Masthead
(Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions Reveal an Efficient Auditory Efferent Network
Conclusions The results suggest that even the earliest stages of speech comprehension are modulated by top-down influences, resulting in changes to SOAEs depending on the presence of bimodal or unimodal input. Neural processes responsible for changes in cochlear function are sensitive to redundancy across auditory and visual input channels and coordinate activity to maximize efficiency in the auditory periphery. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Vocal Biomarkers of Mild-to-Moderate Hearing Loss in Children and Adults: Voiceless Sibilants
Conclusions At least one aspect of speech production (voiceless sibilants) is measurably affected by high-frequency hearing loss and is related to speech perception in children. Speech production did not predict speech perception in adults, suggesting a more complex relationship between auditory feedback and feedforward mechanisms with age. Even so, these results suggest that this vocal biomarker may be useful for identifying the presence of high-frequency hearing loss in adults and children and for predicting the impact of hearing loss in children. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Effect of Dual-Carrier Processing on the Intelligibility of Concurrent Vocoded Sentences
Conclusions The data showed a clear benefit of using a distinct carrier to convey each sentence (i.e., DC processing). Accordingly, the poor speech intelligibility in noise typically observed with SC-vocoded speech may be partly attributed to the envelope of independent sound sources sharing the same carrier. Moreover, this work suggests that noise reduction may not be the only viable option to improve speech intelligibility in noise for users of cochlear implants. Alternative approaches aimed at enhancing sound source segregation such as DC processing may help to improve speech intelligibility while preserving and enhanci...
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Time Course of the Second Morpheme Processing During Spoken Disyllabic Compound Word Recognition in Chinese
Conclusion Findings in this study suggest that semantic information of both the 2nd morpheme and the whole word of a compound was activated in spoken word recognition and that the meaning activation of the 2nd morpheme followed the activation of the whole word. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The Dimensionality of Oral Language in Kindergarten Spanish –English Dual Language Learners
Conclusions These results indicate that a general language ability may underlie development in both Spanish and English. In contrast to a unidimensional structure found for monolingual English-speaking kindergarteners, oral language appears to be multidimensional in Spanish –English DLL kindergarteners, but multidimensionality is reflected in Spanish, not English. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Measuring Articulation Rate: A Comparison of Two Methods
Conclusions The MAR method is a valid method to measure articulation rate. However, it cannot be used interchangeably with the prevailing global method. Further standardization of the MAR method is needed before general clinical use can be suggested. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Minimally Detectable Change and Minimal Clinically Important Difference of a Decline in Sentence Intelligibility and Speaking Rate for Individuals With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Conclusions The findings suggest that declines greater than 12% sentence intelligibility and 37 WPM are required to be outside measurement error and that these estimates vary widely across dysarthria severities. The MDC and MCID metrics used in this study to detect real and clinically relevant change should be estimated for other measures of speech outcomes in intervention research. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A Survey of Clinician Decision Making When Identifying Swallowing Impairments and Determining Treatment
Conclusions Poor to modest agreement in swallowing impairment identification, frequent false positives, and wide variability in treatment planning recommendations suggest that additional research and training in healthy and disordered swallowing are needed to increase accurate dysphagia diagnosis and treatment among clinicians. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Human Voice as a Measure of Mental Load Level
Conclusions Some acoustic parameters of the human voice could be an appropriate and efficient means for detecting mental load levels. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Treating Speech Movement Hypokinesia in Parkinson's Disease: Does Movement Size Matter?
Conclusions This study demonstrated that using an augmented visual feedback approach is beneficial, beyond a verbal cue alone, in addressing articulatory hypokinesia in individuals with PD. An optimal degree of articulatory expansion might, however, be required to elicit a speech intelligibility benefit. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The Shape Bias in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Potential Sources of Individual Differences
Conclusions These findings suggest that no single account sufficiently explains the observed individual differences in shape bias performance in children with ASD. Nonetheless, these findings break new ground in highlighting the role of social communicative interactions as integral to understanding specific language outcomes (i.e., the shape bias) in children with ASD, especially those with low verbal abilities, and point to new hypotheses concerning the linguistic content of these interactions.Presentation Videohttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7299581 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Early Motor and Communicative Development in Infants With an Older Sibling With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Conclusions Advances in communicative and language development are supported by advances in motor skill. When these advances are slowed and/or when new skills are not consolidated and remain challenging for the infant, the enhanced potential for exploration afforded by new abilities and the concomitant increase in opportunities for learning are reduced. Improving our understanding of communicative delays of the sort observed in ASD and developing effective intervention methods requires going beyond the individual to consider the constant, complex interplay between developing communicators and their environments.Presentatio...
