Lower cholesterol may raise stroke risk for women, study says

General medical advice says that lowering cholesterol is a good thing, but for women, new research says it shouldn't be too low.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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In the Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl –Intervention Trial (REDUCE-IT) [1], among patients with elevated triglycerides on statins, ischemic event risk was lower among those who received icosapent ethyl vs. placebo. However, while coronary events were reduced in both REDUCE-IT and another pure EPA trial, Japan EPA lipid intervention stu dy (JELIS) [2], ischemic stroke risk was lowered in REDUCE-IT (HR 0.64, 0.49-0.85), but not decreased in JELIS (HR 0.97, 0.85-1.10). The discrepancy between these two pure EPA trials might be due to the varied race-ethnicity composition of participants, since pa...
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Remnant Lipoproteins Are Residual Risk Factor for Future Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease and On-Statin Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Increasing Upstream Chromatin Long–Range Interactions May Favor Induction of Circular RNAs in LysoPC-Activated Human Aortic Endothelial Cells Angus Li1,2†, Yu Sun1†, Charles Drummer IV1, Yifan Lu1, Daohai Yu3, Yan Zhou4, Xinyuan Li1, Simone J. Pearson1, Candice Johnson1, Catherine Yu5, William Y. Yang1, Kevin Mastascusa1, Xiaohua Jiang1, Jianxin Sun6, Thomas Rogers7, Wenhui Hu1, Hong Wang1 and Xiaofeng Yang1,7* 1Center for Metabolic Disease Research, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, activation of pDCs and glandular epithelial cells by external or endogenous triggers induce the production of type I IFN through TLRs. Type I IFN will lead to BAFF release and activation of B cells with consequent auto-antibody production. Moreover, type I IFN may directly activate T cells which secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines, thus contributing to induce a pro-inflammatory environment. In this scenario, a feedback loop may be postulated between IFN-α production and immune complex formation which will amplify the effect of activated type I IFN system on onset or perpetuation of SS. Role of Chemokin...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this post ‐hoc analysis, after 24 weeks of tofacitinib, increased HDL‐c, but not increases in LDL‐c or TC, appeared to be associated with lower future MACE risk. Further data are needed to test the cardiovascular safety of tofacitinib.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Full Length Source Type: research
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are likely to experience the same level of cardiovascular benefits as other individuals Related items fromOnMedica Lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes can have long-term effect Heart disease and stroke deaths plummet in Scotland Brexit could result in thousands of extra CVD deaths CHD and stroke risk seriously elevated with just one daily cigarette Obesity associated with worse mortality and higher CVD risk
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Conclusions In recent years, there have been many advances in the understanding of the molecular basis for vascular involvement in APS, but many areas need to be further investigated, in particular the association between altered genetic/epigenetic profiles, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations, and the effectiveness of new therapeutic strategies. It would be interesting to apply next generation sequencing technologies like RNA-Seq along with GWAS to screen both, the gene profile and the whole transcriptome of large cohorts of primary APS patients, in order to reveal the mutations/polymorphisms, post-transcriptiona...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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