Epidemiological investigation of chikungunya outbreak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

ConclusionsFarming in the forest and poor vectors control are two risk factor of chikungunya infection. Therefore, using anti-mosquito repellent when farming and continuous and coordinated mosquito breeding sites elimination are recommended.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our results are similar to those reported from the state of Veracruz, Mexico, in which out of 33 samples of urine of patients with GBS two had a positive RT-PCR for ZIKV. Simultaneous processing of serum, CSF, urine, and saliva by RT-PCR may increase the success of diagnosis of GBS associated to ZIKV. Introduction In April 2016, a report of Epidemiological Surveillance for Zika virus (ZIKV) disease in Mexico reported 93 autochthonous laboratory-confirmed cases, collected between November 2015 and February 2016, and distributed amongst eight states of the country (1). In these patients, clinical manifest...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Adriano Queiroz1, Isabella Fernanda Dantas Pinto2, Maricélia Lima3, Marta Giovanetti1,4, Jaqueline Goes de Jesus1, Joilson Xavier1, Fernanda Khouri Barreto5, Gisele André Baptista Canuto6, Helineide Ramos do Amaral7, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis4, Denise Lima Mascarenhas8, Melissa Barreto Falcão8, Normeide Pedreira Santos8, Vasco Ariston de Carvalho Azevedo9, Marcos Yukio Yoshinaga2*, Sayuri Miyamoto2 and Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara1,4,10* 1Laboratório de Patologia Experimental, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil 2Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Quími...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives Arbovirus infections, such as CHIKV, have been growing worldwide and are becoming a major public health problem, especially in immuno-compromised classes such as children and the elderly. CHIKV is dangerous since it can cause arthritis, fever and other impairments, making it necessary to seek new ways to counter the proliferation of this virus. Knowing the vector’s competence is fundamentally important, including an understanding of the vector virus interaction and the modulation of this interaction. Despite advances in the knowledge of mosquito competence in the transmission of CHIKV, li...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract From April to September 2017, Bangladesh experienced a huge outbreak of acute Chikungunya virus infection in Dhaka. This series describes the clinical and laboratory features of a large number of cases (690; 399 confirmed and 291 probable) suffered during that period. This observational study was carried out at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. The median age of the patients at presentation was 38 years (IQR 30-50) with a male (57.3%) predominance. Hypertension and diabetes were the most common comorbidities. The mean (±SD) duration of fever was 3.7 (±1.4) days. Other common manife...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
On 31 May 2018, the State Ministry of Health (SMOH) of the Red Sea State in Sudan reported four suspected cases of chikungunya fever from Swakin locality, in Red Sea State. Among the signs and symptoms were sudden onset of fever, headache, joint pain and swelling, muscle pain and/or inability to walk. The first suspected case of chikungunya in the neighboring Kassala State was reported on 8 August 2018, in a male travelling from the Red Sea State. Since then cases have been reported in three localities of the State (Kassala, West Kassala and Rural Kassala). On 10 August, among 24 collected blood samples, 22 samples tested ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Abstract The northeastern region of Brazil has faced in the last 2 years the largest outbreak of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection in its history. There are still few studies on kidney involvement in CHIKV. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on CHIKV clinical manifestations and outcome. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the State of Ceara, northeastern Brazil, including all registered cases of CHIKV infection in the period from January 2016 to December 2017. Clinical manifestations were collected from the notification reports from official data bank from th...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Conclusion This study confirmed that the current outbreak in Karachi during Dec 2016-Feb 2017 is of Chikungunya Virus and may appeared in more frequent outbreaks of CHKV in near future as of dengue in Pakistan. We recommend surveillance for CHKV, its vectors and preparedness to prevent future outbreaks of CHKV infection in Pakistan. Corresponding Author Dr. Nadia Jamil is the corresponding author for this article. Email: diaraj@hotmail.com Data Availability Statement The raw data required to reproduce these findings are available to download from the following Figshare link: https://figshare.com/articles/Probes_and_Prim...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Journal of Critical Care, Volume 46Author(s): Pravin Amin, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Dilip R. Karnad, Guy A. RichardsAbstractChikungunya is an arbovirus that is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito causing a febrile illness with periodic outbreaks in large parts of the world. In the last decade it has become a public health concern in a host of countries and has affected international tourists. In the vast majority of cases Chikungunya presents as an acute febrile illness, associated with rash, headache, myalgia and debilitating arthralgia or...
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study represents one of the largest samples studied so far around the world describing the clinical profile of chikungunya infection. Our findings would contribute to establish an effective syndromic surveillance system for early detection and timely public health intervention of future chikungunya outbreaks in resource-limited settings like Bangladesh.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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