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Lexical Development in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): How ASD May Affect Intake From the Input
Conclusion Our review of studies that examine lexical development in children with ASD suggests that innovative intervention approaches that take into account both the social communication and processing demands of the learning situation may be particularly beneficial. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Executive Function Skills in School-Age Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Association With Language Abilities
Conclusions There is a need for future research to examine the direction of influence between EF and language. It would be beneficial for EF interventions with children with ASD to consider language outcomes and, conversely, to examine whether specific language training facilitates aspects of executive control in children on the autism spectrum.Presentation Videohttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7298144 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

SMARTer Approach to Personalizing Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Conclusion Bridging the gap between research studies and clinical practice can be advanced by research that attempts to answer questions pertinent to the broad heterogeneity in children with autism spectrum disorder, their response to interventions, and the fact that a single intervention is not effective for all children.Presentation Videohttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7298021 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Changing Developmental Trajectories of Toddlers With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Strategies for Bridging Research to Community Practice
Conclusions Current health care and education systems are challenged to provide intervention of adequate intensity for toddlers with ASD. The use of innovative technology can increase acceleration of access to evidence-based early intervention for toddlers with ASD that addresses health disparities, enables immediate response as soon as ASD is suspected, and rapidly bridges the research-to-practice gap.Presentation Videohttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7297817 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Introduction to the Research Symposium Forum
Purpose The purpose of this introduction is to provide an overview of the articles contained within this research forum ofJSLHR. Each of these articles is based upon presentations from the 2017 ASHA Research Symposium. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - November 8, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Pilot Study of Audiometric Patterns in Fuchs Corneal Dystrophy
Conclusion In the first study to use objectively measured hearing, FCD was associated with poorer low-frequency and better high-frequency audiometric thresholds than population controls. Further studies are needed to characterize this relationship. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Hearing Loss Treatment in Older Adults With Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review
Conclusion Based on the systematic review, evidence suggests that treating hearing loss in persons with cognitive impairment can have benefits to communication and quality of life. Because of the quasi- and nonexperimental nature of most of the evidence found in this review, further studies are necessary to understand the effect of treatment in the context of a variable and progressive disease. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Perceptual Organization of Interrupted Speech and Text
Conclusion The observed rate-specific variation in the perception of speech and text may potentially affect the degree to which recognition accuracy in one modality is predictive of the other. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Development of Phonological, Lexical, and Syntactic Abilities in Children With Cochlear Implants Across the Elementary Grades
Conclusions Congenital hearing loss puts children at continued risk of language deficits, especially for phonologically based skills. Two interventions that appear to ameliorate that risk are providing a period of bimodal stimulation and strong literacy instruction. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Dynamic Assessment of Narratives Among Navajo Preschoolers
Conclusion The PEARL is a promising assessment for accurately differentiating Navajo preschool children with LI from those with TD language, particularly with a revised pretest cutoff score. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Changes in English Past Tense Use by Bilingual School-Age Children With and Without Developmental Language Disorder
Discussion Contrary to an earlier report (Jacobson& Schwartz, 2005), the relative greater difficulty with regular and novel verbs was replaced by greater difficulty for irregular past tense, a pattern consistent with monolingual impairment. Age was a contributing factor, particularly for younger children with DLD who produced more stem + ing errors in the novel verb condition. For all children, and particularly for those with DLD, an extended period for irregular past tense learning was evident. The results support a usage-based theory of language acquisition and impairment. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Explaining Reading Comprehension in Children With Developmental Language Disorder: The Importance of Elaborative Inferencing
Conclusions These results indicate that interventions targeting the reading comprehension of children with DLD should focus on elaborative inferencing skill. There are also clinical implications as the development of new standardized assessments differentiating between inference types is called for. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Characteristics of Speech Rate in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Longitudinal Study
