Introduction to the Research Symposium Forum

Purpose The purpose of this introduction is to provide an overview of the articles contained within this research forum ofJSLHR. Each of these articles is based upon presentations from the 2017 ASHA Research Symposium.
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Whilst dysphagia is a commonly reported complication of stroke, it has received relatively little attention in the literature for patients following non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). AIMS: To investigate dysphagia incidence, risk factors, clinical progression and recovery in patients following non-traumatic SAH. METHODS &PROCEDURES: A prospective cohort study of 49 patients admitted to a tertiary neurosurgical referral unit with non-traumatic SAH over a 12-month period was conducted. Swallowing function was assessed by a speech-language pathologist within 72 h of medi...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study is the analysis of postural changes of patients affected by vocal disorders post-thyroidectomy, in the absence of post-operative organ damage, through a stabilometry analysis, evaluating the effectiveness of a speech-language intensive treatment in phoniatric and postural quality recovery. 260 patients with vocal dysfunction after surgery without iatrogenic damage were enrolled. 130 patients were subject to post-surgical logopedic rehabilitative training (Group A); other 130 patients were not subject to any post-surgical treatment (Group B). For all patients, vocal and stabilometric parameters...
Source: Updates in Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions FOXP2 and CNTNAP2 may be informative in predicting oral feeding outcomes in newborns. Salivary analysis at the start of oral feeding trials may inform feeding outcomes in this population and warrants further investigation. PMID: 32650666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusions LCA of MBSImP task-level data revealed significant underlying oral and pharyngeal ordinal class structures representing increasingly severe gradations of physiologic swallow impairment. Clinically meaningful OT and PT score ranges were derived facilitating latent class assignment. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12315677. PMID: 32650665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusions Stroke lesion locations have been identified that are commonly associated across patients with the occurrence and recovery of dysphagia, suggesting that clinical brain scans provide useful information for improving the diagnosis and treatment of patients with stroke. However, individual differences in brain structure and function limit the generalizability of these relationships and emphasize that the extent of the motor and sensory pathology in swallowing, and how the patient recovers, also depends on a patient's individual brain constitution. The involvement of the damaged brain tissue in swallowing control b...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusion Dietary modification is an often-used method of dysphagia management that presents unique challenges to the clinician for successful application. Speech-language pathologists in clinical practice across all settings must remain dedicated to evidence-based practice as they navigate service delivery of this strategy to individuals with dysphagia across the life span. PMID: 32650663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusions The CSE remains a crucial assessment tool for the speech-language pathologist. The experienced clinician can make important judgments regarding patient safety and function. If the CSE is conducted mindfully and methodically, findings can help chart the course of care for individuals needing additional assessment and possibly intervention. PMID: 32650662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusion Screening is a critical first step in the identification of individuals at risk for feeding problems and dysphagia across the life span. Understanding the difference between screening and assessment objectives as well as having the knowledge, skills, and clinical competency to implement psychometrically sound screening approaches is a recommended clinical practice standard for SLPs working with these clinical populations. This clinical focus article summarizes critical considerations for identifying individuals at risk for feeding problems and dysphagia across the life span to guide clinicians working with dysph...
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusion Early studies indicate these emerging neurostimulatory techniques hold future therapeutic promise. However, both a greater number of and larger clinical trials are required to provide evidence delineating their efficacy and scope of application. PMID: 32650660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
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