U.S. Supreme Court Refuses To Hear 'Popcorn Lung' Personal Injury Case

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Supreme Court on Nov. 3 denied certiorari in a personal injury case for what is called "popcorn lung" brought against the makers of artificial butter flavoring used in microwave popcorn (Diacetyl Plaintiffs v. Aaroma Holdings LLC, No. 14-71, U.S. Sup.; See 10/7/14, Page 4).
Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News - Category: Medical Law Source Type: news

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Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD) remains the third leading cause of death in patients with cystic fibrosis. Although most patients with CFLD present in childhood, recent studies suggest a second wave of liver disease in adulthood. There are no clear guidelines for diagnosing CFLD. Treatment options for CFLD remain limited, and while UDCA is widely used, its long-term benefit is unclear. Those who develop hepatic decompensation or uncontrolled variceal bleeding may benefit from liver transplant, either alone, or in combination with lung transplant.
Source: Clinics in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that ESS is associated with a reduction in the frequency of antibiotic utilization for respiratory tract infections in lung transplant recipients with CF. A prospective study is needed to investigate these relationships further. PMID: 30781973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Am J Rhinol Allergy Source Type: research
How could a country keep around 1.4 billion people healthy when the system struggles with corruption, lack of resources and an aging population? China, the emerging giant with a strong central leadership fostering technology and innovation, places its bets on artificial intelligence, telemedicine, cloud-based hospitals, and WeChat. While that could sound like an ultimate technological paradise, the question is, what are they going to do with the vast amount of data or to what interests are they going to leverage their state of the art A.I. systems? Generally, how will we speak about digital health in China: a healthcare dy...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Bioethics Future of Medicine Medical Professionals Patients Policy Makers AI chatbot china digital digital health Healthcare Innovation smartphone technology telehealth telemedicine Source Type: blogs
AbstractAimsPatients with heart failure (HF) are known to have a reduced pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), but little is known about how lung function relates to central haemodynamics. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between haemodynamic variables and pulmonary diffusion capacity adjusted for alveolar volume in congestive HF patients and to analyse how predicted DLCO/VA affects mortality in relation to the haemodynamic status.Methods and resultsWe retrospectively studied right heart catheterization (RHC) and lung function data on 262 HF patients (mean age 51  ±&nb...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
We have read with great interest the case report by Pujol et al entitled Synchronous multiple non-small cell lung cancers in an allograft lung recipient [1], about a young cystic fibrosis lung transplant recipient who developed metastatic lung cancer. We would like to comment on this ‘rare’ long-term complication post lung transplantation. Recent registry data from the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation showed that the overall incidence of a malignancy post lung transplantation at 1, 5 and 10 years is 5.3%, 19.6% and 31.7% respectively [2] In observation al studies the incidence of lung can...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to examine outcomes of patients who received ECMO as a bridge to lung transplantation.MethodsStatistical analysis was performed on data gathered retrospectively from the electronic medical records of adult patients who received ECMO as BTT at Columbia University Medical Center from April 2009 through July 2018.ResultsOne hundred and twenty-one adult patients were placed on ECMO as bridge to lung transplantation. Seventy (59%) patients were successfully bridged to lung transplantation. Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, unplanned endotracheal intubation, renal replacement therapy, and cerebrovascular acci...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the most important contributor to early morbidity and mortality in lung transplant recipients and reflects a combination of allograft ischemia-reperfusion injury, vasogenic pulmonary edema and inflammatory changes mediated by the innate immune system.1,2,3 Patients who develop PGD are at increased risk of poor lung function and death.4-6 There are limited therapeutic options available to patients who develop PGD after lung transplantation and as such, the main focus has been on the identification of risk factors for PGD and prevention strategies.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
Mechanical circulatory support devices, i.e., Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs), are increasingly utilized for hemodynamic restoration in patients with advanced and end-stage heart failure.1 The latest generation of miniaturized, continuous-flow LVADs has afforded enhanced patient survival and quality of life compared to earlier pulsatile pneumatic systems, and is now approved for both bridge-to-transplant as well as for definitive destination therapy.1 Despite clinical efficacy of these devices, LVAD thrombosis, either in the form of pump thrombosis or as thromboembolic events, remains a common and vexing complicati...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Athena EngmanAbstractThe concept of biographical disruption has now enjoyed nearly 40 years of use in medical sociology. This paper argues that taking an embodied approach to biographical disruption helps to explain the concept's enduring efficacy. Drawing on the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and contemporary theories of embodiment inspired by his phenomenology, this paper advances that biographical disruption involves, in the first instance, a disruption to the ability to enact an embodied orientation towards the world. Biogr...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Takahiro Okano, Ayako Okada, Hiroaki Tabata, Hideki Kobayashi, Wataru Shoin, Koji Yoshie, Yasutaka Oguchi, Morio Shoda, Koichiro KuwaharaAbstractA 73-year-old woman underwent radiofrequency hot balloon ablation (RHBA) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. After delivery into the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV), the guidewire perforated the venous wall. We injected contrast medium while the inflated balloon occluded the PV. Subsequently, bronchial-pulmonary venous fistula (BPVF) occurred and the severe hypoxia caused pulseless...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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