How does reduction in pain lead to reduction in disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain?

Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research

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Objectives: (1) To assess the correlation of psychosocial factors and long-term outcomes of proximal humerus fractures all in surgical repair; (2) to identify specific psychosocial factors with favorable and unfavorable outcomes; and (3) to assess the correlation between DSM-V mental health diagnoses and long-term Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patients: Patients were screened and identified on presentation to the emergency department or in the clinical office for inclusion in an institutional review board–approved ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the folliculopilosebaceous units. It is characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules that may progress to draining sinuses with scar formation. HS often results in severe pain, disability, and disfigurement. It appears that genes play a role in HS, with an estimated 40% of patients having an affected first-degree family member. Research on a few families documents an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, but HS remains poorly understood without any large-scale genetic evaluations to date.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Hypersensitivity due to central pain mechanisms can influence recovery and lead to worse clinical outcomes, but the ability of quantitative sensory testing (QST), an index of sensitisation, to predict outcomes in chronic musculoskeletal disorders remains unclear. We systematically reviewed the evidence for ability of QST to predict pain, disability, and negative affect using searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, and PubMed databases up to April 2018. Title screening, data extraction, and methodological quality assessments were performed independently by 2 reviewers. Associations were reported between baseline...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Source Type: research
  Schizophrenia does not just affect the person with schizophrenia, but their families, also. This episode of Inside Schizophrenia explores the family relationships impacted by schizophrenia, both immediate and extended.  Two guests join us. The first is Chrisa Hickey, who is the mother of an adult son with schizophrenia and started an online site for parents of children who have a severe mental illness. The other guest, interviewed by co-host Gabe Howard, is Janel Star Withers, mother of host Rachel Star Withers. Janel shares her experiences with raising a schizophrenic daughter.  Host Rachel Star Withers, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Family General Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia Family Mental Health family mental illness Helping Families in Mental Health Crisis life with schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Authors: Bayoumi AB, Ikizgul O, Karaali CN, Bozkurt S, Konya D, Toktas ZO Abstract Antidepressant drugs can be advantageous in treating psychiatric and non-psychiatric illnesses, including spinal disorders. However, spine surgeons remain unfamiliar with the advantages and disadvantages of the use of antidepressant drugs as a part of the medical management of diseases of the spine. Our review article describes a systematic method using the PubMed/Medline database with a specific set of keywords to identify such benefits and drawbacks based on 17 original relevant articles published between January 2000 and February ...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Conclusion Despite a good one-year post-stroke functional outcome, non-motor disabling symptoms are frequent amongst patients returned home and able to be interviewed, contributing to a low level of participation and a poor quality of life. Rehabilitation strategies focused on participation should be developed to break the vicious circle of social isolation and improve quality of life.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion Auricular acupuncture is a promising practice for the treatment of chronic back pain in adults.
Source: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Disc degeneration (DD) is a significant driver of low back pain and few treatments exist to treat the pain and disability associated with the disease.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research
As I write this post today, yet again there are new theories being proposed for that most common of experiences: pain. Not only theoretical controversies, but even the definition of pain is being debated – is pain an “aversive” experience? An aversive sensory and emotional experience typically caused by, or resembling that caused by, actual or potential tissue injury. Some researchers have recently “found” a new nociceptive fibre (though they persist in calling it a “pain fibre” – once again perpetuating the idea that pain is one and the same with nociception). One of the ...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Pain conditions Research Resilience/Health Science in practice definition disability living well persistent pain Source Type: blogs
Semin intervent Radiol 2019; 36: 229-240 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693982Metastatic disease involving the pelvis is common, often resulting in significant pain and disability. Several percutaneous interventions for unstable pelvic metastatic disease have been described, including osteoplasty, ablation, and screw fixation, that when used alone or in combination can significantly reduce pain and disability from metastatic bone disease. While it is possible to make a significant impact in patient care with basic principles and techniques, certain advanced techniques can extend the application of percutaneous interventions while mi...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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