Magnetic resonance imaging in women recently diagnosed with breast cancer. Where are we headed?

Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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This study compared the diagnostic value of molybdenum target and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in different types of breast cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed on 120 female patients with breast cancer admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2015 to October 2017. All of them underwent DCE-MRI and molybdenum target examination. Postoperatively, the pathological tissues were examined to determine their molecular typing. The sensitivity and diagnostic coincidence rates of Luminal-B breast cancer with different molecular types diagnosed by mol...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Hui Zhang, Li-li Guo, Wei-jing Tao, Jian-dong Zhang, Gen-ji BaiAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the clinical application value of the Mo-targeted X-ray examination, color Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and preoperative comprehensive evaluation of breast cancer.MethodsAmong 170 breast cancer patients, they underwent Mo-targeted X-ray examination, color Doppler ultrasound and MRI before surgery to evaluate the lesions in breast, axillary lymph nodes and the availability of breast...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsA novel system using supine MRI images co-registered with intraoperative optical scanning and tracking enabled tumors to be resected with a trend toward a lower positive margin rate compared with wire-localized partial mastectomy. Margin positivity was more likely when imaging underestimated pathologic tumor size.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, a novel hybrid19F MRI agent for pH ‐sensitive detection of breast cancer tissues is reported, a composite system designed by conjugating a perfluoropolyether onto the surface of manganese‐incorporated layered double hydroxide (Mn‐LDH@PFPE) nanoparticles. The19F NMR/MRI signals from aqueous solutions of Mn ‐LDH@PFPE nanoparticles are quenched at pH 7.4, but “turned on” following a reduction in pH to below 6.5. This is due to partial dissolution of Mn2+ from the Mn ‐LDH nanoparticles and subsequent reduction in the effect of paramagnetic relaxation. Significantly, in vivo experiments reve...
Source: Small - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Communication Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for breast cancer patients who cannot undergo traditional surgery. A total of 10 patients were treated by MRI-guided RFA, of whom 6 had stage IV disease (lung metastasis n=3, bone metastasis n=1, liver metastasis n=1 and mediastinal metastasis n=1) and the remaining 4 patients, who refused surgery, had stage III disease accompanied by severe underlying conditions. The changes in feasibility, tumor volume, bleeding, local recurrence, metastasis and complications were evaluat...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer is a main cause of disease and death for women globally. Because of the limitations of traditional mammography and ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has gradually become an important radiological method for breast cancer assessment over the past decades. MRI is free of the problems related to radiation exposure and provides excellent image resolution and contrast. However, a disadvantage is the injection of contrast agent, which is toxic for some patients (such as patients with chronic renal disease or pregnant and lactating women). Recent findings of gadolinium deposits in t...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The relatively successful local control of brain metastases in these patients indicates that long-term survival may be attainable via concomitant chemotherapy. PMID: 31456502 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Abstract Tumour histological grade has prognostic implications in breast cancer. Tumour features in dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and T2-weighted (T2W) imaging can provide related and complementary information in the analysis of breast lesions to improve MRI-based histological status prediction in breast cancer. A dataset of 167 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) was assembled, consisting of 72 low/intermediate-grade and 95 high-grade cases with preoperative DCE-MRI and T2W images. The data cohort was separated into development (n=111) and validation (n=56) cohorts. Each...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and treatment of peritoneal serous papillary carcinoma may be delayed or may not be performed unless Class III findings are detected through uterine mucosal cytology before surgery. Surgeons should not hesitate to perform laparotomy when necessary to identify and appropriately treat patients, even if abnormalities are not detected in the preoperative examination. PMID: 31448396 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Tokai J Exp Clin Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsMRI is the best predictor of tumor size in breast cancer. Histologic type and tumor size are key parameters when estimating tumor size and should be taken into account when planning surgery. Patient age does not interfere with the interpretation of imaging tests.ResumenIntroducciónEl objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar qué prueba de imagen de las empleadas para medir el tamaño del cáncer de mama primario preoperatorio (mamografía, ecografía o resonancia magnética (RM)) se correlacionó mejor con el tamaño del tumor en la pieza quirúrgica posto...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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