Conclusions There were no significant age-related differences in speech rate in children with CP regardless of group membership. Sentence length differentially impacted speech rate and its characteristics in both groups of children with CP. This may be due to cognitive –linguistic and/or speech motor control factors. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Examining Factors Influencing the Viability of Automatic Acoustic Analysis of Child Speech
Conclusions Alignment accuracy of child speech can be improved by using more specific training and transcription. However, poor alignment accuracy was not found to impede acoustic analysis of /s/ produced by even very young children. Thus, forced alignment presents a useful tool for the analysis of child speech.Supplemental Materialhttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7070105 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Bilingual Speech Sound Development During the Preschool Years: The Role of Language Proficiency and Cross-Linguistic Relatedness
Conclusions This study is the first to document developmental changes in the speech patterns of Spanish –English bilingual preschool children over 1 year. Accuracy rates improved significantly in both languages, suggesting that enhanced exposure to the majority language at school may not impede phonological development in the home language. Bootstrapping effects were particularly pronounced on cross -linguistically shared sounds, which suggests that the same underlying skills are utilized in both languages, whereas language-specific singleton consonants and consonant clusters did not appear to benefit from exposure t...
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Chiari Type I Malformation Associated With Verbal Fluency Impairment
Conclusions From the results of this study, it can be concluded that people suffering from CM exhibit less verbal fluency than healthy control individuals and that this difference is not caused by depression or anxiety. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The Mandarin Version of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) and Its Reliability
Conclusions The Mandarin CAPE-V addresses some limits of the English version. It also demonstrates good intrarater and interrater reliability, comparable to those of GRBAS. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - October 26, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Pure-Tone Frequency Discrimination in Preschoolers, Young School-Age Children, and Adults
Conclusions Thresholds for school-age children were broadly similar to those previously observed using a forced-choice procedure. Although there was a trend for improved performance with increasing age, no significant age effect was observed between preschoolers and school-age children. The practice of excluding participants based on failure to meet conditioning criteria in an observer-based task could contribute to the relatively good performance observed for preschoolers in this study and the adultlike performance previously observed in infants. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Preference for Infant-Directed Speech in Infants With Hearing Aids: Effects of Early Auditory Experience
Conclusions Infants with HAs appear to have sufficient access to the acoustic cues in the speech that allow them to develop an age-equivalent IDS preference. This may be attributed to a combination of being able to use the hearing they do have before receiving HAs and early device fitting. Given previously demonstrated positive associations between IDS preference and language development, this research encourages early interventions focusing on maximizing early auditory experience in infants with hearing loss.Supplemental Materialhttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.6906365 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Reliability of Measures of N1 Peak Amplitude of the Compound Action Potential in Younger and Older Adults
Conclusions Our results suggest that measurements of AN activity can be robustly and reliably recorded in both younger and older adults using either peak-to-peak or baseline-corrected measurements of the N1 of the CAP. Peak-to-peak measurements yield larger N1 response amplitudes and are the default measurement type for many clinical systems, whereas baseline-corrected measurements are computationally simpler. Furthermore, the relationships between AN activity and stimulus- and participant-related variables were not affected by measurement technique, which suggests that these relationships can be compared across studies us...
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A Potential Bias in Subjective Ratings of Mental Effort
Conclusions Participants likely substitute an easier question when asked to rate the multidimensional construct of mental effort. The results presented here suggest that perceived performance can serve as a ready heuristic and may explain the dissociation between subjective measures of listening effort and behavioral and physiological measures. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Diagnosing Middle Ear Pathology in 6- to 9-Month-Old Infants Using Wideband Absorbance: A Risk Prediction Model
Conclusions The risk prediction model had accurate discrimination and satisfactory calibration. Validation results indicate that it may generalize well to new infants. The model could potentially be used in diagnostic and screening settings. In the context of screening, probabilities provide an intuitive and flexible mechanism for setting the referral threshold that is sensitive to the costs associated with true and false-positive outcomes. In a diagnostic setting, predictions could be used to supplement visual inspection of absorbance for individualized diagnoses. Further research assessing the performance and impact of t...
