Unusual Pattern of Reading Errors in a Patient with Posterior Cortical Atrophy

Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a degenerative condition characterized by a progressive deterioration of visual processing. Dyslexia constitutes an early and frequent visual symptom of the disease and previous comprehensive investigations in series of individuals have extensively documented a characteristic abundance of visual errors as the most prevalent error category in this population. Here we describe the profile of a patient with PCA, C.P., who presents an unusual prevalence of phonological, instead of purely visual, errors in his reading, in the context of an otherwise classic PCA phenotype. In keeping with the well-known PCA profile, C.P. exhibited deficits at the pre-lexical level with elements of crowding and defective early visual processing impairments but additionally showed an unusually prominent disruption of phonological processing. We also argue that our patient may have a refractory access type deficit in reading given that accuracy doubled with the introduction of a five-second response-stimulus interval. To our knowledge, no previous case of a refractory deficit affecting word reading has been reported in PCA. Our examination builds on previous knowledge about reading behaviour in PCA and describes a singular example of the rich phenotypic heterogeneity within the syndrome.Case Rep Neurol 2019;11:157 –166
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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