Overlooked Long-Term Complications of Colorectal Surgery

Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1677027While colorectal surgery has been documented to have some of the highest complication rates in the surgical field, some of the more common, functional complications are often overlooked in the literature and in discussion with patients. Urinary, sexual, and defecatory dysfunction are common after colorectal surgery, especially after pelvic dissections, and may severely impact the postoperative quality of life for patients. These complications include urinary retention, erectile dysfunction, retrograde ejaculation, dyspareunia, infertility, and low anterior resection syndrome. The majority is rooted in autonomic nerve damage, both sympathetic and parasympathetic, that occurs during mobilization and resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum. While not all of these postoperative complications are preventable, treatment strategies have been developed to ameliorate the impact on quality of life. Given the high incidence and direct effect on patients, clinicians should be familiar with the etiology, prevention, and treatment strategies of these complications to provide the highest quality of care. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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Source: Nitric Oxide - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Toraih EA, Ameen HM, Hussein MH, Youssef Elabd AA, Mohamed AM, Abdel-Gawad AR, Fawzy MS Abstract Alopecia areata (AA) is a non-scarring hair loss of autoimmune etiology. The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene is believed to be an important driver in AA pathogenesis. Genetic variants can alter mRNA expression levels which may provoke an autoimmune response. A total of 337 males (97 AA patients and 240 controls) were enrolled in the current case-control study. On screening of the most frequent variants in the gene, rs2075876 (A/G) polymorphism in intron 5 was selected and genotyped using Real-Time PCR (polymer...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
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Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases - Category: Medical Law Authors: Source Type: news
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