Use of an Early Onset-Sepsis Calculator to Decrease Unnecessary NICU Admissions and Increase Exclusive Breastfeeding.

To evaluate the effects of use of the Kaiser Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator (NEOSC) on NICU admissions, laboratory testing, antibiotic exposure, and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in full-term neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis. Most neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis appeared well and did not require NICU admission, laboratory testing, or antibiotic therapy. Rates of EBF improved after use of NEOSC was implemented. The practice change helped prevent adverse consequences, such as painful interventions and separation of the mother and neonate. No neonates were readmitted for sepsis.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ConclusionThese data suggest that a combined 2 h infusion with a higher dosage of meropenem, including a loading dose, may be successful to achieve effective PK parameters.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the extent of microbiological testing and the frequency of antibiotic alteration in adults hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We retrospectively studied 283 immunocompetent patients hospitalised with CAP. Information on microbiological testing and prescribed antibiotics was obtained. Patients were grouped according to the number of different microbiological tests performed within the first 2  days of admission (0–5 tests). Alteration rates were compared between these groups. Antimicrobial alteration was defined as a switch a...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractEarly appropriate antimicrobial therapy is crucial in patients with sepsis and septic shock. Studies often focus on time to first dose of appropriate antibiotics, but subsequent dosing is equally important. Our aim was to investigate the impact of fulfillment of early treatment, with focus on appropriate administration of first and second doses of antibiotics, on 28-day mortality in patients with community-onset severe sepsis and septic shock. A retrospective study on adult patients admitted to the emergency department with community-onset sepsis and septic shock was conducted 2012 –2013. The criterion &ldquo...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Casta ño et al. raise some question on the methodology of our recent paper investigating the usefulness of an antibiotic-free period prior to reimplantation in patients with Prosthetic Joint Infection (PJI) undergoing 2-stage procedure. Main questions are that the response rate obtained for patients unde rgoing definitive reimplantation after an antibiotic holiday period was lower than reported in their Literature analysis and that the difference reported was not attributable to the effect of continuous therapy, but to the surgical procedure (1).
Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A 36-year-old woman with resistant tricuspid valve endocarditis was successfully treated with linezolid in combination with daptomycin. PMID: 31201773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Am J Health Syst Pharm Source Type: research
We describe a case of CA-ECM in Portugal in an adult patient with discoid lupus erythematosus under immunomodulatory therapy. A 73-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with fever and altered mental status over 48 hours. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed 185 leukocytes/μL, including 85% neutrophils, hypoglycorrhachia (less than 5 mg/dL) and elevated protein of 423 mg/dL with positive culture for Escherichia coli. She was treated with ceftriaxone. Imaging studies also demonstrated spondylodiscitis and arthritis. She responded well to antimicrobial therapy and completed the treatment as an outpatient.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Condition:   Ulcerative Colitis Interventions:   Drug: amoxicillin, metronidazole and tetracycline;   Drug: amoxicillin and tetracycline Sponsor:   Wolfson Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Background: The need for antimicrobial therapies effective against multidrug resistant organisms for children remains unmet. Tigecycline shows antibacterial activity across a broad spectrum of bacteria and is approved for treating complicated skin and skin-structure infections, complicated intra-abdominal infections and, in the United States, community-acquired bacterial pneumonia for adult patients. No blinded, randomized phase 3 tigecycline clinical trials on neonates or children have been completed or planned. This review aimed to provide a comprehensive synthesis of all the existing data sources, both on-label and of...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with combination therapy of piperacillin/tazobactam and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or a fluroquinolone was effective in this study, with low mortality rates being observed. PMID: 31199227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results show an overall increase in bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents and emphasize the importance of an antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in the selection of appropriate antibiotic(s) to institute the rational antibiotic therapy. PMID: 31184594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
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