A Multistep Algorithm to Detect In Situ Melanomas A Multistep Algorithm to Detect In Situ Melanomas

The authors present a multistep diagnostic algorithm for in situ melanoma detection using reflectance confocal microscopy combined with dermoscopy.The British Journal of Dermatology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Journal Article Source Type: news

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ConclusionIn this nationwide study, multiple sclerosis patients did not have increased cancer incidence or increased cancer-specific mortality. We observed an increased risk of malignant melanoma mainly attributed to increased risk in the first part of our study period.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Roguljic A, Spagnoli G, Juretic A, Sarcevic B, Banovic M, Beketic Oreskovic L Abstract Cancer/testis antigens (CTAs) are a large family of tumor-associated antigens expressed in human tumors of different histological origin, but not in normal tissues, with the exception of the testes and placenta. Numerous immunohistochemical studies have reported associations between CTA expression and a negative estrogen receptor (ER) status in breast tumors, and demonstrated that CTAs are frequently expressed in tumors with higher nuclear grade. The expression of CTAs has not been studied as extensively in ductal carcin...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Kamimura K, Matsumoto Y, Zhou Q, Moriyama M, Saijo Y Abstract Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer often live long lives following treatment and face many life events. No detailed studies of cancers in AYAs have described the epidemiology, treatment outcome, and social status in Japan. The present study defined AYAs as those aged 15-29 years old based on the US National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. Data was collected from the hospital-based cancer registry and electronic medical charts at Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital from 2007 to ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, we suggest that ALK positive/NRAS mutated metastases represent a specific subset of metastatic melanomas, associated with a better prognosis. Validation of these observations in larger cohorts could contribute to understand the molecular events cooperating to melanoma progression, in addition to open new perspectives in the clinical and therapeutic management of this subgroup of patients. PMID: 30546443 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Dominik Deniffel, Andreas Sauter, Julia Dangelmaier, Alexander Fingerle, Ernst J. Rummeny, Daniela PfeifferABSTRACTIntroductionTo investigate the utility of quantitative dual-energy spectral CT derived iodine concentration (IC), in comparison with conventional CT attenuation, for the differentiation of pulmonary metastases from different primary malignancies.Materials and MethodsCT scans were performed on a dual-layer spectral CT. We retrospectively evaluated pulmonary metastases of 130 patients (77 men and 53 women, mean age...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Irwin DE, Davis B, Bell JA, Galaznik A, Garcia-Ribas I Abstract Aim &methods: A retrospective study using the IBM Explorys Universe Database assessed the risk of gastrointestinal events (enterocolitis or diarrhea) among melanoma and lung cancer patients treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab combination or monotherapy. Results &conclusion: There were 904 melanoma patients (607 ipilimumab, 140 nivolumab and 157 combo) and 1641 lung cancer patients (68 ipilimumab, 1542 nivolumab and 31 combo). Approximately, 37% of lung patients and 46% of melanoma patients experienced at least one adverse event. Afte...
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
Extravascular migratory metastasis (EVMM), also known as pericytic mimicry or angiotropism, is a mechanism of angiocentric tumor spread that has been investigated mainly in cutaneous malignant melanoma where it has been associated with an increased risk of metastasis. In EVMM, the tumor cells spread along the external (ablumenal) aspect of vessels without breaching the endothelium, a process that is therefore distinct from the more widely recognized intraluminal invasion. Although EVMM has also been reported in a limited range of other tumor types, to our knowledge it has not been described in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE LOWER GENITAL TRACT: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
Authors: Yu H, Fu QR, Huang ZJ, Lin JY, Chen QX, Wang Q, Shen DY Abstract Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a type of hydrophilic bile acid extracted from animal bile with a wide range of biological functions. The present results demonstrated that UDCA could effectively inhibit the proliferation of two human melanoma cell line (M14 and A375) with time‑ and concentration‑dependence. Following exposure to various concentrations of UDCA, M14 cells exhibited typical morphological changes and weaker ability of colony forming. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that UDCA could induce a decrease of mitochondrial m...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrated that evaluation with the Idylla system of the BRAF and NRAS mutation status in cfDNA may be a surrogate for determination of the BRAF and NRAS status in tumor tissue. PMID: 30546839 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Lesions of the head and neck, those removed in primary care and with increased tumour thickness were more likely to have positive margins following surgical excision. Close margins were associated with excision in primary care and female gender. The value of re-excising tumours with close margins remains uncertain. PMID: 30543608 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
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