Nigeria: Tuberculosis - Country Has 'Sixth Highest Burden Globally'

[Premium Times] Nigeria has the highest TB burden in Africa and ranks at number six in the world, the Deputy Director, National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP), Ahmad Muhammad, has said.
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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We report a rare case of concomitant pulmonary TB and leprosy identified in the United States.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Between 2010 and 2013, the NLTCP succeeded in increasing the number of TB sputum microscopy laboratories. At most of the TB microscopy sites, the TB laboratory quality system was not implemented. The NLTCP of Liberia should develop strategies to overcome its challenges in TB laboratory testing. PMID: 31360175 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research
[Premium Times] Nigeria has the highest TB burden in Africa and ranks at number six in the world, the Deputy Director, National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP), Ahmad Muhammad, has said.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsWhile the needs assessment indicates substantial need for emergency medicine development in southern Madagascar, the yield (particularly for the metropolitan Fianarantsoa area) would serve the population well.
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
In this report, for the first time, lipid nanostructures coated with polysorbates (Tweens) were formulated by a hot dispersion method. By varying the amount of lipid, type of surfactant, and alcohol, dilution ratio etc., the formulation was optimized with respect to its stability, which is a central aspect of their potential applications. Their comprehensive physicochemical characterization was done using static and dynamic light scattering (SLS, DLS), small angle neutron scattering (SANS), zeta-potential, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniqu...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe recommend that bioarchaeological reconstructions of past disease experience take into consideration models that include variation in immune function based on past environments and social contexts. This provides a unique opportunity to conduct comprehensive analyses on complex immunological processes.SignificanceExtrapolating results from experimental immunology to larger populations elucidates complexities of disease cross-immunity and highlights the importance of synthesizing archaeological, social, paleopathological and biological data as a means of understanding disease in the past.LimitationsAll extrapola...
Source: International Journal of Paleopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusion: Both MTB and ML strain types differ between geographically separate populations. This is associated with ancient human migration after an evolutionary bottleneck and clonal expansion. The absence of indigenous leprosy in Europe today may be due to the greater mortality of tuberculosis in individuals who are co-infected with both organisms. PMID: 31137975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Human Biology - Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research
Abstract: The pathogenesis of leprosy is still not fully understood. Several studies have been performed on the involvement of T cells in leprosy and more recently have focused on genetic factors and innate immune response. There are still only few reports about the role of B cells in active leprosy lesions in different spectral forms of the disease. The literature on tuberculosis suggests that B cells play an important role in the regulation of the granulomas, in cytokine production, T-cell response, and antigen presentation. Only few studies investigated the role of B cell in leprosy. We investigated the distribution o...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Abstract Leprosy is a chronic neglected and stigmatizing disease. Due to involvement of the peripheral nerves, it can result in physical disabilities, deformities, and emotional damage if not diagnosed and treated promptly. This is the case of a young patient with testicular pain and swelling and no improvement after a specific therapeutic scheme for tuberculosis. Clinical and laboratory reevaluation revealed hypoesthetic skin patches associated with post-burn crusted ulcers on the left arm, thickening of ulnar nerves, atrophy of interosseous muscles of the hands, positive skin smear microscopy, and testicular histopatholo...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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