Red blood cell distribution width is an independent predictor of mortality for an acute exacerbation of COPD

Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

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Authors: Joob B, Wiwanitkit V PMID: 31455113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
ier F Abstract The development of combination antiretroviral therapies (cART) in the mid-nineties has dramatically modified the clinical presentation of critically ill HIV-infected patients. Most of cART-treated patients ageing with controlled HIV replication are nowadays admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for non-AIDS-related events, mostly bacterial pneumonia and exacerbation of comorbidities, variably impacted by chronic HIV infection - e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular diseases, or solid neoplasms. Today, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis an...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Conclusion: The epidemiological picture of TB showed that males were predominant in our study however female were more affected in younger age group compared to male. More than 51% of the cases were in productive age group which affects the socioeconomic condition of family and society. More than 2/3 of patients were from lower socioeconomic group with low BMI. Therefore improving nutrition and immunity can play an important role. 2.3% of the cases were HIV reactive and were on ART. Co-morbidities like COPD and Diabetes were seen in our study which were statistically significant and had impact on the treatment outcome of r...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion: OB is one of the major causes of CAO. HRCT of the chest with expiratory scans plays a important role in the diagnosis. Early diagnosis can prevent irrevocable complications.
Source: Lung India - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Harman Saman, Hadi Mhammed, Kosar Ali mOhammed, Kamaran karadakhyAbstractBackgroundIn this article we present a case of a 75-year-old nonsmoker woman who was misdiagnosed as asthma-chronic obstructive airway disease overlap. The patient's history, examination and investigation confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) and anthracofibrosis (AFB).Our case demonstrates the difficulties that clinicians face with when patients present with chronic wheeze without any other specific symptoms at the outset.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
This review presents and discusses a new frontier for fast, risk-free and potentially inexpensive diagnostics of respiratory diseases by detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in exhaled breath. One part of the review is a didactic presentation of the overlaying concept and the chemistry of exhaled breath. The other part discusses diverse sensors that have been developed and used for the detection of respiratory diseases (e.g. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, lung cancer, pulmonary arterial hypertension, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and pneumoconiosis) by analy...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pulmonary pharmacology and therapeutics Review Source Type: research
Abstract Silicotuberculosis is critical in the community places among workers and employees exposing to silica dust. Older age of entry (>30 years), male sex, infection with HIV, exposure duration, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, migration, the severity of the silicosis, and the intensity of the exposure are potential risk factors. Lack of on time diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis may also raise the rate of infection, however, previous treatment of TB is possibly associated with develop to silicotuberculosis in more than half of patients, increasing with age (>40 years). ...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence and risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in people with predialysis CKD has rarely been studied, although CKD prevalence is increasing in certain countries where Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic. We aimed to investigate the association between predialysis CKD and active Mycobacterium tuberculosis risks in a nation with moderate Mycobacterium tuberculosis risk. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &MEASUREMENTS: In this nationwide retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the National Health Insurance Database of Korea, screening 17,020,339 people who received a...
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Workplace exposures contribute to the burden of disease across a range of nonmalignant lung conditions in adults (in addition to the 100% burden for the classic occupational pneumoconioses). This burden has important clinical, research, and policy implications. There is a pressing need to improve clinical recognition and public health awareness of the contribution of occupational factors across a range of nonmalignant respiratory diseases. PMID: 31149852 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
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