The U.S. abortion rate falls to lowest level since Roe v. Wade

Changes in contraceptive use, sexual activity and infertility, as well as a decline in pregnancies, may have played a role.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: In the short term, this MBP did not affect weight loss in infertile women, but the MBP intervention contributed to reduce waist circumference, possibly due to a significant decrease in food energy intake. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: RBR-7by76r. PMID: 32972271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are an increasingly important therapeutic modality that are used by clinicians on a daily basis. Unfortunately, clinicians have a limited understanding regarding the underlying mechanism(s) of how SERMs function and their increasingly useful role in the treatment of estrogen-responsive target tissues such as the breast, bone, vagina, uterine endometrium, and brain. This review will provide a basic understanding of our current knowledge of SERM pharmacodynamics and will highlight the clinical applications of Food and Drug Administration–approved SERMs in the treatment of ...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Clinical Corner: Invited Review Source Type: research
AbstractAutoimmune thyroid disease is the most common endocrine disorder during pregnancy. Thyroid autoantibodies (TAs) have been suggested to serve a role in implantation failure and spontaneous abortion. Until now, there are no data on the potential interaction of TAs with human reproductive organs. Here, we set out for the first time to test this hypothesis by studying the expression of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) at gene and protein level in human reproductive organs. Endometrial samples were taken from normal women, and placenta tissues were collected after full-term caesarian section. Expression of TPO messenger RNA (mR...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Source Type: research
Endometriosis is a common chronic inflammatory disorder, often causing both pain and infertility. It is estimated that 25 –50 % of patients undergoing fertility treatments have had endometriosis as it involves an impairment of the ovarian reserve. For these reasons, endometriosis has been highlighted as a condition that may require a fertility preservation procedure, while being benign in nature. The aim of this revi ew is to summarize the current evidence on fertility preservation techniques for patients affected by endometriosis, focusing on the main characteristics of the different approaches.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Many patientswho fail an IVF cycle, want the doctor to tell them exactly why the cycle failed. They want the doctor to get at the root cause , and this is completely logical. After all, once the root cause has been identified, the doctor will be able to fix the problem, and the next IVF cycle will succeed.Sadly, life doesn't work this way, because biological systems are complex, and it's not possible to get a simple answer to what seems to be a very simple question. This is because there are multiple interlocking parts , and it's not possible to tease them out individually to find out why a particular cycle failed.The real...
Source: Dr.Malpani's Blog - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: In the systematic review, the published evidence of auricular acupuncture treatment for POI will be summarized to provide guidance for promotion and application. Ethics and dissemination: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. Open Science Framework (OSF) registration number: http://osf.io/tg9mw
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine condition that has been well known for decades, with a prevalence of 8% to 13% in women of reproductive age (1). It is characterized by clinical or hormone findings of androgen excess, ovulatory disorders, and infertility, and a typical ovarian appearance. Metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance can be found in the majority of PCOS patients. However, a correct diagnosis is challenging, particularly in patients who have minor clinical symptoms.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
The last 15 years has seen an exponential rise in the number of publications on adenomyosis, a disease first described in the 19th century (1). In 2005, 53 papers were published; over the past several years around 200 publications have appeared on PubMed. This renewed interest can be attributed not only to increased awareness but also to significantly improved technology. The quality of the ultrasound scanners we use today in clinical examination can identify a disease that previously had required the patient to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Significant evidence links poor overall health with male infertility: Strong associations link infertility with obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, autoimmune diseases, as well as premature mortality (1). In their systematic review and meta-analysis published in this issue of Fertility and Sterility, del Giudice et  al. review the existing literature assessing the association between male-factor infertility and the risk of later developing male-specific genitourinary malignancies. Their study demonstrates that male infertility conveys a significant risk for developing both testicular cancer (risk ratio [RR]...
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
BackgroundThe risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes is increased by having a polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) diagnosis. However, the confounders in previous studies preclude firm conclusions, and further studies are warranted.ObjectivesTo investigate whether PCOS affects pregnancy outcomes and complications in infertile women undergoing their first in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, taking into account important confounders.MethodsWe performed a retrospective cohort study of 7,678 infertile women, including 666 women with PCOS and 7,012 controls undergoing their first IVF treatment at a private fertility center from Jan...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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