Reversed halo sign in acute pulmonary embolism and infarction.

Conclusion: The reversed halo sign very likely corresponds to pulmonary infarction in patients with acute PE. Its recognition may have important clinical implications. PMID: 23395814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Radiologica - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Acta Radiol Source Type: research

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The follow up of hospitalized patients in the intensive care unit is carried out for a period of 6 months (June 2018 to December 2018). In total 24 COPD patients are received for tobacco and 18 COPD patients for biomass.The most comon cause of admission in COPD patients for tobacco were infectious (pneumonia 66%), cardiac causes (AMI: 16.5%), complications related to cancer (12.5%), cerebrovascular accident (5%) while in the group of COPD by biomass the most common causes were heart failure (44.4%), pulmonary thromboembolism (28%), cerebrovascular accident (16.6%) and infectious process (11%).Different biochemical paramete...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: patients with CAP have thrombosis of lung vessels which differ from embolism or post-mortem blood clots. These changes reflect systemic thrombosis at patients with severe CAP and could be the reasons of increased mortality in this category of patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe overall VTE rate after CABG has been low. However, the condition has been associated with worse 30-day postoperative outcomes and complications. The independent predictors of VTE development included a history of bleeding disorders, congestive heart failure in the 30 days before surgery, and operative time of ≥310 minutes. Understanding these risk factors should aid physicians in the decisions regarding prophylaxis and treatment.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: James J, Thulaseedharan NK, Jayachandran NV, Geetha P Abstract Lemierres syndrome (LS) refers to suppurative thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein (IJV) secondary to oropharyngeal infection. It is caused by the anaerobic bacteria Fusobacterium necrophorum. Here we report a case of LS secondary to retropharyngeal abscess in a pregnant lady with possible underlying connective tissue disorder. A 19-year old primigravida at 6-weeks of gestation, presented with fever, cough, dyspnea, right sided neck pain and swelling. Imaging showed right lower lobe pneumonia with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and pleura...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1696942Since Virchow's autopsy studies in the mid-1800s, it has generally been believed that pulmonary embolism (PE) originated from the embolization of fibrin fragments from a deep venous thrombosis (DVT). However, a DVT is often not found in patients with PE (up to 50% of cases). Could fibrin form in the pulmonary vessels without coming from the periphery? In this review, the authors will try to support the hypothesis that a pulmonary thrombosis (PT) may develop. They will do so through different clinical models related to some pathological conditions such as pneumonia, chronic obs...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 September 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Matthew Muir, Rajan Patel, Nisha Gadgil, Iwen Pan, Sandi LamAbstractPurposeTo describe 30-day outcomes following craniotomy for arteriovenous malformation in children and identify risk factors for readmission, reoperation, and perioperative complication using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Pediatric database.MethodsPatients aged 0–18 years who underwent surgery for arteriovenous malformations (years 2015–2016) were identified from the NSQIP Pediatric database. Descriptive statistics...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, approximately 10% of Transient STEMI had no culprit found:Early or late intervention in patients with transient ST ‐segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: Subgroup analysis of the ELISA‐3 trialOne must use all available data, including the ECG, to determine what happened.Final Diagnosis?If the troponin remained under the 99% reference, then it would be unstable angina.  If it rose above that level before falling, it would be acute myocardial injury due to ischemia, which is, by definition, acute MI.  If that is a result of plaque rupture, then it is a type I MI.  The clinical presentat...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Julie Bittar, Joshua GazzettaAbstractGardnerella vaginalis is an anaerobic, gram-variable bacterium primarily found in vaginal microflora of women. Previous reports of G. vaginalis cultured in men are few and have primarily been limited to the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract.2−4 Few reports of G. vaginalis causing severe infections have been reported in the literature, including septicemia7 and two cases of perinephric abscess.8,9 There has been one previously reported case of G. vaginalis causing pulmonary com...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693450There is a paucity of literature comparing the relative merits of open arthrotomy versus arthroscopy for the surgical treatment of septic knee arthritis. The primary goal of this study is to compare the risk of perioperative complications between these two surgical techniques. To this end, 560 patients treated for septic arthritis of the native knee with arthroscopy were statistically matched 1:1 with 560 patients treated with open arthrotomy. The outcome measures included major complications, minor complications, mortality, inpatient hospital charges, and length of stay (LOS). Major ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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