Chicken therapy helps 'to calm' autistic children

A learning centre uses chickens to teach autistic children trust and behaviour skills.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Barton BB, Segger F, Fischer K, Obermeier M, Musil R Abstract Introduction: Antipsychotic-induced weight-gain (AIWG) is a very important, yet often neglected side-effect in the treatment with first and second generation antipsychotics. AIWG can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses mostly concentrate on AIWG in schizophrenic and bipolar patients, even though antipsychotics are prescribed off-label across many other diagnostic groups (e.g. anxiety disorders, depression, autistic disorder).Areas covered: Pub Med and Web of Science were systemat...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Jessica A. Burket, Jerrah C. Pickle, Allison M. Rusk, Bronson A. Haynes, Julia A. Sharp, Stephen I. DeutschAbstractStress reactivity and glucocorticoid signaling alterations are reported in mouse models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Balb/c mice display decreased locomotor activity in the presence of stimulus mice and spend less time exploring enclosed stimulus mice; this mouse strain has been validated as an ASD model. VU0410120, a glycine type 1 transporter (GlyT1) inhibitor, improved soc...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSelf-injurious behaviours, such as head banging, hair pulling, skin picking and scratching, are common in individuals with autism. Despite high prevalence rates, there is a paucity of longitudinal research to refine models of risk and mechanism and inform service planning. In this longitudinal study, we investigated self-injury in a cohort of individuals with autism over 10  years to identify behavioural and demographic characteristics associated with persistent self-injury.MethodsCarers of 67 individuals with autism completed questionnaires relating to the presence of self-injury and relevant risk...
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, despite contrasting neurochemical profiles, partial glycine site agonists and glycine reuptake inhibitors exhibit comparable pro-cognitive effects in rats of poten tial relevance to treatment of schizophrenia and other brain disorders where cognitive performance is impaired.
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) often has a significant impact on all family members, including parents and siblings of the person who suffers the disorder. This case –control study explores potential factors that help explain the impact of having an older sibling with ASD on several developmental domains, and to test whether these factors could explain their satisfaction on family quality of life (FQoL).MethodsA total of 78 unaffected siblings of children with ASD (Sibs-ASD) and siblings of children with typical development (Sibs-TD) from 6 to 12  years old were evaluated.ResultsOur analyses show ...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between parent and child anxiety levels and child autism characteristics on the four domains of family accommodation; Participation, Modification, Distress, and Consequence. A community sample (n = 132) of parents of children on the spectrum completed questionnaires on their child’s autism characteristics and anxiety symptomatology as well as their own levels of anxiety and family accommodation behaviours. Regression models identified specific aspects of child anxiety as well as parent anxiety as predictive of family accommodation, with the child’s ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Pamela R. Westmark, Alejandra Gutierrez, Aaron K. Gholston, Taralyn M. Wilmer, Cara J. WestmarkAbstractThe ketogenic diet is highly effective at attenuating seizures in refractory epilepsy and accumulating evidence in the literature suggests that it may be beneficial in autism. To our knowledge, no one has studied the ketogenic diet in any fragile X syndrome (FXS) model. FXS is the leading known genetic cause of autism. Herein, we tested the effects of chronic ketogenic diet treatment on seizures, body weight, ketone and glucos...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Sukrit Gupta, Jagath C. Rajapakse, Roy E. WelschAbstractFunctional modules in the human brain support its drive for specialization whereas brain hubs act as focal points for information integration. Brain hubs are brain regions that have a large number of both within and between module connections. We argue that weak connections in brain functional networks lead to misclassification of brain regions as hubs. In order to resolve this, we propose a new measure called ambivert degree that considers the node’s degree as well as conne...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Mladen Rakić, Mariano Cabezas, Kaisar Kushibar, Arnau Oliver, Xavier LladóAbstractAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain disorder that is typically characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction, as well as restrictive and repetitive behaviors and interests. During the last years, there has been an increase in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help in the detection of common patterns in autism subjects versus typical controls for classification purposes. In this work, we propose a method for t...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) can be reliably diagnosed by 24  months of age. However, despite the well-known benefits of early intervention, there is still a research-practice gap in the timely identificati...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
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