Dandelion (Taraxacum officinal)
Title: Dandelion (Taraxacum officinal)Category: MedicationsCreated: 3/2/2005 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/15/2019 12:00:00 AM
ConclusionMindfulness was previously shown to be a promising intervention for chronic pain treatment. Our study demonstrates that higher pre-operative dispositional mindfulness is associated with more favorable post-operative pain outcomes, including lower pain scores, but not lower opioid consumption. This relationship provides an opportunity to target the modifiable personality characteristic of mindfulness, to improve post-operative pain for patients planning gynecologic surgery.
Authors: Deer TR, Malinowski M, Varshney V, Pope J Abstract INTRODUCTION: The choice of the proper intrathecal drug to treat neuropathic pain has been subject to much debate in recent years. Areas Covered: Currently, the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has approved two drugs for chronic intrathecal use for the treatment of pain, however, there has been substantial growth in the development of other intrathecal drugs that can be used for neuropathic pain. We performed a PubMed literature search looking at intrathecal drug research for neuropathic pain between January 2005 to May 2019 and discuss c...
ConclusionsOpioid dependence in the over 65-year old population after lung resection is high but was significantly lower among those who received minimally invasive surgery, in addition to other factors.
This study explored the role of central sensitization (CS) pain in patients with various rheumatic diseases using the CS inventory (CSI).MethodsA total of 193 patients of mean age 50.72 ± 9.65 years were included; they were divided into four different groups in terms of their rheumatic diseases. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthropathy (SpA), osteoarthritis (OA), and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) were evaluated in tertiary care rheumatology/pain medicine se ttings. Disease duration and activity, the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, the Disease Activity Score-2...
Neck and back pain caused by intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a frequent cause of referral to spine surgeons. This is a multifactorial disease process caused by aging, injury, obesity, and mechanical stress. Recently, an association between IVD degeneration and diabetes has been identified, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Furthermore, the effects of insulin levels on cytokines known to be elevated in diabetics have not previously been delineated. Uncontrolled diabetes results in chronic systemic inflammation with increased circulating levels of IL-6 and IL-18.
Sagittal malalignment and failed surgery are established etiologies for pain in adult spinal deformity (ASD). However, pain in primary adult scoliosis with good sagittal alignment is poorly understood. Opioids may be administered to control pain in adult scoliosis but are controversial and may negatively impact patient outcome. Evaluation of two independent ASD datasets may reduce bias and help understand the impact of preop opioid therapy on postop outcomes.
Opioid addiction is the number one health care issue in the United States with spinal ailments the leading medical condition associated with opioid addiction. Patients with chronic pain syndrome and opioid addiction going for spine surgery are at high risk for several poor outcomes, including life-long use of opioids. Current evidence-based methods to optimize patients prior to spine surgery have been: (1) transition from opioids to nonopioid medications, (2) cardiovascular exercise program, (3) smoking cessation, (4) alcohol cessation, and (5) psychotherapy to treat mood and maladaptive pain behavior.
Opioid therapy is effective in alleviating acute postoperative pain. However, benefits of chronic opioid therapy (COT) is a contentious issue corollary to concerns relating to long-term drug dependence, tolerance and misuse. Patients with adult spinal deformities (ASD) undergoing complex, multilevel fusions often require optimized pain management strategies tailored upon disease progression and the extent of deformity correction. In alignment with a national focus on regulating lenient prescription practices, investigating epidemiological trends and risk factors associated with postoperative consumption in patients with AS...
Patient access to current best evidence primary care treatment for acute lower back remains highly problematic. Treatment pathway models have the potential to improve patient access to care, provide seamless transitions from one form of treatment to another, optimize clinical outcomes, improve cost-effectiveness and reduce progression to chronic illness /pain. A standardized protocol of hospital-based outpatient clinic chiropractic lumbar spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) as a component of care for patients with acute lower back pain (ALBP) has been previously validated.
Opioid therapy is effective in controlling acute postoperative pain. However, the potential for abuse has been a national concern. Recent clinical trials have questioned the benefit-risk ratio of chronic opioid therapy (COT) in musculoskeletal disorders.