging to see country leaders take a positive stance towards digital health and to hear about concrete examples as to how they are implementing technology to modify their local healthcare landscape. This experience served as an inspiration to write this article. In it we will highli...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Healthcare Policy digital health Medicine technology healthcare design Source Type: blogs
Conclusion:Further examination of twice per day functional electrostimulation in hospitalized patients with COPD with acute exacerbation appears warranted. PMID: 31769337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2019Source: Journal of PhysiotherapyAuthor(s): Tristan Bonnevie, Mark Elkins
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research
Conclusion: Functional exercise provides additional increases in musculoskeletal mass and protein mass, as well as a reduction of body fat mass and visceral fat area compared to conventional training in COPD.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research
Conclusion: Addition of an active exercises to chest physiotheraphy may be more beneficial in COPD patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research
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