Autism has surged by 43% among New Jersey children, report finds

Rates of autism among children have surged by 150 percent across the US since 2000, but New Jersey saw a unique 43 percent increase among four-year-olds in just four years, a CDC report found.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 16 April 2019Source: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical SciencesAuthor(s): Themistoklis PantazakosAbstractAutism's mainstream, behavioural treatment has recently faced allegations from neurodiversity activists, who claim that behaviourism is methodologically faulted and in serious breach of patient consent and human rights. In the present paper, I delve into this mounting controversy to suggest, contra behaviourism, that people with autism diagnoses do not just display a divergent set of behaviours, but shoul...
Conclusion: Although a cause–effect relationship cannot be firmly stated, an association between early trauma experience and cognitive impairment such as visual memory, as well as a relationship between negative symptoms and attention domains, is suggested by our preliminary findings. Future studies with larger sample sizes and prospective design will clarify the long-term effects of early exposure to trauma and its clinical meaning in terms of developing psychotic-related illness.IntroductionMore than 75% of patients with schizophrenia show some level of cognitive impairment, leading to poor functional status and im...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review aimed to examine contemporary findings on sex-related differences in autism spectrum disorder from pre-school to adulthood. By exploring the literature within developmental time points, it is possible to consider emerging lifespan patterns and determine consistency of results without the impact of developmental change.Recent FindingsFindings continue to be varied due to numerous methodological differences across studies. However, some results are more consistent than others. For instance, while there is no evidence for a sex difference in cognition in early childhood, there may be execu...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe introduction of eye-tracking technology has enabled researchers in the field of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to “look through the eyes” of individuals with ASD. In the article, we review research in the area with a focus on (1) the constructs that have been measured through eye-tracking paradigms, and (2) the application of this technology across different purposes, including addressing basic science ques tions, facilitating diagnosis, and measuring intervention mechanisms and outcomes.Recent FindingsMost eye-tracking research to date has focused on quantifying differences in soci...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
The purpose of this study is to develop and psychometrically of parental competence scale in parents of children with autism.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
The nursing regulator has highlighted the importance of protected time for new training for nurses on working with people with learning disabilities and autism.
Source: Nursing Times - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Authors: Baruah J, Vasudevan A Abstract The mammalian brain receives the lion's share of the body's blood supply and is a highly vascularized organ. The vascular and nervous systems arise at two distinct time points of embryogenesis; however, their functions tend to overlap or complement each other in the growth promoting milieu of the embryonic Central Nervous System (CNS). The pre-existing idea that mental disorders are a direct result from defects solely in neuronal populations and networks is gradually changing. Several studies have implicated blood vessel pathologies and blood flow changes in mental health dis...
Source: The Open Neurology Journal - Category: Neurology Tags: Open Neurol J Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Conclusions: PGC1β regulates breast cancer tumor growth and metastasis by SREBP1-mediated HKDC1 expression. This provides a novel therapeutic strategy through targeting the PGC1β/HKDC1 signaling pathway for breast cancer treatment. Introduction Breast cancer is a very common cancer with significant premature mortality in women. Around 12% of women in USA will have chance to be diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetimes (1, 2). The development of breast cancer is regulated by many factors, and even as average survival rates have increased significantly as a result of many advanced treatments, the ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study provides preliminary evidence that expressively verbal children with low-symptom severity ASD can successfully learn novel grammatical forms with intervention that comprises both explicit and implicit instruction. PMID: 30995120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
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