Horseshoe appendix identified during laparoscopic appendectomy: A case report and literature review

Rationale: The horseshoe anomaly of the vermiform appendix is extremely rare. Preoperative confirmation of this anomaly is difficult; therefore, routine procedures, such as appendectomy, may become unexpectedly challenging when such anomalies are encountered during the surgical process. Patient concerns: A 33-year-old man presented with abdominal pain in the right lower abdomen owing to acute appendicitis confirmed via computed tomography. Immediate laparoscopic appendectomy was decided as the method for treatment. Diagnosis: Horseshoe anomaly was diagnosed as a gross finding during surgery. Intervention: First, the appendiceal base was resected and appendectomy was performed via the retrograde method because the appendiceal tip was curled behind the cecum. However, it was discovered that the appendiceal tip was connected to the lateral part of the ascending colon and showed a horseshoe-shaped anomaly. The second appendiceal base arising from the ascending colon was also ligated, and the appendectomy was completed without any further complications. Outcomes: After successful completion of appendectomy, the patient was discharged without any complications 2 days later. Lessons: An appendiceal anomaly is rarely seen during appendectomy or other forms of abdominal surgery; however, the ability of surgeons to both recognize and categorize an appendiceal anomaly is crucial if detected during surgery. After successfully recognizing the horseshoe anomaly of the appe...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

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Elias Estifan, Sushant M Nanavati, Vinod Kumar, Aarohi Vora, Moayyad Alziadat, Ahmed Sharaan, Mourad IsmailJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2020 12(1):34-36 Clostridium difficile colitis has been the most recognized bacterial enterocolitis for years and other bacteria such as Staphylococcus colitis has been relegated. Staphylococcus enterocolitis following antibiotics had been one of the most frequent complications in surgical patients in the 1950s and 1960s and now reappear with more resistance such as methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA) colitis which brings a new challenge. A 32-year-old Hispanic femal...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is crucial to understand the correct management of perforated appendicitis with abscess to avoid serious complications.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONInspection of the staple line, choosing the appropriate staple size and cartridge, and removing free malformed staples if seen should be employed during appendectomy to prevent rare but devastating complications.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Rationale: Mesenteric venous thrombosis is an uncommon but potentially fatal condition that can cause bowel ischemia. It results from a systemic hypercoagulable state or abdominal infection draining into the portal venous system. Several cases regarding portomesenteric venous thrombosis as a complication of appendicitis were reported in adults, but there are far fewer reports in pediatric patients. The mortality rate of the condition is high if untreated, especially in children, reaching up to 50%. Patient concerns: A healthy 15-year-old male with no significant past medical history presented with right lower quadrant...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsYoung women are particularly at risk for NA. Increasing the use of preoperative CT and incorporating imaging into the overall assessment of a patient seems to be actually the only way to reduce the incidence of NA without increasing the rates of perforation. Considering the relatively high morbidity after an NA procedure, every surgeon must carefully consider the risk –benefit balance prior to performing an appendectomy during diagnostic laparoscopy for suspected acute appendicitis showing a macroscopically noninflamed appendix.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
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