Office of AIDS Research Advisory Council (OARAC) - June 2019

The Fifty-first meeting of the OARAC will be devoted to presentation and discussions on: the OAR Director ’ s Report; update on the NIH Strategic Plan for HIV and HIV-Related Research RFI for FY 2022/2025; HIV/AIDS research activities across selected NIH Institutes; and public comments.Air date: 6/27/2019 8:30:00 AM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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Publication date: 15 October 2019Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 143Author(s): Shofarul Wustoni, Shaofei Wang, Juan R. Alvarez, Tania C. Hidalgo, Suzana P. Nunes, Sahika InalAbstractAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with severe memory loss and impaired cognitive skills. A common pathological change found in AD-affected brains is the accumulation of a peptide named amyloid-β (Aβ) that can form plaques. Aβ aggregates are visible to structural scanning tools; however, these bulky and expensive instruments are accessible to trained personnel in clinical ...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Authors: Kato M Abstract Diverticular bleeding accounts for approximately 26%-40% of the cases of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Rupture of the vasa recta at the neck or dome of the diverticula can be the cause of this bleeding. Colonoscopy aids in not only the diagnosis but also the treatment of diverticular bleeding after a steady bowel preparation. Endoscopic hemostasis involves several methods, such as injection/thermal contact therapy, clipping, endoscopic band ligation (EBL), hemostatic powder, and over-the-scope clips. Each endoscopic method can provide a secure initial hemostasis. With regard to the clini...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
[Monitor] Kampala -People living with HIV/Aids in Uganda have asked Ms Winnie Byanyima, the new executive director of the United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids (UNAIDS), to advocate for reduction of the price of third line Antiretroviral (ARVs) drugs.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
The risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) appears to be higher among heart failure patients who also have HIV infection, according to new findings.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
AbstractCarefully controlled clinical trials have determined that theory-based behavioral interventions delivered by adherence nurses, professional and paraprofessional counselors, and case managers improve ART adherence and viral suppression. However, there are no studies that empirically inform how much intervention is needed for which patient populations and at what cost. This Editorial raises the issue of how a lack of intervention dosing limits interpretation of trial results and impedes implementation, therefore calling for behavioral intervention dose-finding studies.
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the ability of different anesthesia providers to estimate heart rate and oxygen saturation in a simulation setting. Methods: Sixty anesthesia providers (residents, nurse anesthetics, and anesthesiologists) were studied. Four scenarios were arranged in a simulation context. Two baseline scenarios with and without waveform visual aid, and two scenarios with variation of heart rate and/or oxygen saturation were used to assess the accuracy of the estimation made by the participants. Results: When the accurate threshold for the heart rate was set at less than 5 beats per minute, the providers...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Peltekis A, Koulentianou M Abstract Despite the large progress during the last decades in the medical treatment of HIV/AIDS infection, people living with HIV nevertheless face multiple adversities at various levels of their lives. Mental disorders, in particular, are the most common comorbidities in HIV infection with negative consequences in adherence to antiretroviral medication, disease progress and overall quality of life. HIVrelated stigma, still quite intense in Greece, is one of the most debilitating factors concerning people's living with HIV mental health. The present study looked at the clinical ...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
Background: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) may be inherited as a rare autosomal recessive defect in zinc absorption or be acquired due to insufficient dietary intake or malabsorption. Sometimes the triad of diarrhea, depression, and dermatitis aids in the diagnosis of this entity. Nevertheless, in an adult patient with multiple comorbidities and multifactorial etiologies for diarrhea and mood changes, a thorough history and skin exam is essential for diagnosis.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
A 48-year-old woman with a history of AIDS and stage IV Hodgkin lymphoma status post chemotherapy and stem cell transplant presented with 8 months of painful perineal erosions and exophytic plaques. Her medical history was significant for acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) and multiple opportunistic infections. Examination revealed diffuse discontinuous eroded plaques in the perineum, and scattered skin-colored and hyperpigmented exophytic plaques with raised borders and central craters overlying the sacrum, gluteal cleft, and perineum.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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