C-section complication risk rises with mother's age

Pregnant women are more likely to have complications during labor and cesarean deliveries than during vaginal births, and a new study offers fresh evidence that older mothers are most at risk.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Authors: Amaral CK, Benevides ML, Benevides MM, Sampaio DL, Fontes CJF Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pregnant women are considered patients at risk for pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. The study aim was to evaluate the gastric antral cross-sectional area using ultrasound. METHOD: In this prospective study, 85 scheduled term pregnant women underwent gastric ultrasound. The outcomes were the measurement of the gastric antral cross-sectional area (main outcome), the estimated gastric volume, the incidence of pregnant women at risk for pulmonary aspiration, and the association between gastric antral ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research
We describe below how metagenomic and nutritional data were integrated into the algorithm in Tobalina et al. (2015). Metagenomic Data From Vallès et al. (2014), we collected 454 pyrosequencing metagenomic data of the gut microbiota of 13 Spanish infants at five different time points during the first year after birth (1 week and 1, 3, 7 months, and 1 year). For the second time point considered (1 month), we only have data for 9 out of 13 infants and, therefore, we have 61 samples overall. Information on sex, type of delivery, antibiotic exposure, and feeding habits for these infants is provided in Supplementary Tab...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
There is evidence to support the use of antenatal corticosteroids prior to late preterm birth at 35+0 to 36+6 weeks' gestation and for specific ‘at-risk’ populations, such as planned cesarean section birth and infants of women with diabetes in pregnancy, to reduce short-term neonatal respiratory morbidity. However, the overall size of effect at late preterm and term gestational ages is less than for early and moderate preterm birth and should be countered against the potential harms. Evidence from randomized trials suggest an increase in the incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia after corticosteroid use prior to l...
Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: In vivo exposure to remifentanil exerts a beneficial effect against excitotoxicity on the developing mouse brain, which is associated with a reduction in the size of ibotenate-induced brain lesion as well as prevention of some behavioral deficits in young mice. The long-term effect of neonatal exposure to remifentanil should be investigated. Introduction The potential neurotoxicity of anesthetics in the perinatal period prompted the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to release a drug safety communication warning in 2016 that stated, “repeated or lengthy use of general anesthetics or sedation ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Marjon E. Feenstra1†, Mirthe H. Schoots2†, Torsten Plösch1, Jelmer R. Prins1, Sicco A. Scherjon1, Albertus Timmer2, Harry van Goor2 and Sanne J. Gordijn1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 2Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands Objective: Management of late fetal growth restriction (FGR) is limited to adequate fetal monitoring and optimal timing of delivery. The Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study was carried out to evaluate embryotoxicity of CR decoction in vivo and in vitro, and to explore the mechanism of embryotoxicity from the perspective of bone metabolism.Materials and methodsIn animal experiments, pregnant mice were randomly assigned into 5 groups, i.e. mice were orally treated with CR decoction at dosages of 0 (distilled water, as negative controls), 2, 8, 32 g/kg/d (low, medium and high-dose group), and vitamin A (as positive controls), respectively. Maternal and embryo-fetal parameters were registered after cesarean section. The fetal skeletal development was further assessed with the alizari...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHealth care providers and especially obstetricians should be aware of the diagnosis of ruptured SAA in a pregnant woman with abdominal discomfort and hemodynamic deterioration. In addition, once an asymptomatic pregnant patient is diagnosed with a SAA, conservative surveillance may be allowed.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) — A new study from the University of Cambridge finds late pregnancy ultrasounds could prevent many emergency C-sections and even prevent some infant deaths. In 3-4% of pregnancies, babies fail to flip head down, leading to what’s called a breech presentation. Trying to deliver a baby feet or buttocks first can lead to serious complications for the baby, including death. But sometimes it’s not known that a baby is breech until delivery. At 36 weeks, it is still possible for a doctor to try to coax the baby head down by applying pressure to the abdomen, and if that doesn’t work, a routine...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall HealthWatch Ultrasound Source Type: news
Dominic Oliver1,2, Joaquim Radua1,3,4, Abraham Reichenberg5,6,7,8, Rudolf Uher9 and Paolo Fusar-Poli1,2,10,11* 1Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical Detection (EPIC) Lab, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom 2OASIS Service, South London and the Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom 3Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain 4Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockh...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nes...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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