Race/ethnicity, nativity, and lifetime risk of mental disorders in US adults

ConclusionsParental foreign-born nativity is associated with a low risk of mental disorders, but not uniformly across racial/ethnic groups or disorders. Exposure to the US context may be associated with greater mental disorder risk for Latinos and Whites particularly. Investigations of cultural processes, including among Whites, are needed to understand group differences.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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“Live in ‘parment.'” Back when Nat was transitioning out of school, at the beginning of his adulthood, we were able to learn from him that he wanted to liven in an apartment. For a year leading up to his turning 22, I searched for apartments that he could share with a roommate or two, and a live-in caregiver. I took him along. I don’t know which of us was more excited. I figured we’d fund it through Social Security and Adult Foster Care (a live-in caregiver who’d get a small tax-free stipend). Nat loved the city life he’d always lived, and so we wanted to duplicate this as closely ...
Source: Susan's Blog - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
We examined the effect of Mdivi-1 on trauma-induced brain damage in both vitro and vivo. In cells, Mdivi-1 significantly attenuated H2O2-induced mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) dissipation in PC-12 cells. Three days of Mdivi-1 treatment significantly reduced the cortical lesion volume, blood-brain barrier permeability, brain edema and oxidative stress. Mdivi-1 reduced activated caspase-3 release in the cortical border zone and hippocampal dentate gyrus three days after TBI. Furthermore, treatment with Mdivi-1 for 4 weeks rescued neurogenesis in DG and attenuated hippocampal atrophy. Regarding behavioral outcomes, ...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion:While there is no defnitive relationship between symptoms of depression or anxiety and shoulder range of motion in patients suffering from frozen shoulder, patients who suffer from depression or anxietyexperienced increased pain and limb disability.Keywords:Adhesive capsulitis, anxiety, DASH, depression, frozen shoulder
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Kellen Rosa da Cruz, Danielle Ianzer, Larissa Córdova Turones, Lilian Liz Reis, Gabriel Camargo-Silva, Michelle Mendanha Mendonça, Elder Sales da Silva, Gustavo Rodrigues Pedrino, Carlos Henrique de Castro, Elson Alves Costa, Carlos H XavierAbstractLVV-hemorphin-6 (LVV-h6) is bioactive peptide and is a product of the degradation of hemoglobin. Since LVV-h6 effects are possibly mediated by opioid or AT4/IRAP receptors, we hypothesized that LVV-h6 would modify behavior. We evaluated whether LVV-h6 affects: i) anxiety-like behavior and lo...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe extracted rules after experimentation are understandable and informative to the technical and nontechnical community to predict HBP.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-pregnancy maternal weight status and offspring physician visits for mental health conditions in childhood and adolescence. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of singleton infants born between the years of 1989 and 1993 using a linkage of the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database with administrative health data. Offspring were followed from birth to age 18  years. Maternal weight status was categorized according to WHO body mass index cutoffs. The number of physician visits for any mental health condition, mood, anxiety, and ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Functional coupling of Tmem74 and HCN1 channels regulates anxiety-like behavior in BLA neurons, Published online: 18 March 2019; doi:10.1038/s41380-019-0402-8Functional coupling of Tmem74 and HCN1 channels regulates anxiety-like behavior in BLA neurons
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractIncidentalomas are common in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine. These incidental findings (IFs) can be seen involving the spinal cord, nerve root, vertebral body, posterior arch and the extraspinal region. This review article describes the imaging findings, stratifies the IFs similar to the computed tomography (CT) colonography reporting and data system and briefly mentions the current recommendations for further evaluation and management of IFs. Radiologists are the first to detect these lesions, suggest further evaluation and management of IFs. It is therefore mandatory for them to be aware of recomme...
Source: Clinical Neuroradiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review describes (a) key features of the metacognitive model as they relate to anxiety and related disorders, (b) central components of metacognitive therapy (MCT), (c) the current empirical status of MCT, (d) recent developments, (e) controversies and (f) future research directions.Recent FindingsEvidence is accumulating that MCT is effective for anxiety and related disorders. Emerging evidence suggests that MCT may be effective with children and adolescents and compares well to other evidence-supported treatments such as cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based approaches. Evidence ...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study concludes that higher age appears to protect against anxiety, whereas neuroticism appears to increase the odds of experiencing anxiety.
Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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