Prevalence and factors associated with body image dissatisfaction among university students: repeated surveys analysis

Abstract Body image dissatisfaction may favor the onset of disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction between two surveys and to assess sociodemographic factors and link with university associated with body image dissatisfaction due to overweight and thinness. Two cross-sectional studies were carried out with samples of 1,085 and 1,041 public higher education institution students in years 2012 and 2014, respectively. The body silhouette scales measured body image dissatisfaction due to overweight and thinness. Sociodemographic variables (sex, age and marital status) and link with the university (study shift, university time and study areas) were the independent variables. Comparisons between surveys were performed using the Chi-square test and the association between variables by Odds Ratio (OR). There was an increase in the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction in students of the Engineering area between surveys. In 2012, younger presented lower chances of dissatisfaction due to overweight and the males higher chances of dissatisfaction due to thinness (OR: 2.06; 95%CI: 1.50 – 2.84). In 2014, males, younger, without partner, enrolled in the 2nd year of university and of the Health Sciences area (OR: 0.49; CI95%: 0.25 – 0.97) presented lowers chances of presenting dissatisfaction due to overweight. The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction due to overweight between surveys is high...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions:It is important to emphasize that not only do professional athletes suffer from it, but also good-looking amateurs and amateurs. PMID: 31684854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
ConclusionsFurther integration of psychophysiological and behavioral methods may identify subtle processing variations in ED, which may guide prevention strategies and interventions, and provide important clinical implications. Few implicit bias studies include male participants, investigate binge ‐eating disorder, or evaluate perfectionism‐relevant stimuli, despite the fact that perfectionism is implicated in models of ED.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
ConclusionThe high proportion of disordered eating attitudes among Kuwaiti college men was associated with high levels of body image dissatisfaction in relation to both body fat and muscularity. High levels of eating disorder symptoms were also linked to obesity.
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
American culture seems obsessed with dieting. According to the Centers for Disease Control, almost 70% of Americans over the age of 20 are overweight, including 35% that are considered obese. In kids and teens, it’s 17%. Meanwhile, the cultural ideal is to be fit, thin, and trim. The quest for body perfection has created a U.S. weight loss industry that was estimated to be worth $68.2 billion in 2017. In 2018, the fitness industry topped $30 billion. While 45 million Americans go on a diet every year and 54 million Americans paid for gym memberships last year, the sad reality is that most diets fail and most pe...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Eating Disorders Exercise Healthy Living Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder Disordered Eating food aversion Muscle Dysmorphia Orthorexia unhealthy dieting Source Type: news
You're reading 5 Surprising Things Stress Can Do to Your Body, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. You just got off a terrible meeting, your boss gave you an impossible deadline for the next project, your team is pushing you to make extra hours, and you still need to pick up the kids at school. Your body is in a “fight or flight response.” Your stress levels are high, you feel your breath get quicker and even feel your heart beating faster than usual. Although this is all a natural response from y...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured health and fitness self improvement stress Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is a self-report questionnaire for the assessment of addiction-like consumption of high-calorie, processed foods. The original scale was developed in 2009 and —for its tenth anniversary—we now review studies using its revised version—the YFAS 2.0.Recent FindingsThe 11 symptoms of food addiction as measured with the YFAS 2.0 demonstrated high internal reliability and a unidimensional structure in several studies, supporting construct validity. Similar to the original YFAS, highest prevalence rates of YFAS 2.0 diagnoses were found in individuals ...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
The objectives of this survey were to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors toward eating disorders among adolescents in Italy. The survey was undertaken between May and June 2017 among a random sample of 420 adolescents aged 14–20 years. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Only 22.8% correctly knew both the definition of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Female, overweight or obese individuals, and who had at least one parent with a college degree or higher level of education were more likely to have this knowledge. More than one third (38.8%) had a fear of getting fat. Female, ov...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Alexandra Neyazi1†, Vanessa Buchholz1†, Alexandra Burkert1, Thomas Hillemacher1,2, Martina de Zwaan3, Wolfgang Herzog4, Kirsten Jahn1, Katrin Giel5, Stephan Herpertz6, Christian A. Buchholz1, Andreas Dinkel7, Markus Burgmer8, Almut Zeeck9, Stefan Bleich1, Stephan Zipfel5† and Helge Frieling1*† 1Molecular Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry, and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School (MHH), Hannover, Germany 2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany 3Department of Psychos...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Teens are known to have a penchant for impulsivity and instant gratification. Even scientists have studied these habits and come to the conclusion that teen brains are simply wired for risk. But just what kind of at-risk or high-risk behaviors should parents be on the lookout for? To start with, at-risk behaviors are defined as anything that puts adolescents on the path to future negative consequences such as injury, poor health, incarceration and even death. Since most teens rarely think ahead to the consequences of their actions, it’s up to parents to recognize some of these dangerous behaviors and caution the...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bullying Children and Teens College Parenting Sexuality Substance Abuse Children At Risk Teen Depression Teen Drug Use Source Type: blogs
We presentedn = 34 women with anorexia nervosa,n = 31 women with bulimia nervosa, andn = 114 healthy controls with pictures of thin, average‐weight, overweight, athletic, and hypermuscular bodies. Identity was manipulated by showing each body once with the participant's own face and once with the face of another woman. Participants were instructed to report their emotional stat e according to valence and arousal and to rate body attractiveness, body fat, and muscle mass.ResultsWomen with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa displayed greater self ‐deprecating double standards i...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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