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

How Do Age and Hearing Loss Impact Spectral Envelope Perception?
Conclusions The spectral envelope perception as measured by spectral modulation detection thresholds is compromised by hearing loss at higher spectral modulation frequencies, consistent with predictions of reduced spectral resolution known to accompany sensorineural hearing loss. Spectral envelope perception is not negatively impacted by advancing age at any spectral modulation frequency between 0.5 and 8.0 cycles/octave. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Perceptual Encoding in Auditory Brainstem Responses: Effects of Stimulus Frequency
Conclusions Results demonstrate that the ABR provides a useful measure of early perceptual encoding for stimuli varying in frequency and that the tonotopic organization of the auditory system is preserved at this stage of processing for stimuli from 500 to 8000 Hz. Such a measure may serve as a useful clinical tool for evaluating a listener's ability to encode specific frequencies in sounds.Supplemental Materialhttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.6987422 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Code-Switching in Highly Proficient Spanish/English Bilingual Adults: Impact on Masked Word Recognition
Conclusions Results suggest a cost of language mixing on speech perception when bilingual listeners alternate between languages in noisy environments. In addition, the cost of code-switching on speech recognition in noise was similar for both languages in this group of highly proficient Spanish/English bilingual speakers. Differences in response-set size could not account for the poorer results in the mixed-language conditions. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The Impact of Exposure With No Training: Implications for Future Partner Training Research
Conclusions If the results of this small study are in any way representative of what happens in real life, communication partner training in aphasia becomes even more important than indicated from the positive results of training studies. That is, it is possible that mere exposure to a communication disability such as aphasia could have negative impacts on communication and social interaction. This may be akin to what is known as a “nocebo” effect—something for partner training studies in aphasia to take into account. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Quantitative Analysis of Agrammatism in Agrammatic Primary Progressive Aphasia and Dominant Apraxia of Speech
Conclusions agPPA and DAOS subjects showed similar patterns of agrammatism, although subjects performed differently when speaking versus writing. Integrity of Broca's area correlates with agrammatism. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Pairing New Words With Unfamiliar Objects: Comparing Children With and Without Cochlear Implants
Conclusion This study provides preliminary evidence that children with cochlear implants approach mapping novel words to and soliciting information about unfamiliar objects differently than children with normal hearing. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Morphosyntax Production of Preschool Children With Hearing Loss: An Evaluation of the Extended Optional Infinitive and Surface Accounts
Conclusions Taken together, the findings of this study support a unified theoretical account of morphosyntax weakness in CHL in which both tense and duration of morphemes play a role in morphosyntax production accuracy, with a more robust role for tense than duration. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Facing the Challenges of Primary Progressive Aphasia: The Spousal Perspective
Conclusions Greater understanding of the spousal experiences of PPA is crucial to the development of intervention to help sustain spouses' emotional and relational connections with their partner. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

An Application of Network Science to Phonological Sequence Learning in Children With Developmental Language Disorder
Conclusions Network science provides significant insights into phonological learning trajectories in children with DLD and their typically developing peers. Importantly, errors in word production by children with DLD do not surface as a result of weakness in articulatory control. Instead, results suggest that speech errors in DLD may relate to deficits in sound sequencing. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Information Content and Efficiency in the Spoken Discourse of Individuals With Parkinson's Disease
Conclusions Individuals with PD without dementia demonstrated reduced discourse informativeness that reflects disruptions to both conceptual and lexical discourse processes. In exploratory analyses, reduced efficiency of information content was associated with global cognition and motor severity. Clinical and research implications are discussed within a Cognitivist framework of discourse production (Sheratt, 2007). (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Using the Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System to Investigate Cultural Differences in Conversational Turn Count
Conclusions Culture, but not hearing status, influences CTCs as derived by the Language ENvironment Analysis system. Clinicians should consider how cultural communication practices might influence their suggestions for language stimulation. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Changes in the Synchrony of Multimodal Communication in Early Language Development
Conclusions These results suggest that children produce gestures and vocalizations as coordinated elements of a single communication system before the transition to the two-word stage. This coordination is related to subsequent lexical development in this period.Supplemental Materialhttps://doi.org/10.23641/asha.6912242 (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research