A Network Approach to Depressive Disorders

AbstractTreatments to depression often take a latent modeling approach whereby depressive symptoms are a common cause of the disorder. However, such an approach is not without problems. For example, covariance amongst indicators are deemed spurious. Network modeling has been proposed as an alternative way of explaining depression. The purpose of this article is to introduce the network approach and outline how it can be used to foster the development of effective treatment packages. Viewing depression as a network may result in a reduction in the number of patients experiencing depressive episodes.
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: CBT outstands as the preferred therapeutic approach for treating behavioural and emotional disturbances. Also, other related therapies such as dialectical behaviour, mindfulness, and acceptance and commitment therapies have been proposed, and probably in the years to come, more literature regarding their effectiveness will be available. On the other hand, evidence showed that interventions from the field of neuropsychology are minimal if compared with its contribution to assessment. Future research should be aimed at performing studies on more diverse populations (e.g., nonmilitary communities and paediatric a...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can effectively reduce menopause symptoms including hot flushes, depression and sleep problems, according to a study published inMenopause.Medical News Today
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
, Welton NJ Abstract Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depressed adults. CBT interventions are complex, as they include multiple content components and can be delivered in different ways. We compared the effectiveness of different types of therapy, different components and combinations of components and aspects of delivery used in CBT interventions for adult depression. We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials in adults with a primary diagnosis of depression, which included a CBT intervention. Outcomes were pooled using a component-level network meta-analysis...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether demographic and clinical variables are related to disengagement rates in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis in a clinical setting. METHODS: The medical records and symptom severity data (from Health of the Nation Outcome Scales) were analysed retrospectively for 103 referrals for CBT for psychosis in a National Health Service secondary care and Early Intervention in Psychosis team. RESULTS: Overall, 42.7% (n = 44) disengaged from CBT. There was no impact of gender or ethnicity, and no impact of clinical variables such as risk history and c...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Br J Clin Psychol Source Type: research
Abstract How best to support mental health of young people is an important public health challenge. More empirical researches are need to examine the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions and mental health in China. The present study reports results from a quasi-experiment following a one-group repeated-measures design which investigated the impact of a standard 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program in 81 Chinese undergraduates (14 males, 67 females, age 20.35 ± 1.35 years). Data was collected using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) at baseline, week 3, ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Condition:   Prevention of Antenatal Stress, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms Interventions:   Behavioral: Internet-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy;   Other: Usual Care Sponsors:   National University, Singapore;   Ministry of Education, Singapore Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
(McLean Hospital) People living with anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions may soon be able to use a smartphone app to deliver on-demand cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I), a way to change mental habits without visiting a therapist.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This study protocol aims to examine the effects on stress reduction of a modified MBCT for family caregivers of PWD.MethodsA prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial will be adopted. A convenience sample of 100 community-dwelling family caregivers of PWD will be randomized to either the modified MBCT or the control groups. The modified MBCT group will receive a 10-week, seven-session, group-based modified MBCT whereas the control group will receive a social interaction and routine education (SIRE) on dementia care program at a frequency and timing similar to those in the intervention group. Th...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Spinal Cord Injuries;   Anxiety;   Depression Interventions:   Behavioral: Guided ICBT;   Other: SCI rehabilitation mental health education Sponsors:   University of Regina;   Lawson Health Research Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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