Control of respiratory drive by extracorporeal CO2 removal in acute exacerbation of COPD breathing on non-invasive NAVA

Veno-venous extracorporeal CO2 removal (vv-ECCO2R) and non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NIV-NAVA) are two promising techniques which may prevent complications related to prolonged invasive mechan...
Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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(American Thoracic Society) Traditional stoves that burn biomass materials and are not properly ventilated, which are widely used in developing nations where cooking is done indoors, have been shown to significantly increase indoor levels of harmful PM2.5 (miniscule atmospheric particulates) and carbon monoxide (CO) and to stimulate biological processes that cause lung inflammation and may lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Authors: Ingawale DK, Mandlik SK Abstract Inflammation is a physiological intrinsic host response to injury meant for removal of noxious stimuli and maintenance of homeostasis. It is a defensive body mechanism that involves immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators of inflammation. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroidal hormones responsible for regulation of homeostatic and metabolic functions of body. Synthetic GCs are the most useful anti-inflammatory drugs used for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, multiple sclerosis, te...
Source: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol Source Type: research
We report a case of a fatal Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) in a migrant from Kenya, who had been living in Germany for three decades. A short-course oral steroid treatment for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD) exacerbation had been administered four weeks prior to the presentation. The initial clinical and radiological findings suggested a mechanical small bowel obstruction as a cause of ileus. Our case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for strongyloidiasis in patients from endemic areas even years after they left the country of origin. It demonstrates that ev...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Compared to those without the AIDS-causing virus, people with HIV had a 34% higher rate of COPD and were diagnosed with the lung disease about 12 years earlier -- average age 50 versus 62, the investigators found.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
People with HIV have 34 percent higher rate of COPD than those without; smoking may be to blame
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Nursing, Pulmonology, AIDS, Journal, Source Type: news
Conditions:   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Heart Failure Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Cardiac function assessment Sponsor:   University Hospital Olomouc Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Respiratory InvestigationAuthor(s): Megumi Naka, Saki Shuto, Chisato Konishi, Koichi MaekawaAbstractBackgroundCigarette smoking is a major cause of COPD, with patients also presenting complications that stem from other smoking-related diseases, including urothelial cancer. However, the prevalence of COPD or airflow obstruction in urothelial cancer patients has not been well studied.MethodsWe investigated the prevalence of airflow obstruction (FEV1/FVC 
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the CAT can be applied to evaluate the lung ‐specific quality of life in SSc‐ILD similar to IIP regarding the pulmonary function, but it should be noted that pulmonary arterial hypertension in SSc‐ILD influences the CAT score.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conditions:   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Heart Failure Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Cardiac function assessment Sponsor:   University Hospital Olomouc Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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