Celebrity 'Fat-Shaming' Affects All Women: Study

The impact of fat-shaming may be far-reaching because nearly three-quarters of Americans are overweight or obese, according to the latest information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Ashley E. Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Samantha Schleicher, Carlos Almeida, Alison Hartman, Angela Wackerly, Diana Alba, Suneil K. Koliwad, Elissa S. Epel, Kirstin AschbacherAbstractIn general, glucose consumption improves cognitive performance; however, it is unknown whether glucose specifically enhances attentional food bias, and how this process may vary by BMI status. We hypothesized that glucose consumption would increase attentional food bias among individuals of obese BMI status more so than among individuals of lean BMI status. Pa...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Anand Thirupathi, Yan-Zhong ChangAbstractThe gradual energy dissipation of all organisms allows adapting to energy demands. Pathological situations of uncured diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and other obesity-related diseases are caused by an abrupt energy imbalance. As an energy sensor, AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) can regulate the cellular energy status. In case of increased energy demands or insufficient nutrient supply, cells digest their own interior, which is called autophagy. AMPK-mediated autophagy regulates various metabolic and phys...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Expression and activity of the cortisol-activating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 is tissue and species-specific. Chem Biol Interact. 2019 Apr 25;303:57-61 Authors: Dammann C, Stapelfeld C, Maser E Abstract The microsomal enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) interconverts glucocorticoid receptor-inert cortisone (11-dehydrocorticosterone in rodents) to its receptor-active form cortisol (corticosterone in rodents). Thus, 11β-HSD1 amplifies glucocorticoid action at the tissue level. According to the current literature, dysregulation of glucocortico...
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Naaheed Mukadam, Andrew Sommerlad, Jonathan Huntley, Gill LivingstonSummaryBackgroundNine potentially modifiable risk factors (less childhood education, midlife hearing loss, hypertension, and obesity, and later-life smoking, depression, physical inactivity, social isolation, and diabetes) account for 35% of worldwide dementia, but most data to calculate these risk factors come from high-income countries only. We aimed to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) for dementia in selected low-income and middle-income countries (...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 56, Issue 5Author(s): Jennifer Trilk, Leah Nelson, Avery Briggs, Dennis MuscatoIntroduced by the American College of Preventive Medicine and released by the American Medical Association House of Delegates in 2017, Resolution 959 (I-17) supports policies and mechanisms that incentivize and/or provide funding for the inclusion of lifestyle medicine education and social determinants of health in undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education. Resolution 959 was passed to help address the current healthcare costs of lifestyle-related, n...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsSNAP participation may help boys maintain a healthy body weight but can be a contributing factor in being overweight or obese in girls who are long-term participants, or who are already overweight. Food security and participation in multiple food assistance programs may be important modifiers. These findings are relevant to policymakers who are considering reducing SNAP funding or restructuring the program. Further research that utilizes strong designs is needed.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsReceipt of physical activity medical advice was highest among adults with specific chronic health conditions, and this pattern was stronger among younger adults with diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. However, most health care–utilizing adults did not receive physical activity medical advice.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conditions:   Obesity;   Weight Loss Intervention:   Device: Laparoscopic Gastric Vest (LGV) Sponsor:   ReShape Lifesciences Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Caesarean Section;   Obesity;   Cesarean Section Complications Intervention:   Sponsor:   Karolinska Institutet Enrolling by invitation
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Glycemic Index;   Overweight;   Obesity;   Pulse Wave Velocity Intervention:   Other: Low glycemic load diet Sponsor:   Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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