Does gestational age affect ultrasonographic findings of the hip in preterm newborns? A sonographic study of the early neonatal period

There are only a few studies in the literature investigating the effects of gestational age on developmental dysplasia of the hip. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of gestational age on hip ultrasound findings in the early neonatal period in preterm newborns born between 30th and 36th weeks of gestational age. Between January 2008 and December 2013, a total of 788 hips of 394 premature newborns with a gestational age of up to 36th weeks who underwent hip ultrasonography in the first week of their life were retrospectively examined. The distribution of roof angles and hip types in terms of sexes was compared between groups. Birth weight, birth height, α, and β angles were analyzed in terms of the gestational age. The mean gestational age was 33.07 weeks (SD 2.09; between 30th and 36th). Six hundred and seven hips were classified as type I, 154 as type IIa, 21 as type IIc, and 6 as type III. In the 30th week, type IIc hips in females and type III hips in males were statistically significantly higher (P=0.001). In the 34th week, type IIc hips in males were statistically significantly higher than the females (P=0.013). In the 35th week, type IIa hips in females hips were statistically significantly higher than the males (P=0.008). Among all preterm infants, type IIc hips were more common in the 30th, 31st, 32nd, and 34th weeks, whereas type III hips were statistically significantly more common in the 30th week (P=0.0001). The 30th, 31st, 32nd, and 3...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HIP & FEMUR Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Altogether, ultrasonographic severity of fatty liver shows good correlation with that of clinical parameters and hepatic pathology. PMID: 31808322 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
We present 4 cases of pathology-confirmed BIA-ALCL to illustrate varying presentations and imaging features of this disease process. Breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma presents most commonly approximately 10 years after implantation of textured silicone or saline breast implants. Patients may present with breast enlargement, peri-implant effusion, a palpable breast or axillary mass, lymphadenopathy, breast skin erythema, or pain. Diagnosis of BIA-ALCL may be confirmed by sampling of peri-implant fluid or biopsy of peri-implant masses or regional lymph nodes.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
A 63-year-old man with elevated prostate-specific antigen serum levels and enlarged prostate gland underwent ultrasound-guided transrectal biopsy, which did not reveal any evidence of malignancy. In order to help guidance of repeat biopsy, 68Ga–prostate-specific membrane antigen–targeted ligand PET (PSMA PET/CT) was ordered. PET/CT scan showed no abnormal PSMA expression within the prostate gland. There were, however, multiple PSMA-expressing osteolytic lesions throughout the axial skeleton. Bone lesion biopsy obtained for final workup revealed multiple solitary plasmacytomas with multifocal bone involvement. T...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: KWM was affected in approximately one third of patients with IH, which persisted 20 years after diagnosis. We think that these results may be due to adherence to the recommended protective diet and to the pharmacological treatment administered at the diagnosis of IH during childhood. PMID: 31806292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Liping Guo, Yongcai Sun, Yinglian Zhu, Baowei Wang, Lin Xu, Ming Huang, Yufeng Li, Jingxin SunAbstractIn the present study, the action mechanism of ultrasound (US) combined with sodium hypochlorite (SH) against Escherichia coli was illustrated by different analysis, including reduction, particle size distribution, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), K+ leakage, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and fluorescence spectroscopy of Escherichia coli. The results showed that ultrasound im...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Alonso-Fernandez D, Taboada-Iglesias Y, García-Remeseiro T, Gutiérrez-Sánchez Á Abstract CONTEXT: The architectural characteristics of a muscle determine its function. OBJECTIVE: To determine the architectural adaptations of the lateral gastrocnemius (LG) and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles after a functional eccentric strength training protocol consisting of heel drop exercises, followed by a subsequent detraining period. DESIGN: Pretest and posttest. SETTING: Training rooms and laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: The participants (N = 45) who were randomly divided into...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
In this study, we developed a novel boundary distance regression deep neural network to segment the kidneys, informed by the fact that the kidney boundaries are relatively consistent across images in terms of their appearance. Particularly, we first use deep neural networks pre-trained for classification of natural images to extract high-level image features from ultrasound images, then these feature maps are used as input to learn kidney boundary distance maps using a boundary distance regression network, and finally the predicted boundary distance maps are classified as kidney pixels or non-kidney pixels using a pixel cl...
Source: Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging Source Type: research
Authors: James AH Abstract This is the obstetrician's view on 3 different clinical scenarios involving bleeding and thrombotic disorders. In the first scenario, an 18 year old with a history of heavy menstrual bleeding since menarche presents with abdominal pain and ultrasound findings suggestive of a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. The association with an underlying bleeding disorder is recognized. The goals of management, which are controlling hemorrhage and preserving fertility, are stated. Ovarian suppression, the most effective method to prevent recurrent hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, is outlined. Long-term management ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Conclusions: Steato-ELSA is an accurate and inexpensive tool that uses simple parameters to identify individuals at high risk of liver steatosis.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLE: Original Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, EUS-GE provides symptom relief without the risks of surgical intervention and the limited patency of enteral SEMS placement. EUS-GE is an exciting new option in the management of GOO. Despite the excellent results, randomized studies comparing these different modalities of treatment for GOO are needed before EUS-GE can be accepted as standard of care.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
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