New technique may improve CT scanner calibration

Scientists from the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: 3D-printed head phantom helps calibrate 7T MRI 3D-printed kidney phantom advances SPECT/CT calibration
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Conclusions The quantitative-gated SPECT and quantitative perfusion SPECT values obtained from images with shorter acquisition times correlated with the values obtained from images with a reference acquisition time of 65 s/view; however, tracer-specific predisposition should be considered. These findings suggest that it is possible to reduce acquisition time when performing simultaneous 99mTc-tetrofosmin/123I-β-methyl-p-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid dual-tracer imaging with the novel cadmium–zinc–telluride scanner.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveQualitative interpretation in bone scan is often complicated by the presence of degenerative joint disease (DJD), especially in the elderly patient. The aim of this study is to compare objectively99mTc-MDP tracer uptake between DJD and osseous metastases of the spine using semi-quantitative assessment with SPECT SUV.MethodsBone scan with SPECT/CT using99mTc-MDP was performed in 34 patients diagnosed with prostate carcinoma. SPECT/CT was performed based on our institutional standard guidelines. SUVmax based on body weight in 238 normal vertebrae visualized on SPECT/CT was quantified as baseline. A total of ...
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsMyocardial perfusion was recovered by steroid therapy in 61% and preserved in 8% of patients. Myocardial perfusion recovery after steroid therapy was significantly associated with a low incidence of MACE.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractFunctional imaging techniques are playing an increasingly important role in the management of pediatric cancer. Technological advances have pushed the development of hybrid imaging techniques, including positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, PET/MR and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT. Together with an increasing need to identify surrogate biomarkers for response to novel therapies, the use of functional imaging techniques, which had been reserved primarily for lymphoma patients, is now being recognized as standard of care for the management of many other pediatric solid tumors. The purpose of ...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Lai CH Abstract The neuroimaging has been applied in the study of pathophysiology in major depressive disorder (MDD). In this review article, several kinds of methodologies of neuroimaging would be discussed to summarize the promising biomarkers in MDD. For the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetoencephalography field, the literature review showed the potentially promising roles of frontal lobes, such as anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). In addition, the limbic regions, such as hippocampus and amygdala, might be the potentially p...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
AbstractNeuroimaging can provide important biomarkers and is very useful for supporting dementia diagnosis. This review summarizes the neuroimaging findings of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). In DLB, medial temporal atrophy is milder than that of Alzheimer ’s disease. 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose-positron emission tomography and brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography demonstrate hypometabolism and hypoperfusion in the occipital lobe, in addition to decreased metabolism and perfusion in the parietotemporal, posterior ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Wei L, Osman S, Hatt M, El Naqa I Abstract Due to the recent developments of both hardware and software technologies, multimodality medical imaging techniques have been increasingly applied in clinical practice and research studies. Previously, the application of multimodality imaging in oncology has been mainly related to combining anatomical and functional imaging to improve diagnostic specificity and/or target definition, such as positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT. More recently, the fusion of various images, such as multi-...
Source: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to investigate whether the frontal lobe bottom and cerebellum tuber vermis (FLB –CTV) line on brain perfusion scintigraphy, using iodine-123 isopropyl iodoamphetamine single photon emission computed tomography (I-123 IMP SPECT) images, is useful to determine an axial angle parallel to the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC–PC) line. We measured the angular differe nces between the AC–PC line and the FLB–CTV line on midsagittal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 100 patients. We also evaluated the angular differences of the FLB–CTV line between the IMP SP...
Source: Radiological Physics and Technology - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Sajjad Ahmadpour, Seyed Jalal HosseinimehrAbstractBreast cancer deaths occur mainly because of poor diagnosis in early stages that lead to tumor metastasis in advanced stages. Developing a high-sensitive early-stage breast cancer diagnostic tool based on single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) are urgent. There are several evidences to demonstrate the prominent roles of specific receptors overexpression in tumor initiation and progression of breast cancer. Targeting of specific receptor with...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Objectives Studies investigating the age-related impact on dopamine transporter binding have previously omitted the use of attenuation correction by computed tomography (CT). We aimed to explore the impact of age and gender on dopamine transporter binding on [123I]Ioflupane single photon emission CT (SPECT) imaging with simultaneously acquired CT. Methods Three hundred forty-two patients with clinically uncertain parkinsonian syndrome underwent [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT/CT with CT-based attenuation correction. Two nuclear medicine physicians independently performed a visual evaluation of all scans and only visibly normal...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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