Spontaneous pneumothorax - 5 years review

Introduction: Spontaneous pneumothorax is classified as primary when there is no known pulmonary disease and secondary when occurs as a complication of underlying lung disease, being chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the most common.Purpose: Characterization of patients hospitalized for spontaneous pneumothorax in the last 5 years.Methods: Retrospective review of 123 cases of patients hospitalized for spontaneous pneumothorax between 2013 and 2017. Clinical and demographic data, recurrence, complications and treatment were analysed.Results: The prevalence of spontaneous pneumothorax was higher in males (85%) and in those with smoking habits (51% of smokers). Primary spontaneous pneumothorax occurred in 71% of the cases and the average age of these patients was significantly lower (27±9 years vs 50±23 years; p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research

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In this report we discuss and highlight the rare pleural complications associated with GPA, and alert clinicians to monitor for these important complications even after disease-modifying treatment is initiated.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Condition:   COPD Interventions:   Drug: Ensifentrine 100mcg;   Drug: Ensifentrine 300mcg;   Drug: Ensifentrine 1000mcg;   Drug: Ensifentrine 3000mcg;   Drug: Ensifentrine 6000mcg;   Drug: Placebos Sponsors:   Verona Pharma plc;   Iqvia Pty Ltd Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   COPD Exacerbation;   CHF;   OSA;   COPD Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Multidimensional Dyspne Profile Sponsor:   Institut für Pneumologie Hagen Ambrock eV Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
We report a case of a neglected foreign body present in the bronchus of an adult for 23 years and treated as intermittent asthma. The diagnosis was revealed following the development of severe sepsis of a pulmonary origin. The foreign body was removed by rigid bronchoscopy, antibiotic therapy instituted and pre- and post-interventional respiratory physiotherapy carried out. Satisfactory progress was marked by the complete clearing of pulmonary suppuration, with only a small localized and asymptomatic focus of bronchial dilatation remaining. The persistence of chronic, unexplained respiratory complaints should prompt t...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Authors: Taytard J, Boizeau P, Alberti C, Beydon N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The reference technique to measure the diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLco) is the single-breath method (sb). For patients unable to perform this method, the rebreathing method (rb) can be used. However, the clinical relevance of DLCOrb has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of the rb method in children seen in a clinical setting and its relationships with sb method. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We prospectively included children referred for 1) a suspected or confirmed interstitial lung d...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 September 2019Source: Journal of Dental SciencesAuthor(s): Fang-yi Wu, Jeng-fen LiuAbstractBackground/purposeAsthma is a common, chronic disease that causes respiratory symptoms in children. Dental caries is also a common chronic disease in the pediatric population. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between asthma medications and dental caries among children in Taiwan.Materials and methodsThe Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used in this retrospective cohort study to analyze the correlation between asthma and dental caries ...
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Artificial intelligence (AI) software developer Zebra Medical Vision has signed...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Zebra's AI algorithm for CT brain bleeds gets FDA OK FDA clears Zebra's AI algorithm for pneumothorax Zebra gets new patent for bone density analysis Zebra wins CE Mark for emergency imaging AI algorithms Israel awards Zebra 3 grants for AI algorithms
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
ConclusionsEndovascular coil fiducial placement for lung SBRT is associated with high procedural success rates and lower rates of clinically relevant complications than transthoracic marker placement.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study shows that LUS is highly feasible and frequently detects postoperative pulmonary complications after major abdominal surgery. Discordant observations in atelectasis and pleural effusions for LUS and CXR can be explained by a superior diagnostic ability of LUS in detecting these conditions. The effects of LUS as primary imaging modality on patient outcome should be evaluated in future studies.
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results revealed that the EAT-10 was independently associated with the 100-mL WST and respiratory disease. We propose that swallowing rehabilitation incorporating respiratory training could be effective for older people screened using the EAT-10.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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