Attachement au partenaire et développement de symptômes traumatiques et anxieux-dépressifs chez les étudiants

DiscussionD’un point de vue psychothérapeutique, il apparaît important de considérer le style d’attachement en tant que facteur de risque, voire peut-être en tant que vulnérabilité psychopathologique. D’un point de vue clinique, nous devons prendre ce paramètre en compte pour expliquer la situation clinique des patients.SummaryContextA wide literature has demonstrated how attachment style can impact symptomatology, for instance anxious, depressive, and post-traumatic symptoms. Life as a student, as a transition period between adolescence and adulthood, constituting a at-risk population in terms of health measures, may be particularly interesting to study regarding attachment to a partner and anxiety, depression, and trauma. The aims of this study were to evaluate in a French University student population: (1) the presence of anxious, depressive, and post-traumatic symptoms; and (2) the relationship between those symptoms and the attachment style with the partner.MethodBased on volunteer French students, we conducted an internet-based data collection procedure with online questionnaires (PCLS, HADS, ECR).ResultsBoth attachment dimensions (i.e., abandonment anxiety and intimacy avoidance) impacted post-traumatic symptoms (PCLS score). The higher the attachment anxiety score, the higher the HAD scores of anxiety and depression. In contrast, a decrease in the attachment avoidance score was associated with an increas...
Source: Sexologies - Category: Sexual Medicine Source Type: research

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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, often debilitating mental health condition that occurs in some people who have experienced trauma. It can have a negative impact on mood, mimicking depression, and is characterized by petrifying episodes in which affected people re-experience trauma. New research suggests psychotherapy may provide a long-lasting reduction of distressing symptoms. Over the course of a lifetime, many people directly experience or witness trauma, such as sexual assault, violence, or natural disasters. Experts estimate that 10% to 20% of these people will experience acute (short-term) PTSD. So...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Introduction: After a traumatic event, children and adolescents may present several clinical consequences, the most common being Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Most children and adolescents with PTSD have comorbid disorders, such Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, depression, attachment and anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances and behavior problems. However, epidemiological studies on the development of PTSD and other psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents as a consequence of a terrorist attack and mass murder are lacking. Long-term follow-up of exposed children and adolescents will help identify...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Dora-Laskey AD, Goldstick JE, Buckley L, Bonar EE, Zimmerman MA, Walton MA, Cunningham RM, Carter PM Abstract Background: The psychosocial correlates and longitudinal trajectories of driving after drinking (DAD) among youth remain understudied in at-risk populations. Objectives: We investigated the relationships of DAD trajectories and negative peer and parental influences, substance use, and mental health among predominantly marijuana-using youth seeking emergency department (ED) treatment. Methods: Data were from a 2-year prospective cohort study of drug-using patients (97.4% used marijuana) ages 14-24 s...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42016049701.FindingsWe identified 19 meta-analyses that included 559 primary studies, covering 28 outcomes in 4 089 547 participants. Childhood sexual abuse was associated with 26 of 28 specific outcomes: specifically, six of eight adult psychiatric diagnoses (ORs ranged from 2·2 [95% CI 1·8–2·8] to 3·3 [2·2–4·8]), all studied negative psychosocial outcomes (ORs ranged from 1·2 [1·1–1·4] to 3·4 [2·3–4·8]), and all physical health conditions (ORs ranged from 1·4 [1...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Children living in institutions experience separation from their birth parents and other caregivers. Further, they also suffer from the effects of abuse and neglect which led to their institutionalization as well as effects of institutional care despite th...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Authors: Bortolon C, Raffard S Abstract In a break with categorical and dimensional approaches and thus the classical medical model, the network approach applied to psychopathology constitutes a holistic approach to mental disorders. In this approach, mental disorders are conceived as an interconnected system of symptoms in which symptoms are the cause of each other. It is suggested that the interaction between the different symptoms would result in a feedback loop that leads to the installation and maintenance of these symptoms/disorders. In addition, this approach proposes that co-morbidities are the result of sy...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime psychology syndication Source Type: news
Abstract Although impressive progress has been made toward developing empirically-supported psychological treatments, the reality remains that a significant proportion of people with mental health problems do not receive these treatments. Finding ways to reduce this treatment gap is crucial. Since app-supported smartphone interventions are touted as a possible solution, access to up-to-date guidance around the evidence base and clinical utility of these interventions is needed. We conducted a meta-analysis of 66 randomized controlled trials of app-supported smartphone interventions for mental health problems....
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net has the latest on an upcoming star-studded mental health awareness special, a new report on mental health websites sharing user data, the dangers of avoiding discord in your relationships, and more. Enjoy! Shawn Mendes, Lizzo, Halsey &More to Participate in ‘I’m Listening’ Mental Health Awareness Radio Special: To kick off National Suicide Prevention Week, music and sports stars including Lizzo, Tegan and Sara, Blink-182, Halsey, Disturbed, and Shawn Mendes — as well as a number of mental health professionals and first responders — will particip...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net anxiety Bipolar Disorder Christine McCullough Data Mining Diagnosis Dr. Lisa Sanders employee mental health excessive spending Privacy PTSD S1PR2 Starbucks Stigma Stress Veterans Source Type: blogs
ConclusionSince abnormal P300 reflects pathophysiological characteristics of PTSD, PTSD patients were well-discriminated from MDD and HCs when using P300 features. Thus, altered P300 characteristics in both sensor- and source-level may be useful biomarkers to diagnosis PTSD.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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